Portugal Wildlife

Guide to the Dragonflies of an Alentejano Wildlife Reserve

All Photographs were taken by the website author on the reserve unless otherwise stated.

Species Notes Photographs Photographs Photographs

Common Blue Damselfly

Enallagma cyathigerum

Libelinha do cogumelo; Libelinha azul comum
 

Male. This species is found throughiut Portugal and is one of the most widespread Damselflies found across Europe to Eastern Asia.

Male.

 

Iberian Bluetail or Bluetailed Damselfly

Ischnura graellsii

Iscnura ibero magrebina
 

Male Iberian bluetail. This species is found throughout Portugal.

Male. This species is quite small - only 26-31mm in length.

Male.

Broad Scarlet or Scarlet Dragonfly

Crocothemis erythraea

Libélula escarlate
 

Male Broad Scarlet. Note the breadth of the abdomen which gives this dragonfly its name.

Female. This species is found throughout Portugal.

Note red legs which distinguish this male Broad Scarlet from a Redveined Darter.

 

 

Male.

Note the marked red basal suffusion to the wings of this male Broad Scarlet.

Male. The bright green foliage behind the dragonfly is grass growing at the spring which helps fill Windmill Pond. So even in late August this area is wet and alive with dragonflies

 

 

Female. Note white dorsal stripe on thorax.

Male.

Female Broad Scarlet.

 

 

The Broad Scarlet (36-45mm long) is a little larger than a Redveined Darter (33-40mm long).

Female. This species has expanded its range Northwards from Africa into Southern Europe.They also occur in West Asia.

 

 

Female.

Male Broad Scarlet flying. Photographed in South Africa.

Female Broad Scarlet egg-laying. Photographed in South Africa.

Epaulet Skimmer

Orthetrum chrysostigma

Ortétrum de faixa branca
 

Male. Note the small yellowish patch at base of hindwing which distinguishes this dragonfly from similar species.

Note the characteristic slender and waisted abdomen near its base.

 

 

This species is widespread in Northwest Africa and across the Mediterranean basin from Portugal to Turkey.

 

 

Long Skimmer

Orthetrum trinacria

Ortétrum comprido
 

Male. The Long Skimmer is a mainly African species, that also occurs in Iberia and parts of Italy. It is quite large: 51-67mm in length.

This species was first discovered in Iberia in 1980. It is not common here and mostly confined to Southern Portugal.

 

Redveined Darter

Sympetrum fonscolombii

Libélula de nervuras vermelhas
 

Male. Note the black legs

Female. Note the blue underside to the eye.

This species ranges as far as Africa and South-West Asia. Female.

 

 

Male. Showing red wing veins.

Male. Showing orange basal suffusion and red veins.

Male.

 

 

Male.

Female.

Male.

 

 

Male

Mating Pair in tandem.

 

 

 

 

This species is found throughout Portugal. Female.

Female.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dragonfly Species List :

1 Common Blue Damselfly Enallagma cyathigerum Libelinha do cogumelo; Libelinha azul comum Not Threatened
2 Iberian Bluetail or Bluetailed Damselfly Ischnura graellsii Iscnura ibero magrebina ; Libelinha de Graells Not Threatened
3 Broad Scarlet or Scarlet Dragonfly Crocothemis erythraea Libélula escarlate Not Threatened
4 Epaulet Skimmer Orthetrum chrysostigma Ortétrum de faixa branca Not Threatened
5 Long Skimmer Orthetrum trinacria Ortétrum comprido Potentially Threatened
6 Redveined Darter Sympetrum fonscolombii Libélula de nervuras vermelhas Not Threatened

 

Wildlife Photographic Galleries :

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Other Pages :

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Wildlife at Windmill Pond

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Nesting 2017

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Email Contact: lince@portugalwildlife.com

 

 

 

 

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