Portugal Wildlife

Guide to the Birds of a Wildlife Reserve in Baixo Alentejo

All Photographs were taken by the website author on the reserve unless otherwise stated.

Species Notes Photographs Photographs Photographs

Little Grebe

Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis

Mergulhão pequeno
Breeding Resident.

Adult Little Grebe.

Three Little Grebe chicks.

Little Grebe with Four chicks, one riding on Adult's back.

 

 

Juvenile Little Grebe with Dragonfly larva prey.

Little Grebe, probably a female,with (at least) 2 day or two day-old Chicks on her back.

Little Grebe with just its head above water. Little Grebes do this when they have seen possible threats and keep themselves partly hidden until they are safe to come fully to the surface.

 

 

Territorial Male Little Grebe chasing away rival male.

Little Grebe chick with prey - possibly a Larval Newt.

Juvenile Little Grebe and parent close by.

 

 

Little Grebe in non-breeding plumage. Probably a grown up chick from an earlier or last year's brood.

Adult.

Little Grebe chick swallowing prey.

 

 

Little Grebe with prey in bill. Probably a large tadpole of some sort.

Chick losing its stripes as it moults into Juvenile plumage.

Little Grebe nest platform at edge of Windmill Pond (in centre of photograph).

 

 

Little Grebe in safety-mode, partly submerged.

Adult Little Grebe with its three chicks.

Photographed on the same day (Late May) as the adult with chicks. A new Little Grebe nest with four eggs.

 

 

Little Grebe diving.

Three Little Grebe chicks.

 

 

Little Grebe sitting on floating nest at edge of Windmill Pond.

 

 

Adult Little Grebe.

Both Parents and two of their youngsters.

Great Cormorant

Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis

Corvo marinho

Passage/Winter Migrant.

 

 

 

 

Squacco Heron

Ardeola ralloides ralloides

Papa ratos

Rare Passage/Winter migrant.

Hunting for Iberian Water Frogs

One of only a very few records of a Squacco Heron in inland Alentejo.

 

 

Cattle Egret

Bubulcus ibis ibis

Carraceiro

Resident.

Cattle Egret in breeding plumage.

 

 

Non-Breeding Plumage.

 

 

Flock feeding at Windmill Pond.

 

Cattle Egret sitting on back of beef cattle in neighbouring farm.

Little Egret

Egretta garzetta garzetta

Garça branca
Resident.

Little Egret showing off magnificent breeding plumes (aigrettes) (in February) and diagnostic yellow feet.

 

 

Note Yellow feet.

 

Grey Heron 

Ardea cinerea cinerea

Garça real

Resident.

Breeding plumage Adult.

Adult.

 

 

Sitting on top of Iberian Holm Oak at Sunset.

Juvenile Grey Heron

 

 

At night.

 

Black Stork

Ciconia nigra

Cegonha preta

Occasional.

 

 

 

 

Two Black Storks feeding at Windmill Pond.

 

White Stork

Ciconia ciconia ciconia

Cegonha branca

Seen daily in breeding season flying over the reserve. Resident. Breed just outside the reserve. Leave the area ± August to October.

White Stork with a Coloured leg-ring foraging at our Spring on 6th January 2018. This bird is 21 years old ! It was ringed in Portugal a distance of 12km away, on 26th May 1997. 20 Years, 7 Months and 11 Days before it was spotted at our reserve.

White Stork drinking at Windmill Pond.

 

 

Part of a flock of around 30 white storks over the reserve

 

 

 

 

Probably a young male White Stork displaying next to a man-made stork nest platform on the Windmill ruin, hoping to attract a mate. It is likely he has not bred before. If he can find a mate they could nest year after year at the same nest site.

White Stork stood on top of the Windmill ruin. The stork had been making Bill Clapping noises - part of the stork's breeding display. The Windmill has a stork nest platform on it. So maybe at some time a pair of White Storks will nest there. Possibly even this breeding season.

 

 

White Stork carrying nesting material to its nest just outside the reserve.

Glossy Ibis

Plegadis falcinellus

Ibis preto
Migrant.

Flock of 21 Glossy Ibis.

 

 

 

   

 

Photographed elsewhere, not on the reserve.

Eurasian Spoonbill

Platalea leucorodia leucorodia

Colhereiro
Migrant.

Two Juvenile Eurasian Spoonbills (with black wing tips) flying off from Windmill Pond.

 

 

 

 

Eurasian Spoonbill at 5am next to Windmill Pond.

 

 

 

Eurasian Spoonbill at 3.25am at Windmill Pond.

 

Eurasian Spoonbill photographed nearby (± 25km). This bird is a juvenile with bllack on primary tips and a pinkish bill.

 

 

Eurasian Spoonbill photographed nearby. This bird is a non-breeding adult with white primary tips and a black bill.

Colour-ringed Eurasian Spoonbill photographed nearby. This bird was ringed as a pullus (chick) in Krammer-Volkerak, Slaakeiland, Holland, on 2nd June 2018.

 

Eurasian Spoonbill photographed feeding in pond nearby.

Gadwall

Anas strepera strepera

Frisada
Resident.

Female on left, male on the right.

 

Female

Female.

Pair of Gadwall. Male on left, female on right.

 

 

Female Gadwall with Nine Ducklings !

Female Gadwall with Nine Ducklings.

Part of brood of Nine Gadwall ducklings.

 

 

Female Gadwall with Nine Ducklings.

Nine Gadwall Ducklings.

 

 

 

Mallard

Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos

Pato real
Resident.

Male in full breeding plumage, early March.

Female, with body flattened low against the water, hiding from two fighting males.

Female.

 

 

June: Well-grown Mallard Fledglings.

 

 

April 24th 2019: Mallards with small ducklings.

Female Mallard flapping wings and showing diagnostic Blue Speculum.

Female Mallard feeding.

European Honey-Buzzard

Pernis apivorus

Bútio vespeiro
Summer Migrant.

Not yet photographed on the reserve.

 

 

Blackshouldered Kite

Elanus caeruleus caeruleus

Peneireiro cinzento
Redsident. Seen regularly quartering the reserve and hovering while hunting for food. resident.

Hovering while hunting.

Blackshouldered Kite at top of Iberian Holm Oak, being mobbed by Iberian Azurewinged Magpies.

 

 

Blackshouldered Kite attacking Carrion Crow.

 

 

Now the Carrion Crow is attacking the Blackshouldered Kite.

Size Comparison: Blackshouldered Kite above and Red Kite below

 

 

Juvenile.

Blackshouldered Kite perched atop Iberian Holm Oak at Sunset.

Black Kite

Milvus migrans migrans

Milhafre preto
Summer Migrant.

 

 

 

 

Photographed in Catalonia, Spain

Photographed in Catalonia, Spain

Red Kite

Milvus milvus milvus

Milhafre real

Seen regularly.

Resident and Winter Migrant.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Red Kite chasing Eurasian Buzzard.

Red Kite attacking Eurasian Buzzard.

 

 

 

Egyptian Vulture

Neophron percnopterus percnopterus

Britango

Seen occasionally.

Summer Visitor.

This worldwide status of this species is:

ENDANGERED

Juvenile.

Juvenile.

Juvenile.

Griffon Vulture

Gyps fulvus fulvus

Grifo

Seen occasionally.

Resident.

 

 

 

 

Griffon Vulture. One of seven that flew over the reserve one June morning.

 

 

Part of group of 50 to 60 Griffon Vultures (10th October 2018).

Griffon Vulture photographed in pre-Pyrenees in Catalonia, Spain.

Flock of Griffon Vultures soaring, photographed in pre-Pyrenees in Catalonia, Spain.

Black Vulture

Aegypius monachus

Abutre preto

Seen occasionally.

The Black Vulture is classified as "Near Threatened" on the IUCN Red List published by the International Union for Conservation of Nature.

Black Vulture and Griffon Vulture.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Short-toed Snake-Eagle

Circaetus gallicus

Águia cobreira

Seen regularly quartering the reserve and hovering while hunting for food. Summer Breeding Visitor.

Hovering while Hunting.

 

 

Pair of Short-toed Snake-Eagles performing aerial breeding display.

 

 

 

Hovering.

Western Marsh Harrier

Circus aeruginosus aeruginosus

Águia sapeira
Occasional.

Female.

 

Male Marsh Harrier photographed in Catalonia, Spain

Hen Harrier

Circus cyaneus

Tartaranhão cinzento
Winter Visitor (August to April). Not yet photographed on the reserve.

 

 

Montagu's Harrier

Circus pygargus

Águia caçadeira
Regularly seen quartering the reserve looking for prey. Especially males. Summer Breeding Migrant. (March to October).

Male.

 

 

Male Montagu's Harrier carrying prey - probably a gamebird such as a Quail.

Male Montagu's Harrier carrying prey.

Photograph not taken in the reserve. Male.

Eurasian Sparrowhawk

Accipiter nisus nisus

Gavião
Resident. Occasional.

Immature Eurasian Sparrowhawk recovering after having flown into a window.

Circling after failed attempt to catch a Common Chiffchaff in an Iberian Oak tree next to Windmill Pond.

 

 

Probably a female Eurasian Sparrowhawk. Females are much larger than males.

 

 

Probably a female Eurasian Sparrowhawk. Females are much larger than males.

Eurasian Buzzard

Buteo buteo buteo

Águia d'asa redonda
Seen regularly quartering the reserve and hovering while hunting for food. Resident.

 

 

Eurasian Buzzard being chased by Red Kite.

 

 

Common Buzzard hunting over a Rabbit warren.

 

 

 

 

Iberian Imperial Eagle

Aquila adalberti

Águia imperial
Immature seen in June. Not yet photographed on the reserve.    

Booted Eagle

Hieraaetus pennatus

Águia calçada
Summer Breeding Migrant.

 

Booted Eagle with Redlegged Partridge prey in talons.

Dark morph (dark phase) booted eagle.

 

 

Dark morph.

Pale Phase Booted Eagle.

 

 

The white patches where the wings meet the body are often referred to as 'headlights' and are a characteristic of this species of eagle.

 

 

The rounded head of a Booted Eagle is another identifying feature.

Dark morph.

Dark morph showing upper wing pattern.

Bonelli's Eagle

Hieraaetus fasciata fasciata

Águia perdigueira
Occasional .

 

Common Kestrel

Falco tinnunculus tinnunculus

Peneireiro
Resident.

Male.

Female Common Kestrel hunting from perch on electricity cable. It is hoped this female will pair with the male seen at the kestrel nest box this Spring.

Male.

 

 

Male Common Kestrel hunting for Mediterranean Pine Voles from the Kestrel Nest Box (December 2018). First sighting of a Kestrel at the nest box ! Fingers crossed the Kestrels will nest in 2019.

Male.

 

 

Male.

Male hovering.

 

 

Common Kestrel hovering while hunting.

Photograph not taken in the reserve. Male.

Peregrine Falcon

Falco peregrinus brookei

Falcão peregrino
Occasional.

First year Peregrine Falcon (Photo by Simon).

First year Peregrine Falcon (Photo by Simon).

 

 

Redlegged Partridge

Alectoris rufa hispanica

Perdiz
Breeding Resident.

Calling.

Redlegged Partridge Chick.

 

 

Redlegged Partridge Chick.

Adult Redlegged Partridge with 12 Chicks.

 

 

Redlegged Partridge and Eleven chicks at Hide Pond.

 

 

Family party of Redlegged Partridges - with well-grown young.

Adult with 5 young (of 7 in total)

 

 

Pair of Redlegged Partridge.

Common Quail

Coturnix coturnix coturnix

Codorniz
Summer Visitor/Migrant. Possible Resident.

 

 

Male singing 45 minutes before Sunrise.

 

 

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Click Icon Above to play Song of Common Quail. The song is rendered as “quid di-dik”, a three note song, repeated at intervals - typically around 4–8 times in succession, every 2–5 seconds.

 

 

 

Common Moorhen

Gallinula chloropus chloropus

Galinha d’água
Juveniles seen in late Summer.

Juvenile Common Moorhen.

Juvenile Common Moorhen.

Juvenile Common Moorhen.

Eurasian Stone-Curlew

Burhinus oedicnemus oedicnemus

Alcaravão
Occasionally heard at nght. Not yet photographed on the reserve.    

Collared Pratincole

Glareola pratincola pratincola

Perdiz do mar
Just one sighting of a small flock flying around and calling. Not yet photographed on the reserve.    

Little Ringed Plover

Charadrius dubius curonicus

Borrelho pequeno de coleira
Summer Visitor. (March to October).

A migrant visitor, a Little Ringed Plover at the edge of Windmill Pond. Note the diagnostic yellow eye-ring.

Northern Lapwing

Vanellus vanellus

Abibe

Winter Visitor.

 

 

 

Northern Lapwing photographed at a nearby location.

 

Common Snipe

Gallinago gallinago gallinago

Narceja
Winter Visitor (September to April).

Two Common Snipe Displaying: Quite unusual behaviour.

Two Common Snipe Displaying: I have not read about this behaviour.

Two Common Snipe Displaying: Normally displaying occurs much later in Spring and more usually at the breeding grounds.

 

 

Common Snipe showing how flexible the upper mandible is. The ability to bend the upper mandible towards its tip is known as Rhynchokinesis. It is unique to waders, cranes, swifts and hummingbirds. It is thought to be a comfort action form of stretching. It is quite unusual to see, though this snipe performed it a dozen or so times over a period of a few minutes.

Preening.

Scratching head.

 

 

Showing tail feather spread out.

Feeding.

New Year's Day: Two Common Snipe feeding at Windmill Pond.

 

 

Crouching.

Group of three Common Snipes foraging in Windmill Pond.

 

 

Stretching wing during preening.

With bill wide open.

Creeping low to ground.

 

 

 

 

Feeding.

 

 

Feeding.

Common Snipe crouched down in damp grasses near spring.

 

Common Greenshank

Tringa nebularia

Perna verde
Passage/Winter. (July to April).

Note dull green legs that give this wader its name.

 

Characteristic call given when flying away: "Tew, Tew, Tew".

Green Sandpiper

Tringa ochropus

Maçarico bique bique
Passage/Winter. (June to April).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     

Common Sandpiper

Actitis hypoleucos

Maçarico das rochas
Resident/Passage migrant/Winter Visitor.

Preening.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At edge of Windmill Pond.

 

Exhibiting alert posture.

Flying with characteristic rapid, shallow wing beats on stiff, curved wings, showing white wingbar.

 

 

 

In typical flight style, but with head raised.

 

 

 

Lesser Blackbacked Gull

Larus fuscus graellsii

Gaivota d'asa escura

Passage Migrant.

 

Flock of around 50 Lesser Blackbacked Gulls.

 

Yellowlegged Gull

Larus michahellis michahellis

Gaivota de patas amarelas
Occasional.  

Common Wood Pigeon

Columba palumbus palumbus

Pombo torcaz
Resident. In winter very large flock over ± 200-300 in Iberian Holm Oaks.

Part of Winter flock of 70+ Common Woodpigeons. They congregate in the reserve to eat the abundant Iberian Holm Oak acorns.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Part of flock of 20 or 30 Common Woodpigeons.

   

Eurasian Collared Dove

Streptopelia decaocto

Rola turca
Seen daily. Very common resident.

 

 

Partially Leucistic Eurasian Collared Dove.

Breaking the ice on the pond one December morning in order to drink.

 

 

Most birds have to take water into their beak and then ift their head up to let the water flow down their throat. Doves and Pigeons are among the few types of birds that can suck up water while their beak remains in the water. So birds such as this Eurasian Collared Dove are much quicker at drinking than most birds.

So while other birds have to keep bobbing their head in and out of the water, a Dove is able to take a good long drink in one go.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eurasian Collared Dove sitting down on horizontal branch of Iberian Holm Oak.

 

 

Great Spotted Cuckoo

Clamator glandarius

Cuco rabilongo
Summer Visitor.

Not yet photographed on the reserve.

   

Common Cuckoo

Cuculus canorus bangsi

Cuco
Common in Spring and early Summer. Lots of birds calling. Summer Breeding Migrant.

Common Cuckoo performing display flight while singing.

   

Common Barn Owl

Tyto alba alba

Coruja das torres
Breeding Resident.

Rescued Barn Owl released back into our Reserve.

 

 

 

24th February 2019: Yaay ! A pair of Common Barn Owls have chosen to nest in our Barn Owl Nest Box that was erected on the side of our Windmill Ruin.

Already the Barn Owls have laid three eggs. Clutches can vary from between 2 and 16 eggs.

 

 

A Common Barn Owl bathing in a Winterbourne Stream.

 

 

 

 

Barn owl at hide pond at night.

 

 

 

 

Sequence of TrailCam Photos showing Common Barn Owl bathing.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eurasian Scops Owl

Otus scops mallorcae

Mocho d’orelhas
Summer Visitor/Passage Migrant.

Not yet photographed on the reserve.

 

 

Eurasian Eagle Owl

Bubo bubo hispanus

Bufo real
Occasional.

June: These feathers were all found in the nature reserve. Subsequently a dead owl was discovered in an oaktree below the electricity company's wires next to an electricity pole. It is presumed the bird hit the wires and died. And then fell into the oak tree and got stuck on a branch.

 

The Eurasian Eagle Owl is the World's heaviest owl. Males can weigh up to 2.8 kg while females can be as heavy as 4.2 kg.

Little Owl

Athene noctua vidalii

Mocho galego

Common Breeding Resident.

Often heard calling, day and night.

Little Owl bringing insect food to nest hole in Olive Tree

June 8th: Fledgling Little Owl stood at entrance to nest hole in Iberian Holm Oak, hissing quietly.

Little Owl taking food into nest hole in Olive tree.

 

 

May 19th: Little Owl chick stood next to nest hole in Iberian Holm Oak (on left).

Little owl with Bush-Cricket prey.

Little Owl with white facial feathers exposed - Presumably to make it look more threatening while being mobbed by Iberian Azurewinged Magpies.

 

 

Adult.

Two Little Owlets at nest hole.

Adult perched in a Iberian Holm Oak, keeping an eye on it's nearby nest site in an old Olive tree.

 

 

Little Owl chick looking out of nest hole in Iberian Holm Oak.

Little Owlet.

 

Fledgling.

 

 

Fledgling.

Little Owl with Insect prey

Little Owl perched in Iberian Holm Oak keeping an eye on its nest site in adjacent Olive tree.

 

 

Adult perched on olive tree nest site.

 

Tawny Owl

Strix aluco sylvatica

Coruja do mato
Resident.

 

 

 

Sequence of 12 photos showing Tawny Owl bathing in Hide Pond.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Finally, a nice clean Tawny Owl !

 

 

Tawny Owl drinking.

 

Longeared Owl

Asio otus otus

Bufo pequeno
Resident.

Longeared Owl hunting rodents at night.

 

Rednecked Nightjar

Caprimulgus ruficollis ruficollis

Noitibó de nuca vermelha
Summer Resident.

Not yet photographed on the reserve.

 

 

Common Swift

Apus apus apus

Andorinhão preto
Summer Resident.

Common swift in flight, showing small white throat patch and darker plumage than pallid swift.

Adult in flight.

 

 

 

Pallid Swift

Apus pallidus brehmoram

Andorinhão pálido
Summer Resident. Not yet photographed on the reserve.    

Alpine Swift

Tachymarptis melba melba

Andorinhão real
Summer Migrant.  

Common Kingfisher

Alcedo atthis ispida

Guarda rios
Resident.

Male at Bulrush Pond (Bill is all black - Females have an orange lower mandible).

Female.

 

 

Common Kingfisher sitting on post placed in Windmill Pond to attract kingfishers! At Sunset.

Common Kingfisher landing on perch in Windmill Pond.

 

 

Kingfisher after diving into the pond.

Note Orange lower mandible which marks this bird as a female.

 

 

 

European Bee-eater

Merops apiaster

Abelharuco
Breeding Summer Visitor/Migrant. Flock of ± 20 regularly feed over reserve.

Breeding plumage adult in flight.

 

 

 

 

Goodbye for another year ! Part of a gathering of around 40 European Bee-eaters getting ready to migrate to Africa for the Winter. This was our last sightiing for 2018 - presumably of a pre-migration flock.

Eurasian Hoopoe

Upupa epops epops

Poupa
Seen regularly. Breeding Resident.

 

 

Singing

 

 

Feeding.

 

Eurasian Wryneck

Jynx torquilla torquilla

Torcicolo
Occasional.    

Iberian Green Woodpecker

Picus sharpie

Peto real
Commonly heard and seen Resident.

Adult Male with red malar stripe.

 

 

A male Iberian Green Woodpecker.

Adult female with black malar stripe.

Adult.

 

 

Juvenile.

Juvenile.

Adult female.

Great Spotted Woodpecker

Dendrocopos major hispanus

Pica pau malhardo
Regularly heard or seen. Resident.

Male with characteristic red nape.

 

 

On Cork Oak

Male, showing characteristic red nape.

Hammering at Cork Oak bark in search for insect food.

 

 

Coming in to land at pond.

Coming in to land at pond.

 

Lesser Spotted Woodpecker           

Dendrocopos minor buturlini

Pica pau galego
Resident.

Female.

Female.

 

Female.

 

Crested Lark

Galerida cristata pallida

Cotovia de poupa
Resident.

With crest lowered.

 

 

The warm buffy-orange underwing is characteristic of a Crested Lark. The similar-looking Thekla Lark has a greyish underwing).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Crested Lark drinking at Windmill Pond.

Trail Camera of Crested Lark showing buffy-orange underwing. This feature distinguishes it from the very similar Thekla Lark which by contrast has a greyish underwing.

 

Thekla Lark

Galerida theklae theklae

Cotovia escura
Resident.

 

 

Singing.

Scratching.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Singing.

 

Woodlark

Lullula arborea pallida

Cotovia dos bosques
The Commonest lark on the Reserve. Often sings at night. Resident.

Woodlark collecting nesting material (mid February).

Woodlark dust-bathing.

 

 

 

Woodlark at Windmill Pond.

Pair of Woodlarks.

 

 

Woodlark collecting nesting material in February.

Eurasian Skylark

Alauda arvensis sierra

Laverca
Resident.  

Sand Martin

Riparia riparia riparia

Andorinha das barrieras
Summer Resident.  

Sand Martin. Photo by Simon

 

Eurasian Crag Martin

Ptyonoprogne rupestris

Andorinha das rochas
Migrant. Not yet photographed on the reserve.    

Barn Swallow

Hirundo rustica rustica

Andorinha das chaminés
Common Breeding Summer Resident.

Barn Swallow singing.

Collecting Mud for Nest-Building.

 

 

Sitting on electricity cables.

Adult in flight.

In flight showing dark rump.

 

 

Fledgling.

Juvenile in flight - note duller plumage and shorter tail.

Adult in flight.

 

 

On nest.

Shaking water drops off, causing its head to be upside down in flight.

 

 

Collecting nest building material.

Collecting mud for nest-building.

Redrumped Swallow

Cecropis daurica rufula

Andorinha dáurica
Summer Breeding Resident.

Adult in flight showing pale rump.

 

 

Nest on underside of road bridge.

House Martin

Delichon urbicum meridionale

Andorinha dos beirais
Summer Visitor.

Juvenile House Martin.

Adult.

Meadow Pipit

Anthus pratensis pratensis

Petinha dos prados
Winter visitor. Approximately October to April.

 

 

 

 

Grey Wagtail

Motacilla cinerea cinerea

Alvéola cinzenta
Resident.

White Wagtail

Motacilla alba alba

Alvéola branca
Resident.

Male in Winter plumage - with white chin and forehead.

Male in Summer plumage with black throat.

Juvenile.

 

 

Winter plumage - with white chin and forehead.

Male - Summer.

Male in Winter plumage - with white chin and forehead.

 

 

Adult Male.

Summer plumage Adult.

 

 

White Wagtails are year-round residents on the reserve, like this Male in Winter plumage - with white chin and forehead.

 

Dunnock

Prunella modularis modularis

Ferreirinha
Winter Visitor. (October to April)    

European Robin

Erithacus rubecula

Two sub-species can occur: E.r. melophilus and E.r. rubecula

Pisco de peito ruivo
Common Winter Visitor. Some may be resident.

 

   

Common Nightingale           

Luscinia megarhynchos megarhynchos

Rouxinol
Heard singing in Spring/Summer. Summer visitor. (March to October).

Photo by Chris.

Tail cocked in distinctive, characteristic pose. Photo by Chris.

Nighingales are most often found in thick scrub, hence their reputation for being difficult to see. Photo by Chris.

 

 

Thick scrub is the preferred breeding habitat for Nightingales. Here the bird is in a mixture of Iberian Holm Oak and Gum Cistus scrub. Photo by Chris.

 

 

 

 

Black Redstart

Phoenicurus ochruros gibraltariensis

Rabirruivo
Common Winter Visitor.

Male

Male

 

 

Male.

Female standing on part of nesting sandbank structure.

 

Common Redstart

Phoenicurus phoenicurus phoenicurus

Rabirruivo de testa branca
Migrant Visitor.

Juvenile.

 

 

Eurasian Stonechat

Saxicola torquatus rubicola

Cartaxo
Common Breeding Resident.

Female with nesting material in its bill.

Male singing from top of Iberian Holm Oak sapling.

 

 

Female.

Male

Female collecting nesting Material (February).

 

 

Female.

 

 

Juvenile.

 

 

Northern Wheatear

Oenanthe oenanthe libanotica

Chasco cinzento
Autumn Migrant.

Juvenile.

 

 

   

Blackeared Wheatear

Oenanthe hispanica hispanica

Chasco ruivo
Summer Migrant Visitor.

Male dark-throated morph.

   

Common Blackbird

Turdus merula merula

Melro
Common Breeding Resident.

Female.

Male.

Female with spider prey in bill.

 

 

Juvenile.

Close up of Male.

Female common blackbird washing prey (spider) before eating it.

 

 

Female drinking.

Female.

 

 

Juvenile.

Juvenile showiing well spotted breast - which distinguishes its plumage from that of an adult female.

Juvenile drinking.

 

 

Adult Female.

Male Common Blackbird about to drink at Windmill Pond. Iberian Water Frog in foreground !

 

Song Thrush

Turdus philomelos clarkei

Tordo pinto
Winter Visitor.

 

 

Mistle Thrush

Turdus viscivorus viscivorus

Tordoveia
Resident.

 

 

Zitting Cisticola (Fantailed Warbler)

Cisticola juncidis cisticola

Fuinha dos juncos
Breeding Resident.

Zitting Cisticolas are birds of open grassland and meadows.

 

 

Zitting Cisticola Singing (early March).

 

 

 

 

 

Western Olivaceous Warbler (or Isabelline Warbler)

Hippolais opaca

Felosa pálida
Summer Migrant Visitor. Not yet photographed on the reserve.    

Melodious Warbler

Hippolais polyglotta

Felosa poliglota
Summer Migrant Visitor.  

Dartford Warbler

Sylvia undata undata

Toutinegra do mato
Resident.

Male Dartford Warbler.

   

Sardinian Warbler

Sylvia melanocephala melanocephala

Toutinegra dos valados
Breeding Resident.

Male.

Male.

Male.

 

 

Juvenile Sardinian warbler.

Juvenile.

Female - with red eye-ring.

 

 

Female.

Juvenile.

Juvenile.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Subalpine Warbler

Sylvia cantillans iberiae

Toutinegra de bigodes
Summer Migrant Visitor.

Male, showing bluish-grey head and upperparts.

Male.

Male Subalpine Warbler (screen grab ex video clip)

 

 

 

 

Orphean Warbler

Sylvia hortensis

Toutinegra real
Migrant Visitor. Not yet photographed on the reserve.    

Common Whitethroat

Sylvia communis communis

Papa amoras
Summer Visitor.    

Eurasian Blackcap

Sylvia atricapilla heinekin

Toutinegra de barrete
Winter Visitor or Resident.

Male

Female

Female

Western Bonelli's Warbler

Phylloscopus bonelli

Felosa de papo branco
Summer Breeding Migrant. Not yet photographed on the reserve.    

Common Chiffchaff

Phylloscopus collybita collybita

Felosinha

Abundant Winter Migrant (they over-winter). Approximately October to March.

 

 

With prey in bill.

 

 

Hunting for insect prey over Windmill Pond.

Hunting for insect prey over pond.

 

 

 

 

Iberian Chiffchaff

Phylloscopus ibericus

Felosinha ibérica

Summer Breeding Visitor. Approximately February to October. Not yet photographed on the reserve.    

Willow Warbler

Phylloscopus trochilus trochilus

Felosinha musical

Non-Breeding Migrant Visitor. Approximately March to May and July to October.

 

 

Bathing.

 

 

 

 

Spotted Flycatcher

Muscicapa striata striata

Taralhão cinzento
Summer Resident and/or Migrant.

Sexes are alike.

Spotted flycatcher eating wasp.

Pied Flycatcher

Ficedula hypoleuca

Papa moscas
Autumn/Winter Migrant. Several sub-species could occur.

Female or Immature perched in shady Iberian Holm Oak.

Female or Immature.

Female or Immature.

 

 

 

 

Longtailed Tit (Bushtit)

Aegithalos caudatus irbii

Chapim rabilongo
Resident.

 

 

Showing relative sizes of Longtailed Tit and Blue Tit.

 

 

European Crested Tit

Lophophanes cristatus weigoldi

Chapim de poupa
Resident.

Blue Tit

Parus caeruleus ogliastrae

Chapim azul
Very Common Breeding Resident.

 

Adult.

Juvenile.

Adult Calling.

 

 

Juvenile - with yellow cheeks.

Juvenile with wings extended.

 

 

Bathing.

Juvenile, showing characteristic yellow cheeks.

 

 

Blue Tit in classic 'hanging upside down' position.

 

 

Great Tit

Parus major corsus

Chapim real
Common Breeding Resident.

Bringing Food to Nestlings.

Adult exiting nest box.

 

 

Drinking.

 

 

Juvenile at pond. Note duller plumage and cheeks not pure white.

 

 

 

 

Eurasian Nuthatch

Sitta europaea hispaniensis

Trepadeira azul
Common Breeding Resident.

 

 

Eurasian Nuthatch putting mud at entrance to nest box to make the entrance hole smaller to keep out House Sparrows and Spotless Starlings.

 

 

Eurasian Nuthatch in classic head-downward pose. Nuthatches are one of the few types of bird that can run up and down a vertical tree trunk.

 

 

Short-toed Treecreeper

Certhia brachydactyla megarhynchos

Trepadeira
Common Breeding Resident.

 

     

Eurasian Golden Oriole

Oriolus oriolus

Papa figos
Summer Breeding Visitor. Occasionally seen and heard.

Calling while perched in Fig Tree.

 

 

Female.

 

 

Such a difficult bird to see and photograph !

 

Iberian Grey Shrike

Lanius meridionalis meridionalis

Picanço real
Common Breeding Resident.

Iberian Grey Shrike preening at pond.

 

 

 

 

Woodchat Shrike

Lanius senator rutilans

Picanço barreteiro
Summer Breeding Migrant.

 

Male singing.

Woodchat Shrike coughing up pellet of undigested food items, presumably mostly insect carapaces.

 

Female.

 

 

Male.

Pair of Woodchat Shrikes. The Male is on the left.

 

 

Juvenile Woodchat Shrike.

Male.

 

 

 

 

Content on this page requires a newer version of Adobe Flash Player.

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Click above icon to play short Movie of Male Woodchat Shrike Singing.

 

Female.

Eurasian Jay

Garrulus glandarius fasciatus

Gaio
Common Resident.

 

 

Landing at pond. Showing beautiful blue and black feathering on wings (primary coverts).

Iberian Azurewinged Magpie

Cyanopica cooki

Charneco
Very Common Breeding Resident. Seen and heard daily. Endemic to Iberia.

Juvenile food-begging, with bill wide open, showing red gape, and wings held half-open while being vibrated.

 

 

Juvenile Calling - possibly food-begging, with wings half-spread.

 

 

Juvenile swallowing water.

Juvenile.

 

 

Juvenile Food-begging - calling and shivering half-open wings.

Juvenile bathing.

Close up of Juvenile - showing white speckling on head.

 

 

Juvenile, head thrown back, swallowing water.

 

 

 

 

Carrion Crow

Corvus corone corone

Gralha preta
Resident.

Carrion Crow being mobbed by flock of Iberian Azurewinged Magpies

 

 

Blackshouldered Kite chasing a Carrion Crow.

Now the Carrion Crow is chasing the Blackshouldered Kite

 

 

 

Northern Raven

Corvus corax

Corvo
Resident.

 

 

Note characteristic wedge-shaped tail.

 

Spotless Starling

Sturnus unicolor

Estorninho preto
Very Common Breeding Resident.

 

Adult, breeding plumage.

Spotless Starling stood in Windmill Pond to drink.

Winter Plumage - when Spotless starlings have spots.

 

 

Spotless Starling trying, but failing, to get into a nest box. The mud put at the entrance by an Eurasian Nuthatch has made the hole too small for a Starling to fit through.

 

 

Spotless Starling showing aggression towards female Common Blackbird.

Nestlings Begging for Food.

 

 

Adult and Juvenile at Hide Pond.

Adult drinking, breeding plumage.

House Sparrow

Passer domesticus domesticus

Pardal
Very Common Breeding Resident. Seen and heard daily.

Female.

Male - Winter Plumage. Note grey cheeks which distinguish it from the similar Spanish Sparrow,

Female Bringing Food to Nestlings.

 

 

Juvenile still showiing yellow sides to gape.

Male in Summer plumage.

Female.

 

 

Female.

Male drinking.

Female.

 

 

Wet from bathing.

Male.

Male.

Spanish Sparrow

Passer hispaniolensis hispaniolensis

Pardal espanhol
Resident.

Female.

 

Male.

Male bathing.

 

 

Male. Showing completely chestnut cap.

Male. Showing extensive black on breast and white cheeks - which distinguish it from the similar House Sparrow.

Male. Showing heavily marked back.

 

 

Male drinking.

Male showing full chestnut cap and nape.

Rock Sparrow

Petronia petronia petronia

Pardal francês
Resident.

Flight shot showing the characteristic white tail spots.

 

 

Rock Sparrows at Nesting Bank.

 

Common Waxbill

Estrilda astrild astrild or E.a. jagoensis

Bico de lacre
Resident.

Not yet photographed on the reserve.

This species has been introduced to Portugal from Africa.

 

Chaffinch

Fringilla coelebs coelebs

Tentilhão
Resident.

Male landing on rock in pond.

Male (front) and Female (back) at edge of Windmill Pond to drink.

Male.

 

 

Female landing at pond.

Male Chaffinch - Winter

Female Chaffinch - Winter

 

 

Female.

Drinking.

 

 

 

 

European Serin

Serinus serinus

Milheirinha
Winter Visitor. Can be Resident.

Male European Serin.

Female.

Drinking at edge of Windmill Pond.

European Greenfinch

Carduelis chloris vanmarli

Verdilhão
Resident.  

European Goldfinch

Carduelis carduelis parva

Pintassilgo
Seen Regularly. Breeding Resident.

Common Linnet

Carduelis cannabina mediterranea

Pintarroxo
Occasional. Resident.

Male.

Male.

 

 

A male Common Linnet singing atop an Iberian Holm Oak.

Male Common Linnet (on left) courtship feeding his mate.

Female.

 

 

Female Common Linnet collecting nesting material.

Male.

Male.

 

 

Female.

Male on left, Female on right.

 

 

Female.

Eurasian Bullfinch

Pyrrhula pyrrhula pyrrhula

Dom fafe

Wintor Visitor.

Female Eurasian Bullfinch.

Male.

 

Hawfinch

Coccothraustes coccothraustes coccothraustes

Bico grossudo
Rarely seen. Resident.  

Hawfinch. Photo by Simon.

 

Corn Bunting

Emberiza calandra calandra

Trigueirão
Very Common Breeding Resident.

Corn Bunting with insect prey to feed nestlings.

 

 

Singing.

Juvenile Corn Bunting drinking at Windmill Pond.

Singing.

 

 

Bathing.

 

 

Drinking.

Swallowing water.

 

 

Corn Bunting sat on top of young Iberian Holm Oak.

 

 

The chart below shows the IUCN Red list categories. The further towards the right hand side, the more serious are the threats to a particular species.

Bird Species List :

    English Common Name Scientific Name Portuguese Name Monotypic or sub-specific Conservation Status per IUCN Red List
1   Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis Mergulhão pequeno   Least Concern; Population Trend: Decreasing
2   Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis Corvo marinho   Least Concern; Population Trend: Increasing
3   Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides ralloides Papa ratos   Least Concern; Population Trend: Unknown
4   Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis ibis Carraceiro   Least Concern; Population Trend: Increasing
5   Little Egret Egretta garzetta garzetta Garça branca   Least Concern; Population Trend: Increasing
6   Grey Heron Ardea cinerea cinerea Garça real   Least Concern; Population Trend: Unknown
7   Black Stork Ciconia nigra Cegonha preta Monotypic Least Concern; Population Trend: Unknown
8   White Stork Ciconia ciconia ciconia Cegonha branca   Least Concern; Population Trend: Increasing
9   Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus Ibis preto Monotypic Least Concern; Population Trend: Decreasing
10   Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia leucorodia Colhereiro   Least Concern; Population Trend: Unknown
11   Gadwall Anas strepera strepera Frisada   Least Concern; Population Trend: Increasing
12   Mallard Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos Pato real   Least Concern; Population Trend: Increasing
13   European Honey-Buzzard Pernis apivorus Bútio-vespeiro Monotypic Least Concern; Population Trend: Decreasing
14   Blackshouldered Kite Elanus caeruleus caeruleus Peneireiro cinzento   Least Concern; Population Trend: Stable
15   Black Kite Milvus migrans migrans Milhafre preto   Least Concern; Population Trend: Unknown
16   Red Kite Milvus milvus milvus Milhafre real   Near Threatened; Population Trend: Decreasing
17   Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus percnopterus Britango   Endangered; Population Trend: Decreasing
18   Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus fulvus Grifo   Least Concern; Population Trend: Increasing
19   Black Vulture Aegypius monachus Abutre preto Monotypic Near Threatened; Population Trend: Decreasing
20   Short-toed Snake-Eagle Circaetus gallicus Águia cobreira Monotypic Least Concern; Population Trend: Stable
21   Western Marsh Harrier Circus aeruginosus aeruginosus Águia sapeira   Least Concern; Population Trend: Increasing
22   Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus Tartaranhão cinzento Monotypic Least Concern; Population Trend: Decreasing
23   Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus Águia caçadeira Monotypic Least Concern; Population Trend: Decreasing
24   Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus nisus Gavião   Least Concern; Population Trend: Stable
25   Eurasian Buzzard Buteo buteo buteo Águia d'asa redonda   Least Concern; Population Trend: Stable
26   Iberian Imperial Eagle Aquila adalberti Águia imperial Monotypic Vulnerable; Population Trend: Increasing
27   Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus Águia calçada Monotypic Least Concern; Population Trend: Unknown
28   Bonelli's Eagle Hieraaetus fasciata fasciata Águia perdigueira   Least Concern; Population Trend: Decreasing
29   Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus tinnunculus Peneireiro   Least Concern; Population Trend: Decreasing
30   Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus brookei Falcão peregrino   Least Concern; Population Trend: Stable
31   Redlegged Partridge Alectoris rufa hispanica Perdiz   Least Concern; Population Trend: Decreasing
32   Common Quail Coturnix coturnix coturnix Codorniz   Least Concern; Population Trend: Decreasing
33   Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus chloropus Galinha d’água   Least Concern; Population Trend: Stable
34   Eurasian Stone-Curlew Burhinus oedicnemus oedicnemus Alcaravão   Least Concern; Population Trend: Decreasing
35   Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola pratincola Perdiz do mar   Least Concern; Population Trend: Decreasing
36   Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius curonicus Borrelho pequeno de coleira   Least Concern; Population Trend: Stable
37   Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus Abibe Monotypic Near Threatened; Population Trend: Decreasing
38   Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago gallinago Narceja   Least Concern; Population Trend: Decreasing
39   Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia Perna verde Monotypic Least Concern; Population Trend: Stable
40   Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus Maçarico bique bique Monotypic Least Concern; Population Trend: Increasing
41   Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos Maçarico das rochas Monotypic Least Concern; Population Trend: Decreasing
42   Lesser Blackbacked Gull Larus fuscus graellsii Gaivota d'asa escura   Least Concern; Population Trend: Increasing
43   Yellowlegged Gull Larus michahellis michahellis Gaivota de patas amarelas   Least Concern; Population Trend: Increasing
44   Common Woodpigeon Columba palumbus palumbus Pombo torcaz   Least Concern; Population Trend: Increasing
45   Eurasian Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto Rola turca Monotypic Least Concern; Population Trend: Increasing
46   Great Spotted Cuckoo Clamator glandarius Cuco rabilongo Monotypic Least Concern; Population Trend: Stable
47   Common Cuckoo Cuculus canorus bangsi Cuco   Least Concern; Population Trend: Decreasing
48   Common Barn Owl Tyto alba alba Coruja das torres   Least Concern; Population Trend: Stable
49   Eurasian Scops Owl Otus scops mallorcae Mocho d’orelhas   Least Concern; Population Trend: Decreasing
50   Eurasian Eagle Owl Bubo bubo hispanus Bufo real   Least Concern; Population Trend: Decreasing
51   Little Owl Athene noctua vidalii Mocho galego   Least Concern; Population Trend: Stable
52   Tawny Owl Strix aluco sylvatica Coruja do mato   Least Concern; Population Trend: Stable
53   Longeared Owl Asio otus otus Bufo pequeno   Least Concern; Population Trend: Decreasing
54   Rednecked Nightjar Caprimulgus ruficollis ruficollis Noitibó de nuca vermelha   Least Concern; Population Trend: Decreasing
55   Common Swift Apus apus apus Andorinhão preto   Least Concern; Population Trend: Stable
56   Pallid Swift Apus pallidus brehmoram Andorinhão pálido   Least Concern; Population Trend: Stable
57   Alpine Swift Tachymarptis melba melba Andorinhão real   Least Concern; Population Trend: Stable
58   Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis ispida Guarda rios   Least Concern; Population Trend: Unknown
59   European Bee-eater Merops apiaster Abelharuco Monotypic Least Concern; Population Trend: Stable
60   Eurasian Hoopoe Upupa epops epops Poupa   Least Concern; Population Trend: Decreasing
61   Eurasian Wryneck Jynx torquilla torquilla Torcicolo   Least Concern; Population Trend: Decreasing
62   Iberian Green Woodpecker Picus sharpei Peto real Monotypic Near Threatened; Population Trend: Decreasing
63   Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major hispanus Pica pau malhardo   Least Concern; Population Trend: Increasing
64   Lesser Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos minor buturlini Pica pau galego   Least Concern; Population Trend: Decreasing
65   Crested Lark Galerida cristata pallida Cotovia de poupa   Least Concern; Population Trend: Decreasing
66   Thekla Lark Galerida theklae theklae Cotovia escura   Least Concern; Population Trend: Decreasing
67   Woodlark Lullula arborea pallida Cotovia dos bosques   Least Concern; Population Trend: Increasing
68   Eurasian Skylark Alauda arvensis sierrae Laverca   Least Concern; Population Trend: Decreasing
69   Sand Martin Riparia riparia riparia Andorinha das barreiras   Least Concern; Population Trend: Decreasing
70   Eurasian Crag Martin Ptyonoprogne rupestris Andorinha das rochas Monotypic Least Concern; Population Trend: Stable
71   Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica rustica Andorinha das chaminés   Least Concern; Population Trend: Decreasing
72   Redrumped Swallow Cecropis daurica rufula Andorinha dáurica   Least Concern; Population Trend: Stable
73   House Martin Delichon urbicum meridionale Andorinha dos beirais   Least Concern; Population Trend: Decreasing
74   Meadow Pipit Anthus pratensis pratensis Petinha dos prados   Near Threatened; Population Trend: Decreasing
75   Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea cinerea Alvéola cinzenta   Least Concern; Population Trend: Stable
76   White Wagtail Motacilla alba alba Alvéola branca   Least Concern; Population Trend: Stable
77   Dunnock Prunella modularis modularis Ferreirinha   Least Concern; Population Trend: Decreasing
78   European Robin Erithacus rubecula melophilus or E.r. rubecula Pisco de peito ruivo   Least Concern; Population Trend: Increasing
79   Common Nightingale Luscinia megarhynchos megarhynchos Rouxinol   Least Concern; Population Trend: Stable
80   Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros gibraltariensis Rabirruivo   Least Concern; Population Trend: Increasing
81   Common Redstart Phoenicurus phoenicurus phoenicurus Rabirruivo de testa branca   Least Concern; Population Trend: Increasing
82   Eurasian Stonechat Saxicola torquatus rubicola Cartaxo   Least Concern; Population Trend: Stable
83   Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe libanotica Chasco cinzento   Least Concern; Population Trend: Decreasing
84   Blackeared Wheatear Oenanthe hispanica hispanica Chasco ruivo   Least Concern; Population Trend: Decreasing
85   Common Blackbird Turdus merula merula Melro   Least Concern; Population Trend: Increasing
86   Song Thrush Turdus philomelos philomelos Tordo pinto   Least Concern; Population Trend: Increasing
87   Mistle Thrush Turdus viscivorus viscivorus Tordoveia   Least Concern; Population Trend: Decreasing
88   Zitting Cisticola (Fantailed Warbler) Cisticola juncidis cisticola Fuinha dos juncos   Least Concern; Population Trend: Increasing
89   Western Olivaceous Warbler Hippolais opaca Felosa pálida Monotypic Least Concern; Population Trend: Decreasing
90   Melodious Warbler Hippolais polyglotta Felosa poliglota Monotypic Least Concern; Population Trend: Increasing
91   Dartford Warbler Sylvia undata undata Toutinegra do mato   Least Concern; Population Trend: Decreasing
92   Sardinian Warbler Sylvia melanocephala melanocephala Toutinegra dos valados   Least Concern; Population Trend: Increasing
93   Subalpine Warbler Sylvia cantillans iberiae Toutinegra de bigodes   Least Concern; Population Trend: Increasing
94   Orphean Warbler Sylvia hortensis hortensis Toutinegra real   Least Concern; Population Trend: Increasing
95   Common Whitethroat Sylvia communis communis Papa amoras   Least Concern; Population Trend: Increasing
96   Eurasian Blackcap Sylvia atricapilla heinekin Toutinegra de barrete   Least Concern; Population Trend: Increasing
97   Western Bonelli's Warbler Phylloscopus bonelli Felosa de papo branco Monotypic Least Concern; Population Trend: Stable
98   Common Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita collybita Felosinha   Least Concern; Population Trend: Increasing
99   Iberian Chiffchaff Phylloscopus ibericus Felosinha ibérica Monotypic Least Concern; Population Trend: Increasing
100   Willow Warbler Phylloscopus trochilus trochilus Felosinha musical   Least Concern; Population Trend: Decreasing
101   Spotted Flycatcher Muscicapa striata striata Taralhão cinzento   Least Concern; Population Trend: Decreasing
102   Pied Flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca iberiae Papa moscas   Least Concern; Population Trend: Decreasing
103   Longtailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus irbii Chapim rabilongo   Least Concern; Population Trend: Stable
104   European Crested Tit Lophophanes cristatus weigoldi Chapim de poupa   Least Concern; Population Trend: Decreasing
105   Blue Tit Parus caeruleus ogliastrae Chapim azul   Least Concern; Population Trend: Increasing
106   Great Tit Parus major corsus Chapim real   Least Concern; Population Trend: Increasing
107   Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaea hispaniensis Trepadeira azul   Least Concern; Population Trend: Stable
108   Short-toed Treecreeper Certhia brachydactyla megarhynchos Trepadeira   Least Concern; Population Trend: Increasing
109   Eurasian Golden Oriole Oriolus oriolus Papa figos Monotypic Least Concern; Population Trend: Stable
110   Iberian Grey Shrike Lanius meridionalis meridionalis Picanço real   Vulnerable; Population Trend: Decreasing
111   Woodchat Shrike Lanius senator rutilans Picanço barreteiro   Least Concern; Population Trend: Decreasing
112   Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius fasciatus Gaio   Least Concern; Population Trend: Stable
113   Iberian Azurewinged Magpie Cyanopica cooki Charneco Monotypic Least Concern; Population Trend: Increasing
114   Carrion Crow Corvus corone corone Gralha preta   Least Concern; Population Trend: Increasing
115   Northern Raven Corvus corax hispanus Corvo   Least Concern; Population Trend: Increasing
116   Spotless Starling Sturnus unicolor Estorninho preto Monotypic Least Concern; Population Trend: Increasing
117   House Sparrow Passer domesticus domesticus Pardal   Least Concern; Population Trend: Decreasing
118   Spanish Sparrow Passer hispaniolensis hispaniolensis Pardal espanhol   Least Concern; Population Trend: Decreasing
119   Rock Sparrow Petronia petronia petronia Pardal francês   Least Concern; Population Trend: Increasing
120   Common Waxbill Estrilda astrild astrild or E.a. jagoensis Bico de lacre   Least Concern; Population Trend: Stable
121   Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs coelebs Tentilhão   Least Concern; Population Trend: Increasing
122   European Serin Serinus serinus Milheirinha Monotypic Least Concern; Population Trend: Decreasing
123   European Greenfinch Carduelis chloris vanmarli Verdilhão   Least Concern; Population Trend: Stable
124   European Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis parva Pintassilgo   Least Concern; Population Trend: Increasing
125   Common Linnet Carduelis cannabina mediterranea Pintarroxo   Least Concern; Population Trend: Decreasing
126   Eurasian Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula pyrrhula Dom fafe   Least Concern; Population Trend: Decreasing
127   Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes coccothraustes Bico grossudo   Least Concern; Population Trend: Increasing
128   Corn Bunting Emberiza calandra calandra Trigueirão   Least Concern; Population Trend: Decreasing

 

 

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