Portugal Wildlife

Guide to the Insects of a Wildlife Reserve in Baixo Alentejo

All Photographs were taken by the website author on the reserve unless otherwise stated.

Species Notes Photographs Photographs Photographs

European Mole Cricket

Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa

Ralo

 

 

 

Egyptian Grasshopper

Anacridium aegyptium

Gafanhoto do egipto

 

Blue Bandwinged Grasshopper

Oedipoda caerulescens

Gafanhoto de asas azuis

 

 

 

European Mantis

Mantis religiosa

Louva a deus comum

 

This mantis species is commonly known as a Praying Mantis due to the way it often holds its front legs as if in prayer.

 

 

European Mantis hunting a Longtailed Blue.

European Mantis hunting a Longtailed Blue.

European Mantis with Bristle Fly prey.

 

 

European Mantis with Bristle Fly prey.

 

 

Conehead Mantis

Empusa pennata

Louva a Deus

 

Nymph.

Nymph.

 

Striped Shieldbug

Graphosoma lineatum

Percevejo riscado

 

Striped Shieldbugs mating (Graphosoma lineatum italicum).

 

 

Red Shieldbug

Carpocoris mediterraneus

 

Red Shieldbug.

 

 

Soldier Bug

Spilostethus pandurus

Percevejo

 

Soldier Bug on a Sea Squill flower spike.

 

 

Bug Sp.

 

 

Bug Sp. on Crown Daisy.

 

 

Bug Sp.

Centrocoris variegatus

 

Bug Sp. Centrocoris variegatus.

 

 

Water Beetle

Cybister lateralimarginalis

Escaravelho de água

 

 

 

Redstriped Oil Beetle

Berberomeloe majali

Vaca loura

 

Redstriped Oil Beetle.

This is the rarer all black morph of the Redstriped Oil Beetle.

 

Darkling Beetle Sp.

Heliotaurus ruficollis

Escaravelho ou capuchinho
 

Darkling Beetle Sp. Heliotaurus ruficollis. Escaravelho ou capuchinho. Feeding on Limestone Lettuce.

Darkling Beetle Sp. Heliotaurus ruficollis. Escaravelho ou capuchinho. Feeding on Limestone Lettuce.

 

Apple Blossom Beetle

Tropinota hirta

 

Apple Blossom Beetles on Crown Daisy.

 

 

Checkered Beetle Sp.

Trichodes octopunctatus

 

A species of Checkered Beetle.

 

 

Hover Fly Sp.

Eupeodes corollae

Mosca das flores

 

Hover Fly on Corn Marigold. Eupeodes corollae. Mosca das flores.

 

 

Drone Fly

Eristalis tenax

 

 

A Drone Fly is a very common species of Hover Fly that is found all over the world.

Bristle Fly Sp.

Nowickia ferox

 

 

Bristle Fly feeding on Yellow Fleabane.

Potter - Mason Wasp Sp.

Eumenes Sp.

 

 

Furrow Bee Sp.

Halictus Sp.

 

 

 

Fourstriped Digger Bee

Amegilla quadrifasciata

 

 

 

Violet Carpenter Bee

Xylocopa violacea

Abelha carpinteira

 

Violet Carpenter Bee feeding on Strawberry Tree flowers.

 

 

 

 

Large Earth Bumble Bee

Bombus terrestris

Abelhão terrestre

 

Large Earth Bumble Bee drinking nectar from Wild Radish.

 

 

European Honey Bee

Apis mellifera

Abelha europeia

 

European Honey Bee visiting Yellow Fleabane flowers.

Mammoth Wasp

Megascolia bidens

 

 

Female Mammoth Wasp. Females have orange colouration on the front of the head and orange antennae unlike males which have black heads and longer orange antennae.

Females have two pairs of large yellow blotches on the abdomen (as here), while males only have one pair of large yellow blotches.

Female.

Large Yellowheaded Scoliid Wasp

Megascolia maculata

Vespa mamute

 

Female Large Yellowheaded Scoliid Wasp (Another species of Mammoth Wasp). Males have all black head whereas females have orange or yellow on head.

 

 

Drinking at Bulrush Pond.

 

Sand Wasp Sp.

Ammophila Sp.s

 

 

 

Common Wasp

Vespula vulgaris

Vespa

 

European Paper Wasp

Polistes dominula

Vespa do papel europeia

 

Drinking at Bulrush Pond.

 

 

Pollen Wasp Sp.

Jugurtia dispar

 

Pollen Wasps behave more like bees. They feed their young on pollen and nectar rather than insects unlike most wasps.

Gathering to drink at Bulrush Pond.

These wasps do not have stings.

Potter Wasp Sp.

Eumenes subpomiformis

 

A species of Potter Wasp (Eumenes subpomiformis).

A species of Potter Wasp (Eumenes subpomiformis).

 

Digger Wasp Sp.

Bembix oculata

 

Female Digger Wasp. Males do not have the two "eye spots" on the abdomen.

Female Digger Wasp in front of her nest burrow.

Female Digger Wasp at burrow entrance.

 

Dotted Bee-fly

Bombylius discolor

 

Dotted Bee-fly. Bombylius discolor. Photo by Chris.

Dotted Bee-fly. Bombylius discolor. Photo by Chris.

Dotted Bee-fly. Bombylius discolor. Photo by Chris.

Bee Fly Sp.

Bombylius cruciatus

 

 

Female Bee Fly Bombylius cruciatus feeding on nectar of Sweet Scabious.

Female Bee Fly Bombylius cruciatus.

 

Common Pondskater

Gerris lacustris

Alfaiate

 

Common Pondskater. Gerris lacustris. Alfaiate.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Insect Species List :

Insects
English Name Scientific Name Portuguese Name
       
1 European Mole Cricket Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa Ralo
2 Egyptian Grasshopper Anacridium aegyptium Gafanhoto do egipto
3 Blue Bandwinged Grasshopper Oedipoda caerulescens Gafanhoto de asas azuis
4 European Mantis Mantis religiosa Louva a deus comum
5 Conehead Mantis Empusa pennata Louva a deus
6 Striped Shieldbug Graphosoma lineatum Percevejo riscado
7 Red Shieldbug Carpocoris mediterraneus  
8 Soldier Bug Spilostethus pandurus Percevejo
9 Bug Sp.    
10 Bug Sp. Centrocoris variegatus  
11 Water Beetle Cybister lateralimarginalis Escaravelho de água
12 Redstriped Oil Beetle Berberomeloe majali Vaca loura
13 Darkling Beetle Sp. Heliotaurus ruficollis Escaravelho ou capuchinho
14 Apple Blossom Beetle Tropinota hirta  
15 Checkered Beetle Sp. Trichodes octopunctatus  
16 Hoverfly Sp. Eupeodes corollae  
17 Drone Fly Eristalis tenax  
18 Bristle Fly Sp. Nowickia ferox  
19 Potter-Mason Wasp Sp. Eumenes Sp.  
20 Furrow Bee Sp. Halictus Sp.  
21 Fourstriped Digger Bee Amegilla quadrifasciata  
22 Violet Carpenter Bee Xylocopa violacea Abelha carpinteira
23 Large Earth Bumble Bee Bombus terrestris Abelhão terrestre
24 European Honey Bee Apis mellifera Abelha europeia
25 Mammoth Wasp Megascolia bidens  
26 Large Yellowheaded Scoliid Wasp Megascolia maculata Vespa mamute
27 Sand Wasp Sp. Ammophila Sp.  
28 Common Wasp Vespula vulgaris Vespa
29 European Paper Wasp Polistes dominula Vespa do papel europeia
30 Pollen Wasp Sp. Jugurtia dispar  
31 Potter Wasp Sp. Eumenes subpomiformis  
32 Digger Wasp Sp. Bembix oculata  
33 Dotted Bee-fly Bombylius discolor  
34 Bee-fly Sp. Bombylius cruciatus  
35 Common Pondskater Gerris lacustris Alfaiate

 

 

 

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