Portugal Wildlife

Guide to the Birds of a Wildlife Reserve in Baixo Alentejo

All Photographs were taken by the website author on the reserve unless otherwise stated.

Species Notes Photographs Photographs Photographs

Little Grebe

Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis

Mergulhão pequeno
Breeding Resident.

Adult Little Grebe.

Three Little Grebe chicks.

Little Grebe with Four chicks, one riding on Adult's back.

 

 

Little Grebe, probably a female,with (at least) 2 day or two day-old Chicks on her back.

Little Grebe with just its head above water. Little Grebes do this when they have seen possible threats and keep themselves partly hidden until they are safe to come fully to the surface.

Little Grebe in safety-mode, partly submerged.

 

 

Little Grebe chick moulting into Juvenile plumage.

Juvenile Little Grebe and parent close by.

Adult Little Grebe

 

 

Little Grebe in non-breeding plumage. Probably a grown up chick from an earlier or last year's brood.

Adult.

Both Parents and two of their youngsters.

 

 

Little Grebe with prey in bill. Probably a large tadpole of some sort.

Chick losing its stripes as it moults into Juvenile plumage.

Little Grebe nest platform at edge of Windmill Pond (in centre of photograph).

 

 

Little Grebe diving.

Adult Little Grebe with its three chicks.

Photographed on the same day (Late May) as the adult with chicks. A new Little Grebe nest with four eggs.

 

 

Little Grebe sitting on floating nest at edge of Windmill Pond.

Three Little Grebe chicks.

 

Great Cormorant

Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis

Corvo marinho

Passage/Winter Migrant.

 

 

 

 

Cattle Egret

Bubulcus ibis ibis

Carraceiro

Resident.

Non-Breeding Plumage.

 

 

Flock feeding at Windmill Pond.

Cattle Egret sitting on back of beef cattle in neighbouring farm.

Little Egret

Egretta garzetta garzetta

Garça branca
Resident.

Little Egret showing off magnificent breeding plumes (aigrettes) (in February) and diagnostic yellow feet.

 

 

Note Yellow feet.

 

Grey Heron 

Ardea cinerea cinerea

Garça real

Resident. Notably found at Windmill Pond.

Adult.

Juvenile Grey Heron

 

 

At night.

 

Black Stork

Ciconia nigra

Cegonha preta

Occasional.

 

 

 

 

Two Black Storks feeding at Windmill Pond.

 

White Stork

Ciconia ciconia ciconia

Cegonha branca

Seen daily in breeding season flying over the reserve. Resident. Breed just outside the reserve. Leave the area ± August to October.

White Stork drinking at Windmill Pond.

 

 

Part of a flock of around 30 white storks over the reserve

 

 

 

 

White Stork carrying nesting material to its nest just outside the reserve.

 

 

Eurasian Spoonbill

Platalea leucorodia leucorodia

Colhereiro
Migrant.

 

 

Gadwall

Anas strepera strepera

Frisada
Resident.

Female.

Pair of Gadwall. Male on left, female on right.

 

 

Female Gadwall with Nine Ducklings !

Female Gadwall with Nine Ducklings.

Part of brood of Nine Gadwall ducklings.

 

 

Nine Gadwall Ducklings.

Female Gadwall with Nine Ducklings.

Mallard

Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos

Pato real
Resident.

Male in full breeding plumage, early March.

Female, with body flattened low against the water, hiding from two fighting males.

Female.

 

 

June: Well-grown Mallard Fledglings.

 

 

Female Mallard flapping wings and showing diagnostic Blue Speculum.

Female Mallard feeding.

 

European Honey-Buzzard

Pernis apivorus

Bútio vespeiro
Summer Migrant.

Not yet photographed on the reserve.

 

 

Blackshouldered Kite

Elanus caeruleus caeruleus

Peneireiro cinzento
Seen regularly quartering the reserve and hovering while hunting for food. resident.

Hovering while hunting.

Juvenile.

Black Kite

Milvus migrans migrans

Milhafre preto
Summer Migrant.

 

 

 

 

 

Photographed in Catalonia, Spain

Red Kite

Milvus milvus milvus

Milhafre real

Seen regularly.

Resident and Winter Migrant.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Red Kite chasing Eurasian Buzzard.

Red Kite attacking Eurasian Buzzard.

 

 

 

Griffon Vulture

Gyps fulvus fulvus

Grifo

Seen occasionally.

Resident.

 

 

 

 

Griffon Vulture. One of seven that flew over the reserve one June morning.

One of three Griffon Vultures that flew low and then quickly circled upwards on a thermal and disappeared from sight.

 

 

 

 

Griffon Vulture photographed in pre-Pyrenees in Catalonia, Spain.

Flock of Griffon Vultures soaring, photographed in pre-Pyrenees in Catalonia, Spain.

Black Vulture

Aegypius monachus

Abutre preto

Seen occasionally.

The Black Vulture is classified as "Near Threatened" on the IUCN Red List published by the International Union for Conservation of Nature.

Black Vulture and Griffon Vulture.

 

 

 

 

Short-toed Snake-Eagle

Circaetus gallicus

Águia cobreira

Seen regularly quartering the reserve and hovering while hunting for food. Summer Breeding Visitor.

Hovering while Hunting.

 

 

Pair of Short-toed Snake-Eagles performing aerial breeding display.

 

 

 

   

Western Marsh Harrier

Circus aeruginosus aeruginosus

Águia sapeira
Occasional.

Female.

 

Male Marsh Harrier photographed in Catalonia, Spain

Hen Harrier

Circus cyaneus

Tartaranhão cinzento
Winter Visitor (August to April). Not yet photographed on the reserve.

 

 

Montagu's Harrier

Circus pygargus

Águia caçadeira
Regularly seen quartering the reserve looking for prey. Especially males. Summer Breeding Migrant. (March to October).

Male.

 

 

Male Montagu's Harrier carrying prey - probably a gamebird such as a Quail.

Male Montagu's Harrier carrying prey.

Photograph not taken in the reserve. Male.

Eurasian Sparrowhawk

Accipiter nisus nisus

Gavião
Occasional Resident.

Eurasian Buzzard

Buteo buteo buteo

Águia d'asa redonda
Seen regularly quartering the reserve and hovering while hunting for food. Resident.

 

 

Eurasian Buzzard being chased by Red Kite.

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

Iberian Imperial Eagle

Aquila adalberti

Águia imperial
Immature seen in June. Not yet photographed on the reserve.    

Booted Eagle

Hieraaetus pennatus

Águia calçada
Summer Breeding Migrant.

 

Dark morph (dark phase) booted eagle.

Dark morph.

Dark morph.

 

 

Pale Phase Booted Eagle.

The white patches where the wings meet the body are often referred to as 'headlights' and are a characteristic of this species of eagle.

 

 

The rounded head of a Booted Eagle is another identifying feature.

Dark morph showing upper wing pattern.

Bonelli's Eagle

Hieraaetus fasciata fasciata

Águia perdigueira
Occasional Resident.

 

 

Common Kestrel

Falco tinnunculus tinnunculus

Peneireiro
Resident.

 

 

Photograph not taken in the reserve. Male.

Peregrine Falcon

Falco peregrinus brookei

Falcão peregrino
Occasional.

First year Peregrine Falcon (Photo by Simon).

First year Peregrine Falcon (Photo by Simon).

 

 

Redlegged Partridge

Alectoris rufa hispanica

Perdiz
Breeding Resident.

Calling.

Redlegged Partridge Chick.

 

 

Redlegged Partridge Chick.

Adult Redlegged Partridge with 12 Chicks.

 

 

Pair of Redlegged Partridge.

Adult with 5 young (of 7 in total)

 

 

Family party of Redlegged Partridges - with well-grown young.

Adult.

Common Quail

Coturnix coturnix coturnix

Codorniz
Summer Visitor/Migrant.

Not yet photographed on the reserve.

Content on this page requires a newer version of Adobe Flash Player.

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Click Icon Above to play Song of Common Quail. The song is rendered as “quid di-dik”, a three note song, repeated at intervals - typically around 4–8 times in succession, every 2–5 seconds.

 

Common Moorhen

Gallinula chloropus chloropus

Galinha d’água
Resident.

Juvenile Common Moorhen.

Juvenile Common Moorhen.

Eurasian Stone-Curlew

Burhinus oedicnemus oedicnemus

Alcaravão
Occasionally heard at nght. Not yet photographed on the reserve.    

Collared Pratincole

Glareola pratincola pratincola

Perdiz do mar
Just one sighting of a small flock flying around and calling. Not yet photographed on the reserve.    

Little Ringed Plover

Charadrius dubius curonicus

Borrelho pequeno de coleira
Summer Visitor. (March to October).    

Northern Lapwing

Vanellus vanellus

Abibe

Winter Visitor.

Common Snipe

Gallinago gallinago gallinago

Narceja
Winter Visitor (September to April).

 

 

Common Snipe crouched down in damp grasses near spring.

Feeding.

 

 

Feeding.

 

 

Common Greenshank

Tringa nebularia

Perna verde
Passage/Winter. (July to April).

Note dull green legs that give this wader its name.

Characteristic call given when flying away: "Tew, Tew, Tew".

Green Sandpiper

Tringa ochropus

Maçarico bique bique
Passage/Winter. (June to April).

 

 

 

 

Common Sandpiper

Actitis hypoleucos

Maçarico das rochas
Resident/Passage migrant/Winter Visitor.

Preening.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At edge of Windmill Pond.

 

Exhibiting alert posture.

Flying with characteristic rapid, shallow wing beats on stiff, curved wings, showing white wingbar.

 

 

 

In typical flight style, but with head raised.

 

 

 

Yellowlegged Gull

Larus michahellis michahellis

Gaivota de patas amarelas
Occasional.  

Common Wood Pigeon

Columba palumbus palumbus

Pombo torcaz
Resident. In winter very large flock over ± 200-300 in sweet oaks.

Part of Winter flock of 70+ Common Woodpigeons. They congregate in the reserve to eat the abundant Sweet Oak acorns.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Part of flock of 20 or 30 Common Woodpigeons.

   

Eurasian Collared Dove

Streptopelia decaocto

Rola turca
Seen daily. Very common resident.

 

 

Partially Leucistic Eurasian Collared Dove.

Breaking the ice on the pond one December morning in order to drink.

 

 

Most birds have to take water into their beak and then ift their head up to let the water flow down their throat. Doves and Pigeons are among the few types of birds that can suck up water while their beak remains in the water. So birds such as this Eurasian Collared Dove are much quicker at drinking than most birds.

So while other birds have to keep bobbing their head in and out of the water, a Dove is able to take a good long drink in one go.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eurasian Collared Dove sitting down on horizontal branch of Sweet Oak.

 

 

Common Cuckoo

Cuculus canorus bangsi

Cuco
Common in Spring and early Summer. Lots of birds calling. Summer Breeding Migrant.

Common Cuckoo performing display flight while singing.

   

Common Barn Owl

Tyto alba

Coruja das torres
Resident.

Barn owl at pond at night.

 

 

 

 

Sequence of TrailCam Photos showing Common Barn Owl bathing.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eurasian Scops Owl

Otus scops mallorcae

Mocho d’orelhas
Resident.

Not yet photographed on the reserve.

 

 

Eurasian Eagle Owl

Bubo bubo hispanus

Bufo real
Occasional.

June: These feathers were all found in the nature reserve. Subsequently a dead owl was discovered in an oaktree below the electricity company's wires next to an electricity pole. It is presumed the bird hit the wires and died. And then fell into the oak tree and got stuck on a branch.

 

The Eurasian Eagle Owl is the World's heaviest owl. Males can weigh up to 2.8 kg while females can be as heavy as 4.2 kg.

Little Owl

Athene noctua vidalii

Mocho galego

Common Breeding Resident.

Often heard calling, day and night.

Little Owl bringing insect food to nest hole in Olive Tree

June 8th: Fledgling Little Owl stood at entrance to nest hole in Sweet Oak, hissing quietly.

Little Owl taking food into nest hole in Olive tree.

 

 

Little Owl perched in Sweet Oak keeping an eye on its nest site in adjacent Olive tree.

Little owl with Bush-Cricket prey.

Little Owl with white facial feathers exposed - Presumably to make it look more threatening while being mobbed by Iberian Azurewinged Magpies.

 

 

Adult.

Two Little Owlets at nest hole.

Adult perched in a Sweet Oak, keeping an eye on it's nearby nest site in an old Olive tree.

 

 

Fledgling.

Fledgling.

 

 

Little Owl with Insect prey

Adult perched on olive tree nest site.

 

Tawny Owl

Strix aluco sylvatica

Coruja do mato
Resident.

 

 

Sequence of 12 photos showing Tawny Owl bathing in Hide Pond.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Finally, a nice clean Tawny Owl !

 

 

Tawny Owl drinking.

Rednecked Nightjar

Caprimulgus ruficollis ruficollis

Noitibó de nuca vermelha
Summer Resident.

Not yet photographed on the reserve.

 

 

Common Swift

Apus apus apus

Andorinhão preto
Summer Resident.

Common swift in flight, showing small white throat patch and darker plumage than pallid swift.

Adult in flight.

 

Pallid Swift

Apus pallidus brehmoram

Andorinhão pálido
Summer Resident. Not yet photographed on the reserve.    

Alpine Swift

Tachymarptis melba melba

Andorinhão real
Summer Migrant.    

Common Kingfisher

Alcedo atthis ispida

Guarda rios
Resident.

Common Kingfisher landing on perch in Windmill Pond.

 

 

Common Kingfisher sitting on post placed in Windmill Pond to attract kingfishers! At Sunset.

 

 

Kingfisher after diving into the pond.

Note Orange lower madible which marks this bird as a female.

European Bee-eater

Merops apiaster

Abelharuco
Breeding Summer Visitor/Migrant. Flock of ± 20 regularly feed over reserve.

Breeding plumage adult in flight.

 

 

 

   

Eurasian Hoopoe

Upupa epops epops

Poupa
Seen regularly. Breeding Resident.

Singing

 

 

Feeding.

Eurasian Wryneck

Jynx torquilla torquilla

Torcicolo
Occasional.    

Iberian Green Woodpecker

Picus sharpie

Peto real
Commonly heard and seen Resident.

Adult Male with red malar stripe.

 

 

Juvenile.

Adult female with black malar stripe.

Adult.

 

 

Adult female.

Juvenile.

 

Great Spotted Woodpecker

Dendrocopos major hispanus

Pica pau malhardo
Regularly heard or seen. Resident.

Male with characteristic red nape.

 

 

On Cork Oak

Male, showing characteristic red nape.

Hammering at Cork Oak bark in search for insect food.

 

 

Coming in to land at pond.

Coming in to land at pond.

 

Lesser Spotted Woodpecker           

Dendrocopos minor buturlini

Pica pau galego
Resident.

Female.

Female.

 

Female.

 

Crested Lark

Galerida cristata pallida

Cotovia de poupa
Resident.

Singing.

Scratching.

 

 

Woodlark

Lullula arborea pallida

Cotovia dos bosques
The Commonest lark on the Reserve. Often sings at night. Resident.

Woodlark collecting nesting material (mid February).

Woodlark dust-bathing.

 

 

Woodlark collecting nesting material in February.

Pair of Woodlarks.

Eurasian Skylark

Alauda arvensis sierra

Laverca
Resident.  

Sand Martin

Riparia riparia riparia

Andorinha das barrieras
Summer Resident. Not yet photographed on the reserve.    

Eurasian Crag Martin

Ptyonoprogne rupestris

Andorinha das rochas
Migrant. Not yet photographed on the reserve.    

Barn Swallow

Hirundo rustica rustica

Andorinha das chaminés
Common Breeding Summer Resident.

Barn Swallow singing.

Collecting Mud for Nest-Building.

 

 

Fledgling.

Adult in flight.

In flight showing dark rump.

 

 

Juvenile in flight - note duller plumage and shorter tail.

Adult in flight.

On nest.

 

 

Collecting nest building material.

Collecting mud for nest-building.

Redrumped Swallow

Cecropis daurica rufula

Andorinha dáurica
Summer Breeding Resident.

Adult in flight showing pale rump.

House Martin

Delichon urbicum meridionale

Andorinha dos beirais
Summer Visitor.    

Meadow Pipit

Anthus pratensis pratensis

Petinha dos prados
Winter visitor. Approximately October to April.

 

 

 

 

Grey Wagtail

Motacilla cinerea cinerea

Alvéola cinzenta
Resident.

White Wagtail

Motacilla alba alba

Alvéola branca
Resident.

Male in Winter plumage - with white chin and forehead.

Male in Summer plumage with black throat.

Juvenile.

 

 

Winter plumage - with white chin and forehead.

Male - Summer.

Male in Winter plumage - with white chin and forehead.

 

 

Adult Male.

Summer plumage Adult.

 

 

 

 

Dunnock

Prunella modularis modularis

Ferreirinha
Winter Visitor. (October to April)    

European Robin

Erithacus rubecula

Two sub-species can occur: E.r. melophilus and E.r. rubecula

Pisco de peito ruivo
Common Winter Visitor. Some may be resident.

 

     

Common Nightingale           

Luscinia megarhynchos megarhynchos

Rouxinol
Heard singing in Summer. Summer visitor. (Macrh to October). Not yet photographed on the reserve.    

Black Redstart

Phoenicurus ochruros gibraltariensis

Rabirruivo
Common Winter Visitor.

Male

Male

 

 

Male.

Female standing on part of nesting sandbank structure.

 

Common Redstart

Phoenicurus phoenicurus phoenicurus

Rabirruivo de testa branca
Migrant Visitor.

Juvenile.

 

 

Eurasian Stonechat

Saxicola torquatus rubicola

Cartaxo
Common Breeding Resident.

Female with nesting material in its bill.

Male singing from top of Sweet Oak sapling.

 

 

Female.

Male

Female collecting nesting Material (February).

 

 

Female.

 

 

Female.

 

 

Northern Wheatear

Oenanthe oenanthe libanotica

Chasco cinzento
Autumn Migrant.

Juvenile.

Blackeared Wheatear

Oenanthe hispanica hispanica

Chasco ruivo
Summer Migrant Visitor.

Male dark-throated morph.

   

Common Blackbird

Turdus merula merula

Melro
Common Breeding Resident. Shy.

Female.

Male.

Female with spider prey in bill.

 

 

Juvenile.

Close up of Male.

Female common blackbird washing prey (spider) before eating it.

 

 

Female drinking.

Female.

 

 

Juvenile.

Juvenile showiing well spotted breast - which distinguishes its plumage from that of an adult female.

Juvenile drinking.

 

 

Adult Female.

 

 

Song Thrush

Turdus philomelos clarkei

Tordo pinto
Winter Visitor.

 

 

Mistle Thrush

Turdus viscivorus viscivorus

Tordoveia
Resident.

 

 

Zitting Cisticola (Fantailed Warbler)

Cisticola juncidis cisticola

Fuinha dos juncos
Breeding Resident.

 

 

Zitting Cisticola Singing (early March).

 

Isabelline or Western Olivaceous Warbler

Hippolais opaca

Felosa pálida
Summer Migrant Visitor. Not yet photographed on the reserve.    

Melodious Warbler

Hippolais polyglotta

Felosa poliglota
Summer Migrant Visitor.    

Dartford Warbler

Sylvia undata undata

Toutinegra do mato
Resident.

Male Dartford Warbler.

   

Sardinian Warbler

Sylvia melanocephala melanocephala

Toutinegra dos valados
Resident.

Male.

Male.

Male.

 

 

Juvenile Sardinian warbler.

Juvenile.

Female - with red eye-ring.

 

 

Female.

Juvenile.

Juvenile.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Subalpine Warbler

Sylvia cantillans iberiae

Toutinegra de bigodes
Summer Migrant Visitor.

Male, showing bluish-grey head and upperparts.

Male.

Male Subalpine Warbler (screen grab ex video clip)

 

 

 

 

Orphean Warbler

Sylvia hortensis

Toutinegra real
Migrant Visitor. Not yet photographed on the reserve.    

Common Whitethroat

Sylvia communis communis

Papa amoras
Summer Visitor.    

Eurasian Blackcap

Sylvia atricapilla heinekin

Toutinegra de barrete
Winter Visitor or Resident.

Male

Female

Female

Western Bonelli's Warbler

Phylloscopus bonelli

Felosa de papo branco
Summer Breeding Migrant. Not yet photographed on the reserve.    

Common Chiffchaff

Phylloscopus collybita collybita

Felosinha

Abundant Winter Migrant (they over-winter). Approximately October to March.

 

 

With prey in bill.

 

 

Hunting for insect prey over Windmill Pond.

Hunting for insect prey over pond.

 

 

 

 

Iberian Chiffchaff

Phylloscopus ibericus

Felosinha ibérica

Summer Breeding Visitor. Approximately February to October. Not yet photographed on the reserve.    

Willow Warbler

Phylloscopus trochilus trochilus

Felosinha musical

Non-Breeding Migrant Visitor. Approximately March to May and July to October.

 

 

Bathing.

Spotted Flycatcher

Muscicapa striata striata

Taralhão cinzento
Summer Resident and/or Migrant.

Sexes are alike.

Spotted flycatcher eating wasp.

Pied Flycatcher

Ficedula hypoleuca

Papa moscas
Winter Migrant. Several sub-species could occur.

Female or Immature.

Female or Immature.

Longtailed Tit (Bushtit)

Aegithalos caudatus irbii

Chapim rabilongo
Resident.

 

 

Showing relative sizes of Longtailed Tit and Blue Tit.

 

 

European Crested Tit

Lophophanes cristatus weigoldi

Chapim de poupa
Occasional Resident.

Blue Tit

Parus caeruleus ogliastrae

Chapim azul
Very Common Breeding Resident.

 

Adult.

Juvenile.

Adult Calling.

 

 

Juvenile - with yellow cheeks.

Juvenile with wings extended.

 

 

Bathing.

Juvenile, showing characteristic yellow cheeks.

 

 

Blue Tit in classic 'hanging upside down' position.

 

 

Great Tit

Parus major corsus

Chapim real
Common Breeding Resident.

Bringing Food to Nestlings.

Adult exiting nest box.

 

 

Drinking.

 

 

Juvenile at pond. Note duller plumage and cheeks not pure white.

 

 

 

 

Eurasian Nuthatch

Sitta europaea hispaniensis

Trepadeira azul
Common Breeding Resident.

 

 

 

 

Eurasian Nuthatch in classic head-downward pose. Nuthatches are one of the few types of bird that can run up and down a vertical tree trunk.

 

 

 

Short-toed Treecreeper

Certhia brachydactyla megarhynchos

Trepadeira
Common Breeding Resident.

 

     

Eurasian Golden Oriole

Oriolus oriolus

Papa figos
Summer Breeding Visitor. Seen occasionally. Not yet photographed on the reserve.    

Southern Grey Shrike

Lanius meridionalis meridionalis

Picanço real
Common Breeding Resident.

Southern Grey Shrike preening at pond.

 

 

 

   

Woodchat Shrike

Lanius senator rutilans

Picanço barreteiro
Summer Breeding Migrant.

 

Male singing.

Woodchat Shrike coughing up pellet on undigested food items, presumably mostly insect carapaces.

 

Female.

 

 

Juvenile Woodchat Shrike.

Male.

 

 

 

 

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Female.

Eurasian Jay

Garrulus glandarius fasciatus

Gaio
Common Resident.

 

 

Landing at pond. Showing beautiful blue and black feathering on wings (primary coverts).

Iberian Azurewinged Magpie

Cyanopica cooki

Charneco
Very Common Breeding Resident. Seen and heard daily. Endemic to Iberia.

Juvenile food-begging, with bill wide open, showing red gape, and wings held half-open while being vibrated.

 

 

Juvenile Calling - possibly food-begging, with wings half-spread.

 

 

Juvenile swallowing water.

Juvenile.

 

 

Juvenile Food-begging - calling and shivering half-open wings.

Juvenile bathing.

Close up of Juvenile - showing white speckling on head.

 

 

Juvenile, head thrown back, swallowing water.

 

 

 

 

Carrion Crow

Corvus corone corone

Gralha preta
Resident.

Carrion crow being mobbed by flock of Iberian Azurewinged Magpies

Northern Raven

Corvus corax

Corvo
Resident.

 

 

Note characteristic wedge-shaped tail.

 

Spotless Starling

Sturnus unicolor

Estorninho preto
Very Common Breeding Resident.

 

Adult, breeding plumage.

Adult drinking, breeding plumage.

Winter Plumage - when Spotless starlings have spots.

 

 

Spotless Starling showing aggression towards female Common Blackbird.

Nestlings Begging for Food.

 

 

 

 

House Sparrow

Passer domesticus domesticus

Pardal
Very Common Breeding Resident. Seen and heard daily.

Female.

Male - Winter Plumage. Note grey cheeks which distinguish it from the similar Spanish Sparrow,

Female Bringing Food to Nestlings.

 

 

Juvenile still showiing yellow sides to gape.

Male in Summer plumage.

Female.

 

 

Female.

Male drinking.

Female.

 

 

Wet from bathing.

Male.

Male.

Spanish Sparrow

Passer hispaniolensis hispaniolensis

Pardal espanhol
Resident.

Female.

 

Male.

Male bathing.

 

 

Male. Showing completely chestnut cap.

Male. Showing extensive black on breast and white cheeks - which distinguish it from the similar House Sparrow.

Male. Showing heavily marked back.

 

 

Male drinking.

Male showing full chestnut cap and nape.

 

Rock Sparrow

Petronia petronia petronia

Pardal francês
Resident.

 

 

 

 

Common Waxbill

Estrilda astrild astrild or E.a. jagoensis

Bico de lacre
Resident.

Not yet photographed on the reserve.

This species has been introduced to Portugal from Africa.

 

Chaffinch

Fringilla coelebs coelebs

Tentilhão
Resident.

Male landing on rock in pond.

Male.

 

 

Female landing at pond.

Male Chaffinch - Winter

Female Chaffinch - Winter

 

 

Female.

Drinking.

European Serin

Serinus serinus

Milheirinha
Winter Visitor. Can be Resident.

Male European Serin.

 

 

European Greenfinch

Carduelis chloris vanmarli

Verdilhão
Resident.  

European Goldfinch

Carduelis carduelis parva

Pintassilgo
Seen Regularly. Breeding Resident.

Common Linnet

Carduelis cannabina mediterranea

Pintarroxo
Occasional. Resident.

Male.

Female.

Male.

 

 

Male on left, Female on right.

Male.

 

 

Female Common Linnet collecting nesting material.

Female.

Male.

 

 

 

Eurasian Bullfinch

Pyrrhula pyrrhula pyrrhula

Dom fafe

Wintor Visitor.

Female Eurasian Bullfinch.

Male.

 

Hawfinch

Coccothraustes coccothraustes coccothraustes

Bico grossudo
Rarely seen. Resident. Not yet photographed on the reserve.    

Corn Bunting

Emberiza calandra calandra

Trigueirão
Very Common Breeding Resident.

Corn Bunting with insect prey to feed nestlings.

 

 

Singing.

Singing.

 

 

Bathing.

 

 

Drinking.

Swallowing water.

 

 

Corn Bunting sat on top of young Sweet Oak.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bird Species List :

1   Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis Mergulhão pequeno   Least Concern
2   Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis Corvo marinho   Not Globally Threatened
3   Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis ibis Carraceiro   Least Concern
4   Little Egret Egretta garzetta garzetta Garça branca   Not Globally Threatened
5   Grey Heron Ardea cinerea cinerea Garça real   Least Concern
6   Black Stork Ciconia nigra Cegonha preta Monotypic Least Concern
7   White Stork Ciconia ciconia ciconia Cegonha branca   Least Concern
8   Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia leucorodia Colhereiro   Not Globally Threatened
9   Gadwall Anas strepera strepera Frisada   Not Globally Threatened
10   Mallard Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos Pato real   Least Concern
11   European Honey-Buzzard Pernis apivorus Bútio-vespeiro Monotypic Least Concern
12   Blackshouldered Kite Elanus caeruleus caeruleus Peneireiro cinzento   Least Concern
13   Black Kite Milvus migrans migrans Milhafre preto   Least Concern
14   Red Kite Milvus milvus milvus Milhafre real   Near Threatened
15   Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus fulvus Grifo   Least Concern
16   Black Vulture Aegypius monachus Abutre preto Monotypic Near Threatened
17   Short-toed Snake-Eagle Circaetus gallicus Águia cobreira Monotypic Least Concern
18   Western Marsh Harrier Circus aeruginosus aeruginosus Águia sapeira   Least Concern
19   Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus Tartaranhão cinzento Monotypic Not Globally Threatened
20   Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus Águia caçadeira Monotypic Least Concern
21   Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus nisus Gavião   Least Concern
22   Eurasian Buzzard Buteo buteo buteo Águia d'asa redonda   Least Concern
23   Iberian Imperial Eagle Aquila adalberti Águia imperial Monotypic Vulnerable
24   Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus Águia calçada Monotypic Least Concern
25   Bonelli's Eagle Hieraaetus fasciata fasciata Águia perdigueira   Not Globally Threatened
26   Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus tinnunculus Peneireiro   Least Concern
27   Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus brookei Falcão peregrino   Not Globally Threatened
28   Redlegged Partridge Alectoris rufa hispanica Perdiz   Least Concern
29   Common Quail Coturnix coturnix coturnix Codorniz   Not Globally Threatened
30   Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus chloropus Galinha d’água   Least Concern
31   Eurasian Stone-Curlew Burhinus oedicnemus oedicnemus Alcaravão   Least Concern
32   Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola pratincola Perdiz do mar   Least Concern
33   Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius curonicus Borrelho pequeno de coleira   Not Globally Threatened
34   Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus Abibe Monotypic Near Threatened
35   Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago gallinago Narceja   Not Globally Threatened
36   Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia Perna verde Monotypic Not Globally Threatened
37   Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus Maçarico bique bique Monotypic Least Concern
38   Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos Maçarico das rochas Monotypic Not Globally Threatened
39   Yellowlegged Gull Larus michahellis michahellis Gaivota de patas amarelas   Least Concern
40   Common Woodpigeon Columba palumbus palumbus Pombo torcaz   Least Concern
41   Eurasian Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto Rola turca Monotypic Least Concern
42   Common Cuckoo Cuculus canorus bangsi Cuco   Least Concern
43   Common Barn Owl Tyto alba alba Coruja das torres   Least Concern
44   Eurasian Scops Owl Otus scops mallorcae Mocho d’orelhas   Not Globally Threatened
45   Eurasian Eagle Owl Bubo bubo hispanus Bufo real   Not Globally Threatened
46   Little Owl Athene noctua vidalii Mocho galego   Least Concern
47   Tawny Owl Strix aluco sylvatica Coruja do mato   Not Globally Threatened
48   Rednecked Nightjar Caprimulgus ruficollis ruficollis Noitibó de nuca vermelha   Not Globally Threatened
49   Common Swift Apus apus apus Andorinhão preto   Least Concern
50   Pallid Swift Apus pallidus brehmoram Andorinhão pálido   Least Concern
51   Alpine Swift Tachymarptis melba melba Andorinhão real   Least Concern
52   Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis ispida Guarda rios   Not Globally Threatened
53   European Bee-eater Merops apiaster Abelharuco Monotypic Least Concern
54   Eurasian Hoopoe Upupa epops epops Poupa   Least Concern
55   Eurasian Wryneck Jynx torquilla torquilla Torcicolo   Least Concern
56   Iberian Green Woodpecker Picus sharpei Peto real Monotypic Near Threatened
57   Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major hispanus Pica pau malhardo   Least Concern
58   Lesser Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos minor buturlini Pica pau galego   Least Concern
59   Crested Lark Galerida cristata pallida Cotovia de poupa   Least Concern
60   Woodlark Lullula arborea pallida Cotovia dos bosques   Not Globally Threatened
61   Eurasian Skylark Alauda arvensis sierrae Laverca   Not Globally Threatened
62   Sand Martin Riparia riparia riparia Andorinha das barreiras   Not Globally Threatened
63   Eurasian Crag Martin Ptyonoprogne rupestris Andorinha das rochas Monotypic Not Globally Threatened
64   Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica rustica Andorinha das chaminés   Least Concern
65   Redrumped Swallow Cecropis daurica rufula Andorinha dáurica   Least Concern
66   House Martin Delichon urbicum meridionale Andorinha dos beirais   Not Globally Threatened
67   Meadow Pipit Anthus pratensis pratensis Petinha dos prados   Near Threatened
68   Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea cinerea Alvéola cinzenta   Least Concern
69   White Wagtail Motacilla alba alba Alvéola branca   Not Globally Threatened
70   Dunnock Prunella modularis modularis Ferreirinha   Not Globally Threatened
71   European Robin Erithacus rubecula melophilus or E.r. rubecula Pisco de peito ruivo   Not Globally Threatened
72   Common Nightingale Luscinia megarhynchos megarhynchos Rouxinol   Least Concern
73   Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros gibraltariensis Rabirruivo   Least Concern
74   Common Redstart Phoenicurus phoenicurus phoenicurus Rabirruivo de testa branca   Not Globally Threatened
75   Eurasian Stonechat Saxicola torquatus rubicola Cartaxo   Not Globally Threatened
76   Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe libanotica Chasco cinzento   Not Globally Threatened
77   Blackeared Wheatear Oenanthe hispanica hispanica Chasco ruivo   Not Globally Threatened
78   Common Blackbird Turdus merula merula Melro   Least Concern
79   Song Thrush Turdus philomelos philomelos Tordo pinto   Least Concern
80   Mistle Thrush Turdus viscivorus viscivorus Tordoveia   Not Globally Threatened
81   Zitting Cisticola (Fantailed Warbler) Cisticola juncidis cisticola Fuinha dos juncos   Least Concern
82   Isabelline or Western Olivaceous Warbler Hippolais opaca Felosa pálida Monotypic Not Assessed
83   Melodious Warbler Hippolais polyglotta Felosa poliglota Monotypic Least Concern
84   Dartford Warbler Sylvia undata undata Toutinegra do mato   Near Threatened
85   Sardinian Warbler Sylvia melanocephala melanocephala Toutinegra dos valados   Least Concern
86   Subalpine Warbler Sylvia cantillans iberiae Toutinegra de bigodes   Not Globally Threatened
87   Orphean Warbler Sylvia hortensis hortensis Toutinegra real   Not Globally Threatened
88   Common Whitethroat Sylvia communis communis Papa amoras   Not Globally Threatened
89   Eurasian Blackcap Sylvia atricapilla heinekin Toutinegra de barrete   Least Concern
90   Western Bonelli's Warbler Phylloscopus bonelli Felosa de papo branco Monotypic Not Globally Threatened
91   Common Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita collybita Felosinha   Least Concern
92   Iberian Chiffchaff Phylloscopus ibericus Felosinha ibérica Monotypic Not Globally Threatened
93   Willow Warbler Phylloscopus trochilus trochilus Felosinha musical   Least Concern
94   Spotted Flycatcher Muscicapa striata striata Taralhão cinzento   Not Globally Threatened
95   Pied Flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca iberiae Papa moscas   Least Concern
96   Longtailed Tit (Bushtit) Aegithalos caudatus irbii Chapim rabilongo   Least Concern
97   European Crested Tit Lophophanes cristatus weigoldi Chapim de poupa   Not Globally Threatened
98   Blue Tit Parus caeruleus ogliastrae Chapim azul   Not Globally Threatened
99   Great Tit Parus major corsus Chapim real   Not Globally Threatened
100   Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaea hispaniensis Trepadeira azul   Not Globally Threatened
101   Short-toed Treecreeper Certhia brachydactyla megarhynchos Trepadeira   Not Globally Threatened
102   Eurasian Golden Oriole Oriolus oriolus Papa figos Monotypic Not Globally Threatened
103   Southern Grey Shrike Lanius meridionalis meridionalis Picanço real   Least Concern
104   Woodchat Shrike Lanius senator rutilans Picanço barreteiro   Not Globally Threatened
105   Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius fasciatus Gaio   Not Globally Threatened
106   Iberian Azurewinged Magpie Cyanopica cooki Charneco Monotypic Least Concern
107   Carrion Crow Corvus corone corone Gralha preta   Least Concern
108   Northern Raven Corvus corax hispanus Corvo   Not Globally Threatened
109   Spotless Starling Sturnus unicolor Estorninho preto Monotypic Not Globally Threatened
110   House Sparrow Passer domesticus domesticus Pardal   Least Concern
111   Spanish Sparrow Passer hispaniolensis hispaniolensis Pardal espanhol   Least Concern
112   Rock Sparrow Petronia petronia petronia Pardal francês   Not Globally Threatened
113   Common Waxbill Estrilda astrild astrild or E.a. jagoensis Bico de lacre   Not Globally Threatened
114   Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs coelebs Tentilhão   Not Globally Threatened
115   European Serin Serinus serinus Milheirinha Monotypic Least Concern
116   European Greenfinch Carduelis chloris vanmarli Verdilhão   Not Globally Threatened
117   European Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis parva Pintassilgo   Not Globally Threatened
118   Common Linnet Carduelis cannabina mediterranea Pintarroxo   Not Globally Threatened
119   Eurasian Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula pyrrhula Dom fafe   Not Globally Threatened
120   Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes coccothraustes Bico grossudo   Least Concern
121   Corn Bunting Emberiza calandra calandra Trigueirão   Least Concern

 

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