Portugal Wildlife

Guide to the Flowers of a Wildlife Reserve in Baixo Alentejo

All Photographs were taken by the website author on the reserve unless otherwise stated.

Species Notes Photographs Photographs Photographs

Wild Leek

Allium ampeloprasum

Alho-de-verão; Alho-inglês; Chalotas
Peak Flowering Period: April to July

 

 

Stem and basal leaves.

 

 

 

 

Moroccan Garlic

Allium massaessylum

Alho de marrocos; Alho bravo
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

 

 

 

 

Leaves and Stem.

 

Scarlet Pimpernel

Anagallis arvensis

Morrião dos campos
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

The common Red form of Scarlet Pimpernel.

 

 

Rarer Blue form.

Red and blue forms growing together.

Blue form.

Daisy-leaved Toadflax

Anarrhinum bellidifolium

Samacalo
Peak Flowering Period: April to July

 

 

 

 

 

 

Undulate Alkanet

Anchusa undulata

Buglossa ondulada; Língua de vaca ondeada

Peak Flowering Period: February to May

 

 

 

Limestone Lettuce

Andryala integrifolia

Alface dos calcários; Tripa de ovelha
Peak Flowering Period: April to July

 

 

The English common name used here is based on one of the many Portuguese common names, Alface dos calcários, which means Limestone Lettuce.

Mouse Plant

Arisarum simorrhinum

Candeias
Peak Flowering Period: October to February

 

Giant Reed

Arundo donax

Cana
Invasive Alien. The status of this plant in the reserve is under consideration and the plants may be removed if they are thought to be a threat. Peak Flowering Period: August to October

The Giant reed is an exotic species that has been introduced to Portugal.

Common Asphodel

Asphodelus aestivus

Abrótea de verão
Peak Flowering Period: March to August

 

 

Mediterranean Linseed

Bartsia trixago (Bellardia trixago)

Flor de ouro
Peak Flowering Period: April to June

The flowers can also be yellow.

Mediterranean Linseed is a semi-parasitic plant. It can obtain water nutrients from the roots of other species of plant, especially various grasses. As it is a green plant with chlorophyll, it is also able to make its own food using photosynthesis. It is a member of the broomrape family.

 

 

Large Quaking Grass

Briza maxima

Bole bole maior
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

 

 

Field Marigold

Calendula arvensis

Erva vaqueira
Peak Flowering Period: November to April

Field Marigold growing on top of Windmill Ruin.

 

 

 

 

Portuguese Bellflower

Campanula lusitanica

Campainhas
Peak Flowering Period: April to July

 

 

 

 

 

Rampion Bellflower

Campanula rapunculus

Campainhas rabanete; Campânula
Peak Flowering Period: April to July

 

 

 

 

 

 

Slender Thistle

Carduus tenuiflorus

Cardo azul
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

 

 

 

Racemose Carline Thistle

Carlina racemosa

Cardo amarelo anual
Peak Flowering Period: June to September

Common Centaury

Centaurium erythraea

Centáurea comum; Fel da terra
Peak Flowering Period: April to August

 

 

Dusky Dogfennel

Chamaemelum fuscatum

Margaça de inverno
Peak Flowering Period: November to April

 

 

Moroccan Chamomile

Chamaemelum mixtum

Margaça
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

 

 

Crown Daisy

Chrysanthemum coronarium

Pampilho, Palmequer
Peak Flowering Period: February to May

 

 

 

Corn Marigold

Chrysanthemum segetum

Pampilho das searas
Peak Flowering Period: March to April

This is an exotic species that was introduced to Portugal.

 

 

 

 

 

Crispus Rockrose

Cistus crispus

Roselha
Peak Flowering Period: April to June

Gum Cistus

Cistus ladanifer

Esteva
Peak Flowering Period: March to May

 

 

 

 

Sage-leaved Cistus

Cistus salviifolius

Saganho mouro
Peak Flowering Period: February to May

 

 

Flower buds and flowers.

Field Bindweed

Convolvulus arvensis

Corriola campestre
Peak Flowering Period: May to September

Note the Red Velvet Mite on the flower.

This plant, native to Europe and Asia, was introduced to America in around 1739. It has since become a significant alien invasive plant that causes substantial crop losses to farmers there.

Also known as a Morning Glory it is a climbing or creeping herbaceous perennial.

Cardoon

Cynara cardunculus

Alcachofra
Peak Flowering Period: May to July

 

 

Dessicated flower head (fallen horizontal).

Developing flower spikes of this thistle species.

Developing flower spikes.

 

 

Umbrella Sedge

Cyperus eragrostis

Junção
Peak Flowering Period: March to September

An Exotic species originally from the U.S.A. As such we will monitor the plant to ensure it does not become invasive.

 

 

Flax-leaved Daphne

Daphne gnidium

Trovisco; Gorreiro; Lauréola macha
Peak Flowering Period: April to November

 

 

 

 

Wild Carrot

Daucus carota

Cenoura brava
Peak Flowering Period: May to September

Compound umbel.

Flower spike before flowers have opened.

 

Brown Bluebell

Dipcadi serotinum

Jacinto da tarde
Peak Flowering Period: February to May

 

 

 

 

Purple Viper's Bugloss

Echium plantagineum

Soagem
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

 

 

 

Common Spikerush

Eleocharis palustris

Eleocare dos charcos; Junco marreco
Peak Flowering Period: March to August

 

 

Greater Willowherb

Epilobium hirsutum

Erva dos estolhos; Epilóbio eriçado
Peak Flowering Period: May to September

Longbeak Stork's-bill

Erodium botrys

Agulheta
Peak Flowering Period: March to May

Showing characteristically lobed, but not pinnately lobed, leaves.

Showing very long fruits - the "Stork's Bills".

Showing flowers and Stork's bill-shaped seed heads.

Common Stork's-bill

Erodium cicutarium

Bico de Cegonha
Peak Flowering Period: February to April

Showing characteristically pinnate leaves.

 

Field Fumitory

Fumaria agraria

Fumária dos campos
Peak Flowering Period: December to June

 

 

 

 

Purple Milk Thistle

Galactites tomentosus

Cardo
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

 

 

 

Dove's-Foot Cranes-Bill

Geranium molle

Bico de pomba
Peak Flowering Period: January to June

 

 

Fruits - "Crane's Bills".

Field Gladiolus

Gladiolus italicus

Acoro falso

Peak Flowering Period: March to May

 

 

 

Barbary Nut

Gynandriris sisyrhynchium

Pé de brurro
Peak Flowering Period: February to April

 

 

 

 

White-leaved Everlasting

Helichrysum italicum

Perpétuas das areias
Peak Flowering Period: May to September

 

 

Common Heliotrope

Heliotropium europaeum

Verrucária; Tornassol com pêlos; Erva das verrugas
Peak Flowering Period: March to October

 

 

 

Gecko-Foot Kidney Vetch

Hymenocarpos lotoides

Patinha de osga; Albaida
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

The English common name used here is based on the Portuguese common name, Patinha de osga, meaning Gecko-Foot (small gecko foot).

 

 

 

Flax-leaved St John's-Wort

Hypericum linariifolium

Hipericão estriado; Pelicão
Peak Flowering Period: May to July

The sepals have stalked black glands. Sepals are individual segments of the calyx.

 

 

 

 

Coral-necklace

Illecebrum verticillatum

Aranhões; Erva sanguinha
Peak Flowering Period: March to September

Sheep's bit scabious

Jasione Montana

Botão azul
Peak Flowering Period: April to July

 

 

 

 

Prickly Lettuce

Lactuca serriola

Alface brava
Peak Flowering Period: May to September

Amazingly this plant, which can grow to 2m tall and has large spines on its leaf veins, is the ancestor of our humble supermarket lettuce (Lactuca sativa) !

Red Vetchling

Lathyrus cicera

Araca; Chícharo branco
Peak Flowering Period: March to May

 

French lavender

Lavandula stoechas

Cabeçuda; Rosmaninho; Arçã
Peak Flowering Period: February to June

 

 

Annual Toadflax

Linaria incarnata
Peak Flowering Period: (February) March to June

 

 

 

Ballast Toadflax

Linaria spartea

Ansarina dos campos
Peak Flowering Period: February to July

Pale Flax

Linum bienne

Linho bravo; Linho de inverno
Peak Flowering Period: February to June

Small-flowered Birdsfoot Trefoil

Lotus parviflorus

Loto de flor miúda
Peak Flowering Period: April to June

 

 

 

 

 

Narrow-leaved Lupin

Lupinus angustifolius

Tremoço bravo
Peak Flowering Period: February to May

 

 

Characteristically narrow leaves.

Seed pods.

 

 

Very upright growth habit.

 

 

Yellow Lupin

Lupinus luteus

Tremoceiro amarelo
Native plant. But also planted to provide a green manure for our Olive Grove. Peak Flowering Period: March to June

 

 

 

 

Some plants have Orange flowers.

Yellow Lupin plants sown as seeds in our Olive Grove to provide a green manure. Lupins have nitrogen-fixing bacteria in their root nodules, a trait typical to pea family species.

 

 

Yellow Lupins in flower in the Olive Grove.

 

 

 

 

Hairy Lupin

Lupinus micranthus

Tremoço hirsuto

Peak Flowering Period: March to May

Spanish Mallow

Malva hispanica

Malva de espanha
Peak Flowering Period: April to July

 

Least Mallow

Malva parviflora

Malva de flor pequena
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

The flowers are very small compared to the rather vigorous foliage.

Fruit.

 

 

 

Leaf.

 

 

Pennyroyal

Mentha pulegium

Hortelâ pimenta mansa
Peak Flowering Period: June to September

Round-leaved Mint

Mentha suaveolens

Mentastro, Hortelã brava
Peak Flowering Period: June to September

Note the wrinkled leaf surface, typical of this species.

 

 

 

 

Woody Sandwort

Minuartia geniculata
Peak Flowering Period: March to ?

 

 

Pale Lesser Snapdragon

Misopates calycinum
Peak Flowering Period: March to July

Lesser Snapdragon

Misopates orontium

Focinho de rato
Peak Flowering Period: March to July

 

 

 

Tassel Grape Hyacinth

Muscari comosum

Jacinto das searas; Cebolinho de flor azul
Peak Flowering Period: March to May

 

 

 

Jersey Forget-me-not

Myosotis debilis

Não tem
Peak Flowering Period: April to June

The Jersey Forget-me-not grows in wet meadows, river banks, pond edges and temporary pools. A water-loving plant.

The flowers of this Forget-me-not are tiny.

 

 

The Jersey Forget-me-not is endemic to the Mediterranean basin. It is found in Portugal, Spain, Morocco and Algeria.

Hoop Petticoat Narcissus

Narcissus bulbocodium

Campainhas amarelas
Peak Flowering Period: January to April

Photo showing the Narcissus growing in winterbourne stream.

 

 

 

 

 

Portuguese Catmint

Nepeta multibracteata

Nêveda ramosa
Peak Flowering Period: May to July

The English common name used here is a translation of an alternate (synonym) Latin binomial name, Nepeta lusitanica, meaning Portuguese Catmint. Lusitanica was the Roman name for Portugal. This species also occurs in Spain, Morocco and Algeria.

The Latin binomial name refers to the many flower bracts.

 

 

 

Oleander

Nerium oleander

Loendro ; Cevadilha
Peak Flowering Period: February to March and May to August

 

Hemlock Water-Dropwort

Oenanthe crocata

Embude, Prego do diabo
Peak Flowering Period: March to July

 

Luxuriant and vigorous leaf growth.

 

 

This species of umbellifer is water-loving and lives in our river.

 

 

 

Cat-Claw Rest-Harrow

Ononis cintrana

Unha gata; Unha gata de Sintra; Rilha boi
Peak Flowering Period: April to June

 

 

The common English name used here is a translation of one of the Portuguese common names, Unha gata, which means Cat Claw.

Early Purple Orchid

Orchis mascula olbiensis

Satirião macho
Peak Flowering Period: March to May

 

 

Basal leaves.

Star of Bethlehem

Ornithogalum orthophyllum

Leite de galinha
Peak Flowering Period: February to May

Star of Bethlehem flowers with a Crab Spider.

 

 

 

Common Broomrape

Orobanche minor

Orobanca

Peak Flowering Period: April to June

The Broomrapes are parasitic on the roots of other plants. This species usually attacks legumes, composites and umbellifers.

 

 

 

 

This Common broomrape is likely to be parasitising the roots of the yellow legume seen in the photograph.

 

Bermuda Buttercup

Oxalis pes-caprae

Trevo azedo
Peak Flowering Period: November to April

This is an exotic species that was introduced to Portugal.

 

Long-headed Poppy

Papaver dubium

Papoila longa
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

 

 

 

 

Long-headed Poppies are orange in colour.

 

 

Rough Poppy

Papaver hybridum

Papoila ouricada; Papoila peluda
Peak Flowering Period: March to May

Rough Poppies have much smaller flowers than Long-headed Poppies and they are a deep red colour.

 

Yellow Bartsia

Parentucellia viscosa 

Erva peganhenta
Peak Flowering Period: April to June

Yellow Bartsia is a semi-parasitic plant. It has root-like organs known as haustoria that it uses to obtain nutrients from the roots of other species of plant. As it is a green plant with chlorophyll, it is also able to make its own food using photosynthesis. It is a member of the broomrape family.

 

 

 

 

Group of Yellow bartsia plants.

Meadow drift including Yellow Bartsia.

 

Silver Paronychia

Paronychia argentea

Erva prata; Erva dos unheiros
Peak Flowering Period: February to June

Lampwick

Phlomis lychnitis

Salva brava; Candeiolas
Peak Flowering Period: April to June

 

 

 

 

Buck's-Horn Plantain

Plantago coronopus

Diabelha
Peak Flowering Period: March to July

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hare's Foot Plantain

Plantago lagopus

Orelha de lebre
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

Leaves of Hare's Foot Plantain.

Ribwort Plantain

Plantago lanceolate

Corrijó, Língua de ovelha
Peak Flowering Period: March to July

 

 

Jersey Cudweed

Pseudognaphalium luteo-album

Perpétua brava

Peak Flowering Period: February to October

 

Jersey Buttercup

Ranunculus paludosus

Ranúnculo dos charcos
Peak Flowering Period: February to May

 

 

 

 

Stream Water-Crowfoot

Ranunculus penicillatus

 

Aquatic Plant. Peak Flowering Period: February to May

This aquatic plant has submerged and floating leaves. This photograph shows the long, flowing submerged leaves (when water level is higher).

This photo shows both the floating leaves at the surface and the long, filamentous submerged leaves under the water.

 

 

 

The Stream Water-Crowfoot is a member of the Buttercup family.

 

 

 

 

 

Wild Radish

Raphanus raphanistrum

Saramago
Peak Flowering Period: January to June

 

Weld or Dyer's Rocket

Reseda luteola

Lírio dos tintureiros
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

Sheep's Sorrel

Rumex acetosella

Erva azeda
Peak Flowering Period: March to July

The basal lobes of the leaves characteristically turn upwards.

 

 

Red Dock

Rumex bucephalophorus

Catacuzes
Peak Flowering Period: February to June

 

 

 

 

Northern Dock

Rumex longifolius

Peak Flowering Period: ??? May

A tall plant - up to 120cm (4 feet).

 

 

It is presumed that the Northern Dock is native to Portugal.

Small Burnet

Sanguisorba verrucosa

Pimpinela menor
Peak Flowering Period: March to July

Sweet Scabious

Scabiosa atropurpurea

Saudades roxas; Suspiros; Suspiros roxos
Peak Flowering Period: April to July

 

 

 

 

 

Round-headed Club-Rush

Scirpoides holoschoenus

Bunho
Peak Flowering Period: April to August

Flowers.

 

 

Old seed heads.

 

 

 

Scorpion Plant

Scorpiurus muricatus

Cornilhão pequeno
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

Note coiled seed pod on centre left of photograph.

 

 

Note coiled seed pod on bottom right of photograph - which supposedly resembles a caterpillar.

 

Caterpillar Plant

Scorpiurus vermiculatus

Cornilhão esponjoso
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

Common Ragwort

Senecio jacobaea

Erva de são tiago; Tasna
Peak Flowering Period: May to September

Common Ragwort flowers are an important nectar source for butterflies such as Small Coppers.

Cinnabar Moth caterpillars feeding on Common Ragwort. These caterpillars become toxic to other animals when they eat the poisonous ragwort plants which gives them protection from predators.

 

 

Common Ragwort covered in red mites which feed on the flowers.

 

 

Groundsel

Senecio vulgaris

Tasneirinha
Peak Flowering Period: December to April

 

 

Seed head of Groundsel. The seeds will be dispersed by the wind or any animals brushing past the plant.

 

Tongue Orchid

Serapias strictiflora
Peak Flowering Period: March to May

 

Field Madder

Sherardia arvensis

Granza dos campos
Peak Flowering Period: February to June

 

 

 

 

Mediterranean Catchfly

Silene colorata

Silene rosada
Peak Flowering Period: February to May

Small-flowered Catchfly

Silene gallica

Erva mel; Nariz de zorra
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

 

 

Black Nightshade

Solanum nigrum

Erva moira
Peak Flowering Period: All Year Round

 

Smooth Sow-Thistle

Sonchus tenerrimus

Serralha

Peak Flowering Period: February to August

 

 

Bee collecting pollen from Smooth Sow-Thistle flower.

 

Purple Sand Spurrey

Spergularia purpurea

Sapinho roxo
Peak Flowering Period: March to July

 

 

Field Woundwort

Stachys arvensis

Rabo de raposa
Peak Flowering Period: January to May

 

Shining Deadly Carrot

Thapsia nitida

Peak Flowering Period: April to June

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Southern Deadly Carrot

Thapsia transtagana

Tápsia
Peak Flowering Period: March to May

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

European Umbrella Milkwort

Tolpis barbata

Olhos de mocho
Peak Flowering Period: March to July

 

Narrow-leaved Crimson Clover

Trifolium angustifolium

Trevo massaroco, Rabo de gato
Peak Flowering Period: April to July

 

 

Hare's-Foot Clover

Trifolium arvense

Pé de lebre; Trevo branco
Peak Flowering Period: March to July

 

 

 

Hop Trefoil

Trifolium campestre

Trevo amarelo
Peak Flowering Period: March to July

Clustered Clover

Trifolium glomeratum

Trevo
Peak Flowering Period: April to July

 

 

 

 

 

White Clover

Trifolium repens

Trevo branco
Peak Flowering Period: March to July

 

 

Reversed Clover

Trifolium resupinatum

Trevo da pérsia; Trevo de flores reviradas
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

The English name is based on the fact that the flowers are reversed, that is to say upside down when compared to other species of clover.

 

 

Arrowleaf Clover

Trifolium vesiculosum

Peak Flowering Period: April to July

 

 

This species is not Native to Portugal. It is an introduced Exotic species.

 

 

Diagnostic White 'W'-shaped marking on pointed, arrow-shaped, leaves.

Spotted Rock Rose

Tuberaria guttata

Alcar

Peak Flowering Period: March to June

 

 

Spotted rock rose among variety of other flower species.

 

Lesser Bulrush

Typha angustifolia

Tábua estreita

Peak Flowering Period: April to July

Navelwort

Umbilicus rupestris

Umbigo de vénus
Peak Flowering Period: March to July

Navelwort typically grows in rocks and old walls.

 

 

Navelwort growing on top of Windmill ruin.

 

 

Sea Squill

Urginea maritima

Cebola albarrã
Peak Flowering Period: August to October

 

 

 

 

 

Purple Vetch

Vicia benghalensis

Ervilhaca vermelha

Peak Flowering Period: March to June

Common Vetch

Viciasativa

Ervilhaca mansa; Ervilhaca comum

Peak Flowering Period: February to July

 

 

Seed pod.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Flower Species List :

1 Wild Leek Allium ampeloprasum Alho-de-verão; Alho-inglês; Chalotas Native April to July
2 Moroccan Garlic Allium massaessylum Alho de marrocos; Alho bravo Native March to June
3 Scarlet Pimpernel Anagallis arvensis Morrião dos campos Native March to June
4 Daisy-leaved Toadflax Anarrhinum bellidifolium Samacalo Native April to July
5 Undulate Alkanet Anchusa undulata Buglossa ondulada; Língua de vaca ondeada Native February to May
6 Limestone Lettuce Andryala integrifolia Alface dos calcários; Tripa de ovelha Native April to July
7 Mouse Plant Arisarum simorrhinum Candeias Native October to February
8 Giant Reed Arundo donax Cana Exotic - Introduced August to October
9 Common Asphodel Asphodelus aestivus Abrótea de verão Native March to August
10 Mediterranean Linseed Bartsia trixago (Bellardia trixago) Flor de ouro Native April to June
11 Large Quaking Grass Briza maxima Bole bole maior Native March to June
12 Field Marigold Calendula arvensis Erva vaqueira Native November to April
13 Portuguese Bellflower Campanula lusitanica Campainhas   April to July
14 Rampion Bellflower Campanula rapunculus Campainhas rabanete; Campânula Native April to July
15 Slender Thistle Carduus tenuiflorus Cardo azul Native March to June
16 Racemose Carline Thistle Carlina racemosa Cardo amarelo anual Native June to September
17 Common Centaury Centaurium erythraea Centáurea comum; Fel da terra Native April to August
18 Dusky Dogfennel Chamaemelum fuscatum Margaça de inverno Native December to April
19 Moroccan Chamomile Chamaemelum mixtum Margaça Native March to June
20 Crown Daisy Chrysanthemum coronarium Pampilho; Palmequer Native February to May
21 Corn Marigold Chrysanthemum segetum Pampilho das searas Exotic - Introduced March to April
22 Crispus Rockrose Cistus crispus Roselha Native April to June
23 Gum Cistus Cistus ladanifer Esteva Native March to May
24 Sage-leaved Cistus Cistus salviifolius Saganho mouro Native February to May
25 Field Bindweed Convolvulus arvensis Corriola campestre Native May to September
26 Cardoon Cynara cardunculus Alcachofra Native May to July
27 Umbrella Sedge Cyperus eragrostis Junção Exotic - from USA March to September
28 Flax-leaved Daphne Daphne gnidium Trovisco; Gorreiro; Lauréola macha Native April to November
29 Wild Carrot Daucus carota Cenoura brava Native May to September
30 Brown Bluebell Dipcadi serotinum Jacinto da tarde Native February to May
31 Purple Viper's Bugloss Echium plantagineum Soagem Native March to June
32 Common Spikerush Eleocharis palustris Eleocare dos charcos; Junco marreco Native March to August
33 Greater Willowherb Epilobium hirsutum Erva dos estolhos; Epilóbio eriçado Native May to September
34 Longbeak Stork's-bill Erodium botrys Agulheta Native March to May
35 Common Stork's-bill Erodium cicutarium Bico de Cegonha Native February to April
36 Field Fumitory Fumaria agraria Fumária dos campos Native December to June
37 Purple Milk Thistle Galactites tomentosus Cardo Native March to June
38 Doves-Foot Cranes-Bill Geranium molle Bico de pomba Native January to June
39 Field Gladiolus Gladiolus italicus Acoro falso Native March to May
40 Barbary Nut Gynandriris sisyrhynchium Pé de brurro Native February to April
41 White-leaved Everlasting Helichrysum italicum Perpétuas das areias Native May to September
42 Common Heliotrope Heliotropium europaeum Verrucária; Tornassol com pêlos Native March to October
43 Gecko-Foot Kidney Vetch Hymenocarpos lotoides Patinha de osga; Albaida Native March to June
44 Flax-leaved St John's-Wort Hypericum linariifolium Hipericão estriado; Pelicão Native May to July
45 Coral-necklace Illecebrum verticillatum Aranhões; Erva sanguinha Native March to September
46 Sheep's Bit Scabious Jasione montana Botão azul Native April to July
47 Prickly Lettuce Lactuca serriola Alface brava Native May to September
48 Red Vetchling Lathyrus cicera Araca; Chícharo branco Native March to May
49 French Lavender Lavandula stoechas Cabeçuda; Rosmaninho; Arçã Native February to June
50 Annual Toadflax Linaria incarnata   Native March to June
51 Ballast Toadflax Linaria spartea Ansarina dos campos Native February to July
52 Pale Flax Linum bienne Linho bravo; Linho de inverno Native February to June
53 Small-flowered Birdsfoot Trefoil Lotus parviflorus Loto de flor miúda Native April to June
54 Narrow-leaved Lupin Lupinus angustifolius Tremoço bravo Native February to May
55 Yellow Lupin Lupinus luteus Tremoceiro amarelo Native/Planted as green manure March to June
56 Hairy Lupin Lupinus micranthus Tremoço hirsuto Native March to May
57 Spanish Mallow Malva hispanica Malva de espanha Native April to July
58 Least Mallow Malva parviflora Malva de flor pequena Native March to June
59 Pennyroyal Mentha pulegium Hortelâ pimenta mansa Native June to September
60 Round-leaved Mint Mentha suaveolens Mentastro, Hortelã brava Native June to September
61 Woody Sandwort Minuartia geniculata   ?? March to ?
62 Pale Lesser Snapdragon Misopates calycinum   Native March to July
63 Lesser Snapdragon Misopates orontium Focinho de rato Native March to July
64 Tassel Grape Hyacinth Muscari comosum Jacinto das searas; Cebolinho de flor azul Native March to May
65 Jersey Forget-me-not Myosotis debilis   Native April to June
66 Hoop Petticoat Narcissus Narcissus bulbocodium Campainhas amarelas Native January to April
67 Portuguese Catmint Nepeta multibracteata Nêveda ramosa Native May to July
68 Oleander Nerium oleander Loendro; Cevadilha Native February to March & May to August
69 Hemlock Water-Dropwort Oenanthe crocata Embude, Prego do diabo Native March to July
70 Cat-Claw Rest-Harrow Ononis cintrana Unha gata; Unha gata de Sintra; Rilha boi Native April to June
71 Early Purple Orchid Orchis mascula olbiensis Satirião macho Native March to May
72 Star of Bethlehem Ornithogalum orthophyllum Leite de galinha Native February to May
73 Common Broomrape Orobanche minor Orobanca Native April to June
74 Bermuda Buttercup Oxalis pes-caprae Trevo azedo Exotic - Introduced November to April
75 Long-headed Poppy Papaver dubium Papoila longa Native March to June
76 Rough Poppy Papaver hybridum Papoila ouricada; Papoila peluda Native March to May
77 Yellow Bartsia Parentucellia viscosa Erva peganhenta Native April to June
78 Silver Paronychia Paronychia argentea Erva prata, Erva dos unheiros Native February to June
79 Lampwick Phlomis lychnitis Salva brava; Candeiolas Native April to June
80 Buck's-Horn Plantain Plantago coronopus Diabelha Native March to July
81 Hare's Foot Plantain Plantago lagopus Orelha de lebre Native March to June
82 Ribwort Plantain Plantago lanceolata Corrijó; Língua de ovelha Native March to July
83 Jersey Cudweed Pseudognaphalium luteo-album Perpétua brava ?? February to October
84 Jersey Buttercup Ranunculus paludosus Ranúnculo dos charcos Native February to May
85 Stream Water-Crowfoot Ranunculus penicillatus Ranúnculo de água Native February to April
86 Wild Radish Raphanus raphanistrum Saramago ?? January to June
87 Weld or Dyer's Rocket Reseda luteola Lírio dos tintureiros Native March to June
88 Sheep's Sorrel Rumex acetosella Erva azeda Native March to July
89 Red Dock Rumex bucephalophorus Catacuzes Native February to June
90 Northern Dock Rumex longifolius   Probably Native May
91 Small Burnet Sanguisorba verrucosa Pimpinela menor Native March to July
92 Sweet Scabious Scabiosa atropurpurea Saudades roxas; Suspiros; Suspiros roxos Native April to July
93 Round-headed Club-Rush Scirpoides holoschoenus Bunho Native April to August
94 Scorpion Plant Scorpiurus muricatus Cornilhão pequeno Native March to June
95 Caterpillar Plant Scorpiurus vermiculatus Cornilhão esponjoso Native March to June
96 Common Ragwort Senecio jacobaea Erva de são tiago; Tasna Native May to September
97 Groundsel Senecio vulgaris Tasneirinha Native December to April
98 Tongue Orchid Serapias strictiflora   Native March to May
99 Field Madder Sherardia arvensis Granza dos campos Native February to June
100 Mediterranean Catchfly Silene colorata Silene rosada Native February to May
101 Small-flowered Catchfly Silene gallica Erva mel; Nariz de zorra Native March to June
102 Black Nightshade Solanum nigrum Erva moira Native All Year Round
103 Smooth Sow-Thistle Sonchus tenerrimus Serralha Native February to August
104 Purple Sand Spurrey Spergularia purpurea Sapinho roxo Native March to July
105 Field Woundwort Stachys arvensis Rabo de raposa Native January to May
106 Shining Deadly Carrot Thapsia nitida   Native April to June
107 Southern Deadly Carrot Thapsia transtagana Tápsia Native April to July
108 European Umbrella Milkwort Tolpis barbata Olhos de mocho Native March to July
109 Narrow-leaved Crimson Clover Trifolium angustifolium Trevo massaroco; Rabo de gato Native April to July
110 Hare's-Foot Clover Trifolium arvense Pé de lebre; Trevo branco Native March to July
111 Hop Trefoil Trifolium campestre Trevo amarelo Native March to July
112 Clustered Clover Trifolium glomeratum Trevo Native April to July
113 White Clover Trifolium repens Trevo branco Native March to July
114 Reversed Clover Trifolium resupinatum Trevo da pérsia; Trevo de flores reviradas Native March to June
115 Arrowleaf Clover Trifolium vesiculosum   Exotic - Introduced April to July
116 Spotted Rock Rose Tuberaria guttata Alcar Native March to June
117 Lesser Bulrush Typha angustifolia Tábua estreita Native April to July
118 Navelwort Umbilicus rupestris Umbigo de vénus Native March to July
119 Sea Squill Urginea maritima Cebola albarrã Native August to October
120 Purple Vetch Vicia benghalensis Ervilhaca vermelha Native March to June
121 Common Vetch Vicia sativa Ervilhaca mansa; Ervilhaca comum Native February to July

 

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