Portugal Wildlife

Conservation Management of the Wildlife Reserve

The new piece of land incorporated into the nature reserve in June 2017 includes a river and a large pond, Windmill Pond. The pond measures around 114m by 42m and is around 3,000 sq m in extent. It is fedpartly by a natural underground Spring and a river that flows in the Autumn/WInter. This extra habitat now means that a variety of water birds are found on the reserve, such as little grebes and ducks (mallard).

In 2017 the nature reserve was increased in size from 12 Hectares to 40 Hectares. This is a 331% increase in land area.

In 2017 the nature reserve has been designated as a non-hunting area. Giving additional protection to the birds and mammals living on the nature reserve.

The whole nature reserve is fenced to keep out livestock. This will reduce tick-infestations and make sure that the vegetation has an opportunity to recover from past overgrazing.

The nature reserve already helps protect a large number of species of plants and animals:

Number of Species Recorded on the Reserve
Birds 91
Flowers 50
Mammals 8
Butterflies 9
Reptiles 5
Amphibians 4
Dragonflies 3
Trees 7

The land management policy we are following is to undertake relatively 'soft' land management practises. This means that we will carry out a certain amount of scrub control to keep the extremely vigorous Gum Cistus (Cistus ladanifer) (Esteva) in check. But always ensuring that there is sufficient scrub left to provide cover for rabbits, nightingales and various ground nesting birds such as Woodlarks and Corn Buntings. We will also carry out a certain amount of tree planting, but only with native trees that are found in this part of Alentejo. Key species will be Cork Oak (Quercus suber) (Sobreiro) and Strawberry tree (Arbutus unedo) (Medronheiro). And also Olives (Olea europaea) (Oliveira) and Iberian Pears (Pyrus bourgaeana) (Pereira brava). The wildlife reserve is already well populated with Sweet Oaks (Quercus rotundifolia) (Azinheira). Together these three tree species form an ecosystem or habitat-type known as Montado. Montado is very similar to the Spanish "dehesa" and is a semi-natural habitat, since it was created by agricultural activities, namely cork and livestock production. Cork trees provide both cork and acorns that are fed on by free-range pigs. These animals also forage on Sweet Oak acorns. Ecologically speaking Montado is a very rich habitat that has many similarities to African Savanna and also to the Asian Steppes. In Portugal Montado is home to a large number of rare species. Most notably the Iberian Lynx (Lynx pardinus) (Lince-ibérico), the rarest species of cat in the world. Iberian lynx historically lived in Alentejo in the area where our wildlife reserve is situated. So our management plan also aims to make conditions suitable for Iberian lynxes to live on the reserve should they choose to do so in the future. Montado is also home to a large number of rare bird species. In the past our land has been used for livestock grazing, especially sheep. However at the moment we feel that some overgrazing may have occurred and so our current policy is to exclude domestic livestock from the reserve. The soils here are very poor being rocky, sandy and with hard clay. So many flower species growing here are those more normally associated with sandy coastal areas. Many others are typical of overgrazed agricultural land. Hopefully our management will allow a larger mixture of flower species to flourish. Any invasive alien plant species are removed such as blue gums (eucalyptus), pampas grass and Agaves.


We now have a licence for the central part of our nature reserve to erect more explicit 'No Hunting' signs. These will be put up before the hunting season starts in mid August (ends at end of February).

The land added to the nature reserve in June 2017 has a large pond which is home to grebes, ducks, turtles, amphibians and damselflies among other animals.

The River on the new piece of land flows into the large pond (which is behind a dam wall) and then flows out the other side. It is eventually joined by the winterbourne stream on our original property.

The underground water near the river provides water for a small neighouring village via a pump next to our river.

No Hunting Signs have now been put up all around the nature reserve's boundary fence.

Birds and mammals living on the nature reserve will now have a secure haven away from local hunters.

Fencing being put up to keep livestock off the new plot containing Olive trees and Cork Oaks.

The Olive grove plot has not been managed for some years and there is a need to remove some of the vigorous Gum Cistus which otherwise overwhelms some of the trees and grassland.

Fencing materials to be recycled where possible. This fencing was taken down when a new piece of land was incorporated into the nature reserve and the fencelined was moved further out.

New Fencing materials to keep livestock out of land newly added to the nature reserve.

Sweet Oaks and Gum Cistus scrub on new area of land recently added to the nature reserve.

We will undertake some scub management on this new piece of land. Partly with the aim of creating a larger meadow to act as a hunting ground for Common Kestrels. We will be erecting a Kestrel nest-box with a solar-powered wifi video camera and hope that our local Kestrels will choose to nest in it in the next breeding season.

Land damaged by machinery has now been lightly tilled and re-seeded with grasses and wildflowers.

The re-seeded area should recover in a year or two.

The damaged land was gently tilled before being re-seeded so that the land was not further compacted.

Re-seeding with grass and wildflower seeds.

Provision of a drinking pond has proved to be very popular with a range of animals including this Iberian Fox.

Also this Iberian Painted Frog.

And an Iberian Bluetail - a species of Damselfy.

And lots of Iberian Azurewinged Magpies.














Wildlife Photographic Galleries :



Iberian Fox Gallery


Flower Meadows


Reptiles & Amphibians



Fungi, Liverworts, Mosses & Lichens

Other Wildlife

Nearby Wildlife

Other Pages :

Hide Pond

Wildlife at Windmill Pond

Spring Watch


Nesting 2018


Conservation Management

Trail Camera Equipment

Hide Pond Construction

Camera Trap Project

Bird Feeder Project

Mashatu, Botswana

Kalahari Wildlife

Catalonia Wildlife




Webmaster: Phil Perry - Copyright © 2018

Email Contact: lince@portugalwildlife.com





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