Portugal Wildlife

Guide to the Flowers of an Alentejano Wildlife Reserve

All Photographs were taken by the website author on the reserve unless otherwise stated.

Species Notes Photographs Photographs Photographs

Andryala

Andryala integrifolia

Tripa de ovelha
 

Mouse Plant

Arisarum simorrhinum

Candeias
 

 

White Anacyclus

Anacyclus clavatus
 

 

 

Scarlet Pimpernel

Anagallis arvensis

Morrião dos campos
 

The common Red form of Scarlet Pimpeernel.

Blue form.

Red and blue forms growing together.

 

 

Rarer Blue form.

 

 

Giant Reed

Arundo donax

Cana
 

The Giant reed is an exotic species that has been introduced to Portugal.

Bellardia

Bellardia trixago

Flor de ouro
 

 

Large Quaking Grass

Briza maxima

Bole bole maior
 

 

 

Field Marigold

Calendula arvensis

Erva vaqueira
 

 

Campanula lusitanica

Campanula lusitanica

Campainhas
 

 

 

Slender Thistle

Carduus tenuiflorus

Cardo azul
 

 

 

 

Simple-leaved chamomile

Chamaemelum mixtum

Margaça
 

Corn Marigold

Chrysanthemum segetum

Pampilho das searas
 

This is an exotic species that was introduced to Portugal.

 

Crispus Rockrose

Cistus crispus

Roselha
 

Gum Cistus

Cistus ladanifer

Esteva
 

 

 

 

 

Sage-leaved Cistus

Cistus salviifolius

Saganho mouro
 

Cardoon

Cynara cardunculus

Alcachofra
 

Developing flower spikes of this thistle species.

Developing flower spikes.

Dessicated flower head (fallen horizontal).

Wild Carrot

Daucus carota

Cenoura brava
 

Compound umbel.

Flower spike before flowers have opened.

 

Dipcadi

Dipcadi serotinum

Jacinto da tarde
 

 

Longbeak Stork's-bill

Erodium botrys

Agulheta
 

Showing flowers and Stork's-bill shaped seed heads.

 

 

Purple Viper's Bugloss

Echium plantagineum

Soagem
 

 

 

 

Galactites

Galactites tomentosus

Cardo
 

Field Gladiolus

Gladiolus italicus
 

 

 

 

Barbary Nut

Gynandriris sisyrhynchium

Pé de brurro
 

 

 

 

 

Annual Toadflax

Linaria incarnata
 

 

 

Sheep's bit scabious

Jasione Montana

Botão azul
 

 

 

 

 

Ballast Toadflax

Linaria spartea

Ansarina dos campos
 

Hairy Lupin

Lupinus micranthus
 

Spanish Mallow

Malva hispanica

Malva de espanha
 

 

Pennyroyal

Mentha pulegium

Hortelâ pimenta mansa
 

Sandwort sp.

Minuartia geniculata
 

 

 

Hoop Petticoat Narcissus

Narcissus bulbocodium

Campainhas amarelas
 

Photo showing the Narcissus growing in winterbourne stream.

 

 

Oleander

Nerium oleander

Loendro ; Cevadilha
 

 

Common Broomrape

Orobanche minor
 

The Broomrapes are parasitic on the roots of other plants. This species usually attacks legumes, composites and umbellifers.

 

 

 

 

This Common broomrape is likely to be parasitising the roots of the yellow legume seen in the photograph.

 

Bermuda Buttercup

Oxalis pes-caprae

Trevo azedo
 

This is an exotic species that was introduced to Portugal.

 

Long-headed Poppy

Papaver dubium

Papoila longa
 

 

 

 

 

Yellow Bartsia

Parentucellia viscosa 

Erva peganhenta
 

 

 

Group of Yellow bartsia plants.

Meadow drift including Yellow Bartsia.

 

Weld or Dyer's Rocket

Reseda luteloa

Lírio dos tintureiros
 

Dock sp.

Rumex Bucephalophorus

Catacuzes
 

 

Single-flowered Scorpiurus

Scorpiurus vermiculatus

Cornilhão esponjoso
 

Note coiled seed pod on centre left of photograph.

 

 

Note coiled seed pod on bottom right of photograph.

 

Groundsel

Senecio vulgaris

Tasneirinha
 

 

 

Tongue Orchid

Serapias strictiflora
 

 

Black Nightshade

Solanum nigrum

Erva moira
 

 

Smooth Sow-Thistle

Sonchus tenerrimus
 

Purple Sand Spurrey

Spergularia purpurea

Sapinho roxo
 

Villous Deadly Carrot

Thapsia villosa

Turbit da terra
 

 

 

Developing Seeds.

European Umbrella Milkwort

Tolpis barbata

Olhos de mocho
 

 

White Clover

Trifolium repens

Trevo branco
 

 

 

Spotted Rock Rose

Tuberaria guttata

Alcar

 

 

 

Spotted rock rose among variety of other flower species.

 

Lesser Bulrush

Typha angustifolia

Tábua estreita

 

Sea Squill

Urginea maritima

Cebola albarrã
 

 

 

 

 

 

Purple Vetch

Vicia benghalensis

Ervilhaca vermelha

 

 

   

 

 

 

   

 

 

 

   

 

 

 

   

 

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Flower Species List :

1 Andryala Andryala integrifolia Tripa de ovelha Native
2 Mouse Plant Arisarum simorrhinum Candeias Native
3 Giant Reed Arundo donax Cana Exotic - Introduced
4 White Anacyclus Anacyclus clavatus   Native
5 Scarlet Pimpernel Anagallis arvensis Morrião dos campos Native
6 Bellardia Bellardia trixago Flor de ouro Native
7 Large Quaking Grass Briza maxima Bole bole maior Native
8 Field Marigold Calendula arvensis Erva vaqueira Native
9 Campanula lusitanica Campanula lusitanica Campainhas  
10 Slender Thistle Carduus tenuiflorus Cardo azul Native
11 Simple-leaved chamomile Chamaemelum mixtum Margaça Native
12 Corn Marigold Chrysanthemum segetum Pampilho das searas Exotic - Introduced
13 Crispus Rockrose Cistus crispus Roselha Native
14 Gum Cistus Cistus ladanifer Esteva Native
15 Sage-leaved Cistus Cistus salviifolius Saganho mouro Native
16 Cardoon Cynara cardunculus Alcachofra Native
17 Wild Carrot Daucus carota Cenoura brava Native
18 Dipcadi Dipcadi serotinum Jacinto da tarde Native
19 Purple Viper's Bugloss Echium plantagineum Soagem Native
20 Longbeak Stork's-bill Erodium botrys Agulheta Native
21 Galactites Galactites tomentosus Cardo Native
22 Field Gladiolus Gladiolus italicus   Native
23 Barbary Nut Gynandriris sisyrhynchium  Pé de brurro Native
24 Sheep's bit scabious Jasione montana Botão azul Native
25 Annual Toadflax Linaria incarnata   Native
26 Ballast Toadflax Linaria spartea Ansarina dos campos Native
27 Hairy Lupin Lupinus micranthus   Native
28 Spanish Mallow Malva hispanica Malva de espanha Native
29 Pennyroyal Mentha pulegium Hortelâ pimenta mansa Native
30 Sandwort sp. Minuartia geniculata    
31 Hoop Petticoat Narcissus Narcissus bulbocodium Campainhas amarelas Native
32 Oleander Nerium oleander Loendro ; Cevadilha Native
33 Common Broomrape Orobanche minor   Native
34 Bermuda Buttercup Oxalis pes-caprae Trevo azedo Exotic - Introduced
35 Long-headed Poppy Papaver dubium Papoila longa Native
36 Yellow Bartsia Parentucellia viscosa Erva peganhenta Native
37 Weld or Dyer's Rocket Reseda luteloa Lírio dos tintureiros Native
38 Dock sp. Rumex Bucephalophorus Catacuzes Native
39 Single-flowered Scorpiurus Scorpiurus vermiculatus Cornilhão esponjoso Native
40 Groundsel Senecio vulgaris Tasneirinha Native
41 Tongue Orchid Serapias strictiflora   Native
42 Black Nightshade Solanum nigrum Erva moira Native
43 Smooth Sow-Thistle Sonchus tenerrimus   Native
44 Purple Sand Spurrey Spergularia purpurea Sapinho roxo Native
45 Villous Deadly Carrot Thapsia villosa Turbit da terra Native
46 European Umbrella Milkwort Tolpis barbata Olhos de mocho Native
47 White Clover Trifolium repens Trevo branco Native
48 Spotted Rock Rose Tuberaria guttata Alcar Native
49 Lesser Bulrush Typha angustifolia Tábua estreita Native
50 Sea Squill Urginea maritima Cebola albarrã Native
51 Purple Vetch Vicia benghalensis Ervilhaca vermelha Native

 

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Email Contact: lince@portugalwildlife.com

 

 

 

 

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