Portugal Wildlife

Guide to the Mammals of a Wildlife Reserve in Baixo Alentejo

All Photographs were taken by the website author on the reserve unless otherwise stated.

Species IUCN Red List Status Photographs Photographs Photographs

Western Hedgehog

Erinaceus europaeus

Ouriço cacheiro

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern; Population Trend Stable; Last Assessed Sep 2016

 

 

Rescued Juvenile Western Hedgehog re-homed in our Wildlife Reserve.

Rescued Juvenile before its release in our Wildlife Reserve.

 

Greater White-toothed Shrew

Crocidura russula

Musaranho de dentes brancos

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern; Population Trend Stable; Last Assessed Sep 2016

 

 

Iberian Mole

Talpa occidentalis

Toupeira de Cabrera

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern; Population Trend Stable; Last Assessed Jan 2016

Molehill thrown up by burrowing Iberian Mole.

 

 

Greater Horseshoe Bat

Rhinolophus ferrumequinum

Morcego de ferradura grande

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern; Population Trend Decreasing; Last Assessed Apr 2016

Identification and Sonogram recorded with an Echo Meter Touch 2 Bat Detector attached to an iPad.

Natterer's Myotis

Myotis nattereri

Morcego de franja

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern; Population Trend Stable; Last Assessed Jun 2008

Identification and Sonogram recorded with an Echo Meter Touch 2 Bat Detector attached to an iPad.

Kuhl's Pipistrelle

Pipistrellus kuhlii

Morcego de Kuhl

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern; Population Trend Unknown; Last Assessed Apr 2016

Identification and Sonogram recorded with an Echo Meter Touch 2 Bat Detector attached to an iPad.

Common Pipistrelle

Pipistrellus pipistrellus

Morcego anão

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern; Population Trend Stable; Last Assessed Jun 2008

Identification and Sonogram recorded with an Echo Meter Touch 2 Bat Detector attached to an iPad.

Soprano Pipistrelle

Pipistrellus pygmaeus

Morcego pigmeu

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern; Population Trend Unknown; Last Assessed Apr 2016

Identification and Sonogram recorded with an Echo Meter Touch 2 Bat Detector attached to an iPad.

Iberian Hare

Lepus granatensis

Lebre ibérica

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern; Population Trend Stable; Last Assessed Jun 2008

 

 

 

 

Iberian Hare at night.

 

 

Iberian Hare standing upright showing distinctive white markings on its underside.

 

 

Iberian Hares chasing each other at night.

 

 

 

 

European Rabbit

Oryctolagus cuniculus algirus

Coelho bravo

IUCN Red List Status:

Near Threatened; Population Trend Decreasing; Last Assessed Jun 2008

 

 

Extraordinary trailcamera sequence of airborne Rabbit coming down to earth !

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rabbit uses orchard irrigation pipes as early morning 'air conditioning' in spell of 40 degree weather.

 

 

 

Southwestern Water Vole

Arvicola sapidus

Rato de água

IUCN Red List Status:

Vulnerable; Population Trend Decreasing; Last Assessed Jun 2008

 

Mediterranean Pine Vole

Microtus duodecimcostatus

Rato cego mediterrânico

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern; Population Trend Stable; Last Assessed Aug 2016

The Mediterranean Pine Vole is only found in Iberia and France.

Mediterranean Pine Voles are generally diurnal.

Wood Mouse

Apodemus sylvaticus

Ratinho do campo ; Rato do campo

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern; Population Trend Stable; Last Assessed Sep 2016

Wood Mice are generally nocturnal.

 

Black Rat

Rattus rattus

Ratazana preta; Rata negra

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern; Population Trend Stable; Last Assessed Sep 2016

The tail is longer than the head and body combined, a feature that distinguishes the Black Rat from the similar Brown Rat.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Garden Dormouse

Eliomys quercinus

Leirão ; Rato dos pomares

IUCN Red List Status:

Near Threatened; Population Trend Decreasing; Last Assessed Jun 2008

 

Garden Dormouse next to Dormouse Nestbox in Iberian Holm Oak.

 

 

Garden Dormouse caught by nesting Common Barn Owl.

 

 

 

Iberian Fox

Vulpes vulpes silacea

Raposa

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern; Population Trend Stable; Last Assessed Mar 2016

IUCN Red List Status for Red Fox / Vulpes vulpes

 

 

Well-grown Iberian Fox Cub.

Three well-grown Iberian Fox cubs.

 

 

Iberian Fox in misty weather at night.

 

Iberian Fox taking an interest in a Grey Heron in Windmill Pond one early morning.

 

 

Three well-grown Iberian Fox cubs.

Well-grown Iberian Fox Cub.

 

 

Well-grown Iberian Fox Cub.

 

 

Nice daytime Trail Cam photo

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nice view of a dog Fox's brush (tail).

 

 

 

 

 

 

Iberian Fox carrying redlegged partridge chick in its mouth. Most likely to be taken back to cubs at its den as a fox would normally just eat its prey where it was caught.

 

 

First ever Trail Cam photo showing two Iberian Foxes

 

Weasel

Mustela nivalis

Doninha

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern; Population Trend Stable; Last Assessed Mar 2015

Weasel - probably a male judging from its size (21 cm excluding tail). Climbing an Iberian Holm Oak that has a "Dormouse" nestbox in it, possibly occupied by Wood Mice.

Weasel descending tree, presumably having checked the nestbox for prey.

 

Mediterranean Polecat

Mustela putorius aureola

Toirão

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern; Population Trend Decreasing; Last Assessed Mar 2016

IUCN Red List Status for Western Polecat / Mustela putorius

 

 

 

 

Beech Marten

Martes foina

Garduña; Fuinha

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern; Population Trend Stable; Last Assessed Mar 2015

Iberian Badger

Meles meles marianensis

Texugo

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern; Population Trend Stable; Last Assessed Mar 2015

IUCN Red List Status for Eurasian Badger / Meles meles

Courtship behaviour: The Iberian Badger on the left (sleek, narrow head) is a female. And the badger in front is a male with its fur fluffed up and tail raised to signify that it is sexually excited.

First sighting of two Iberian Badgers together. Male badgers tend to mate for life with the same female.

Our partly white-faced Iberian Badger. An easy individual to recognise. And regular visitor.

 

 

Large, powerful claws clearly visible.

Iberian Badger foraging during a cold and misty winter's night.

 

 

Drinking at Natural Spring.

Scenting.

 

 

Badger feeding at night below bird feeders and also perhaps digging up insect larvae from rock-hard soil.

A nice fluffy tail.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Badger at dusk.

 

 

Eurasian Otter

Lutra lutra

Lontra

IUCN Red List Status:

Near Threatened; Population Trend Decreasing; Last Assessed Jun 2014

Three Otters. Adult Female with two young ones. October 2018.

 

 

Taken with a new Trail Camera that takes Colour photographs at night (using a white light flash instead of the usual infra-red flash): An Eurasian Otter !

Three Otters. Probably the same pair of Otters seen showing mating behaviour in September 2017. Otters can exhibit delayed implantation of fertilised eggs so that the birth of the young can be delayed to a more suitable season.

Three Otters.

 

 

Probable Female.

Probable Male - noticeably larger.

Dog Otter (Male).

 

 

The Male Otter and presumed father of the two young otters.

Two Otters drinking at Spring.

 

 

Two Otters.

 

 

 

 

Two Otters. Showing mating behaviour. Sept 2017.

 

 

Common Genet

Genetta genetta genetta

Geneta

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern; Population Trend Stable; Last Assessed Feb 2015

Extremely rare - A melanistic Common Genet.

 

 

 

 

A ghostly glimpse of an elusive Genet on a misty Winter's night.

Iberian Mongoose

Herpestes ichneumon widdringtonii

Sacarrabos ; Manguço

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern; Population Trend Stable; Last Assessed Feb 2016

IUCN Red List Status for Egyptian Mongoose / Herpestes ichneumon

 

 

Female on left and much larger male on the right.

 

 

Iberian Mongoose that has caught young European Rabbit from a rabbit warren.

Iberian Mongoose hunting for European Rabbits in rabbit burrow.

Two Iberian Mongooses amongst Spring flowers.

 

 

The Iberian sub-species of the Egyptian Mongoose is larger than other sub-species.

The Iberian sub-species of the Egyptian Mongoose has evolved since it was likely introduced in the 700s by the Moors.

 

 

Three Iberian Mongooses visiting the pond hide at night.

Male Iberian Mongooses are significantly larger than females.

 

 

 

 

Male Iberian Mongoose drinking.

Showing Tail.

 

 

Male on the right, smaller Female on the left.

European Wildcat

Felis silvestris silvestris

Gato bravo ; Gato cabeçanas

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern; Population Trend Decreasing; Last Assessed Apr 2014

 

 

 

 

Wild Boar

Sus scrofa

Javali

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern; Population Trend Unknown; Last Assessed Jun 2008

Wild Boar drinking at Natural Spring that keeps the grass green even in the height of a dry summer.

 

Having a mud bath at Spring.

 

 

Rootling through soft mud at edge of Windmill Pond.

Wild Boar at damp edge of Windmill Pond.

 

 

 

26th June 2018: Saw Female Wild Boar with Sounder of at least Five Mid-size Piglets. Approx 8.30 am.

More Wild Boar rootings.

Wild Boar Tracks (Spoor).

 

 

Area of ground that has been dug up by the snout of a Wild Boar looking for edible items such as plant roots and tubers.

Wild Boar Footprints (spoor).

Digging at Spring with snout.

 

 

 

 

 

 

The chart below shows the IUCN Red list categories. The further towards the right hand side, the more serious are the threats to a particular species.

Mammal Species List :

  English Scientific Portuguese IUCN Red List Status:
         
1 Western Hedgehog Erinaceus europaeus Ouriço cacheiro Least Concern; Population Trend Stable; Last Assessed Sep 2016
2 Greater White-toothed Shrew Crocidura russula Musaranho de dentes brancos Least Concern; Population Trend Stable; Last Assessed Sep 2016
3 Iberian Mole Talpa occidentalis Toupeira de Cabrera Least Concern; Population Trend Stable; Last Assessed Jan 2016
4 Greater Horseshoe Bat Rhinolophus ferrumequinum Morcego de ferradura grande Least Concern; Population Trend Decreasing; Last Assessed Apr 2016
5 Natterer's Myotis Myotis nattereri Morcego de franja Least Concern; Population Trend Stable; Last Assessed Jun 2008
6 Kuhl's Pipistrelle Pipistrellus kuhlii Morcego de Kuhl Least Concern; Population Trend Unknown; Last Assessed Apr 2016
7 Common Pipistrelle Pipistrellus pipistrellus Morcego anão Least Concern; Population Trend Stable; Last Assessed Jun 2008
8 Soprano Pipistrelle Pipistrellus pygmaeus Morcego pigmeu Least Concern; Population Trend Unknown; Last Assessed Apr 2016
9 Iberian Hare Lepus granatensis granatensis Lebre ibérica Least Concern; Population Trend Stable; Last Assessed Jun 2008
10 European Rabbit Oryctolagus cuniculus algirus Coelho bravo Near Threatened; Population Trend Decreasing; Last Assessed Jun 2008
11 Southwestern Water Vole Arvicola sapidus Rato de água Vulnerable; Population Trend Decreasing; Last Assessed Jun 2008
12 Mediterranean Pine Vole Microtus duodecimcostatus Rato cego mediterrânico Least Concern; Population Trend Stable; Last Assessed Aug 2016
13 Wood Mouse Apodemus sylvaticus Ratinho do campo ; Rato do campo Least Concern; Population Trend Stable; Last Assessed Sep 2016
14 Black Rat Rattus rattus Rato preto; Ratazana preta Least Concern; Population Trend Stable; Last Assessed Sep 2016
15 Garden Dormouse Eliomys quercinus Leirão ; Rato dos pomares Near Threatened; Population Trend Decreasing; Last Assessed Jun 2008
16 Iberian Fox Vulpes vulpes silacea Raposa Least Concern; Population Trend Stable; Last Assessed Mar 2016
17 Weasel Mustela nivalis Doninha Least Concern; Population Trend Stable; Last Assessed Mar 2015
18 Mediterranean Polecat Mustela putorius aureola Toirão Least Concern; Population Trend Decreasing; Last Assessed Mar 2016
19 Beech Marten Martes foina Garduña ; Fuinha Least Concern; Population Trend Stable; Last Assessed Mar 2015
20 Iberian Badger Meles meles marianensis Texugo Least Concern; Population Trend Stable; Last Assessed Mar 2015
21 Eurasian Otter Lutra lutra Lontra Near Threatened; Population Trend Decreasing; Last Assessed Jun 2014
22 Common Genet Genetta genetta genetta Geneta Least Concern; Population Trend Stable; Last Assessed Feb 2015
23 Iberian Mongoose Herpestes ichneumon widdringtonii Sacarrabos ; Manguço Least Concern; Population Trend Stable; Last Assessed Feb 2016
24 European Wildcat Felis silvestris silvestris Gato bravo ; Gato cabeçanas Least Concern; Population Trend Decreasing; Last Assessed April 2014
25 Wild Boar Sus scrofa Javali Least Concern; Population Trend Unknown; Last Assessed Jun 2008

European Distribution Maps for the above species of Mammal can be found here: Mammal Maps

 

Links to detailed webpages:

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