Portugal Wildlife

Guide to the Insects of a Wildlife Reserve in Baixo Alentejo

All Photographs were taken by the website author on the reserve unless otherwise stated.

Species Notes Photographs Photographs Photographs

European Mole Cricket

Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa

Ralo

 

 

 

European Mantis

Mantis religiosa

Louva a deus comum

 

This mantis species is commonly known as a Praying Mantis due to the way it often holds its front legs as if in prayer.

 

Striped Shieldbug

Graphosoma lineatum

Percevejo riscado

 

Striped Shieldbugs mating (Graphosoma lineatum italicum).

 

 

Red Shieldbug

Carpocoris mediterraneus

 

Red Shieldbug.

 

 

Soldier Bug

Spilostethus pandurus

Percevejo

 

Soldier Bug on a Sea Squill flower spike.

 

 

Bug Sp.

 

 

Bug Sp. on Crown Daisy.

 

 

Bug Sp.

Centrocoris variegatus

 

Bug Sp. Centrocoris variegatus.

 

 

Water Beetle

Cybister lateralimarginalis

Escaravelho de água

 

 

 

Redstriped Oil Beetle

Berberomeloe majali

Vaca loura

 

Redstriped Oil Beetle.

This is the rarer all black morph of the Redstriped Oil Beetle.

 

Darkling Beetle Sp.

Heliotaurus ruficollis

Escaravelho ou capuchinho
 

Darkling Beetle Sp. Heliotaurus ruficollis. Escaravelho ou capuchinho. Feeding on Limestone Lettuce.

Darkling Beetle Sp. Heliotaurus ruficollis. Escaravelho ou capuchinho. Feeding on Limestone Lettuce.

 

Apple Blossom Beetle

Tropinota hirta

 

Apple Blossom Beetles on Crown Daisy.

 

 

Checkered Beetle Sp.

Trichodes octopunctatus

 

A species of Checkered Beetle.

 

 

Hover Fly Sp.

Eupeodes corollae

Mosca das flores

 

Hover Fly on Corn Marigold. Eupeodes corollae. Mosca das flores.

 

 

Fourstriped Digger Bee

Amegilla quadrifasciata

 

 

 

Large Earth Bumble Bee

Bombus terrestris

Abelhão terrestre

 

Large Earth Bumble Bee drinking nectar from Wild Radish.

 

 

Mammoth Wasp

Megascolia bidens

 

 

Female Mammoth Wasp. Females have orange colouration on the front of the head and orange antennae unlike males which have black heads and longer orange antennae.

Females have two pairs of large yellow blotches on the abdomen (as here), while males only have one pair of large yellow blotches.

Female.

Large Yellowheaded Scoliid Wasp

Megascolia maculata

Vespa mamute

 

Female Large Yellowheaded Scoliid Wasp (Another species of Mammoth Wasp). Males have all black head whereas females have orange or yellow on head.

 

 

Drinking at Bulrush Pond.

 

Sand Wasp Sp.

Ammophila Sp.s

 

 

 

European Paper Wasp

Polistes dominula

Vespa do papel europeia

 

Drinking at Bulrush Pond.

 

 

Pollen Wasp Sp.

Jugurtia dispar

 

Pollen Wasps behave more like bees. They feed their young on pollen and nectar rather than insects unlike most wasps.

Gathering to drink at Bulrush Pond.

These wasps do not have stings.

Potter Wasp Sp.

Eumenes subpomiformis

 

A species of Potter Wasp (Eumenes subpomiformis).

A species of Potter Wasp (Eumenes subpomiformis).

 

Digger Wasp Sp.

Bembix oculata

 

Female Digger Wasp. Males do not have the two "eye spots" on the abdomen.

Female Digger Wasp in front of her nest burrow.

Female Digger Wasp at burrow entrance.

 

Dotted Bee-fly

Bombylius discolor

 

Dotted Bee-fly. Bombylius discolor. Photo by Chris.

Dotted Bee-fly. Bombylius discolor. Photo by Chris.

Dotted Bee-fly. Bombylius discolor. Photo by Chris.

Bee Fly Sp.

Bombylius cruciatus

 

 

Female Bee Fly Bombylius cruciatus feeding on nectar of Sweet Scabious.

Female Bee Fly Bombylius cruciatus.

 

Common Pondskater

Gerris lacustris

Alfaiate

 

Common Pondskater. Gerris lacustris. Alfaiate.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Insect Species List :

English Name Scientific Name Portuguese Name
       
1 European Mole Cricket Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa Ralo
2 European Mantis Mantis religiosa Louva a deus comum
3 Striped Shieldbug Graphosoma lineatum Percevejo riscado
4 Red Shieldbug Carpocoris mediterraneus  
5 Soldier Bug Spilostethus pandurus Percevejo
6 Bug Sp.    
7 Bug Sp. Centrocoris variegatus  
8 Water Beetle Cybister lateralimarginalis Escaravelho de água
9 Redstriped Oil Beetle Berberomeloe majali Vaca loura
10 Darkling Beetle Sp. Heliotaurus ruficollis Escaravelho ou capuchinho
11 Apple Blossom Beetle Tropinota hirta  
12 Checkered Beetle Sp. Trichodes octopunctatus  
13 Hoverfly Sp. Eupeodes corollae  
14 Fourstriped Digger Bee Amegilla quadrifasciata  
15 Large Earth Bumble Bee Bombus terrestris Abelhão terrestre
16 Mammoth Wasp Megascolia bidens  
17 Large Yellowheaded Scoliid Wasp Megascolia maculata Vespa mamute
18 Sand Wasp Sp. Ammophila Sp.  
19 European Paper Wasp Polistes dominula Vespa do papel europeia
20 Pollen Wasp Sp. Jugurtia dispar  
21 Potter Wasp Sp. Eumenes subpomiformis  
22 Digger Wasp Sp. Bembix oculata  
23 Dotted Bee-fly Bombylius discolor  
24 Bee-fly Sp. Bombylius cruciatus  
25 Common Pondskater Gerris lacustris Alfaiate

 

 

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