Portugal Wildlife

Guide to the Reptiles & Amphibians of an Alentejano Wildlife Reserve

All Photographs were taken by the website author on the reserve unless otherwise stated.

Species Notes Photographs Photographs Photographs

Iberian Pond Turtle

Mauremys leprosa leprosa

Cágado
 

Probably a Juvenile. The yellow curlicues on the head and neck distinguish this Iberian Pond Turtle from the similar European pond terrapin.

Swimming. Showing tail rather clearly.

 

 

 

 

First sighting of the year was on 4th March.

 

 

Iberian Pond Turtle in Windmill Pond.

 

Moorish Gecko

Tarentola mauritanica

Osga
 

Note red spots between toes.

During the day the Gecko hides in the gap between the Column and the Garage wall.

 

 

Crepuscular and nocturnal

Moorish Gecko hiding in space between pillar and wall during the daytime.

 

Western Sand Racer or Western Psammodromus

Psammodromus occidentalis

 

 

 

Quite a small lizard

 

Algerian Sand Lizard or Large Psammodromus

Psammodromus algirus

Lagartixo do mato

 

Much larger than Western sand racer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

 

 

Horseshoe Whip Snake

Coluber hippocrepis

Cobra de ferradura
 

Non-venomous.

 

Viperine Snake

Natrix maura

Cobra de água viperina
 

Non-venomous.

A mostly aquatic snake that feeds primarily on amphibians (and fish - but fish not yet recorded on the reserve).

 

 

 

 

Western Montpellier Snake

Malpolon monspessulanus

Cobra rateira
 

Male Western Montpelier Snake showing yellowish front part of body.

 

 

Snake

 

Snake Skin shed by unknown species of snake. Perhaps 90 cm in length.

 

 

 

   

 

 

Sharp-ribbed newt

Pleurodeles waltl

Salamandra de costelas salientes
 

Sharp-ribbed Newt. This species has an amazing defence mechanism. Along each flank is a row of orange spots. When picked up and threatened they poke their ribs through the spots, where they pick up some venom, so the sharp rib points inject poison into their potential attacked promting it to let the newt go.

Sharp-ribbed Newt just prior to being released into our pond.

Sharp-ribbed Newt.

 

 

Two Sharp-ribbed newts being relocated to my pond having been discovered in my borehole cistern during cleaning operations.

Two Sharp-ribbed Newts discovered on the reserve. This species is listed as ‘Near Threatened’ on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Very exciting news indeed. Very exciting to have the opportunity to provide a safe home for a near threatened amphibian. Hopefully they will stay in our pond and thrive.

 

Natterjack Toad

Epidalea calamita

Sapo corredor
 

Natterjack Toad - A nocturnal species, photographed at night.

Seen at the end of November when Natterjacks start to breed after the rains have begun.

Natterjacks living in Southern Iberia often do not have the dorsal stripe common to more Northerly Natterjacks.

Iberian Tree Frog

Hyla molleri

Rã arborícola ibérico

 

 

 

 

 

Iberian Water Frog

Pelodytes perezi

Rã verde
 

Iberian Water Frog vocalising. The sound waves are 'visible' in the water.

Iberian Water Frog calling.

 

 

Baby Iberian Water Frog sitting in shallow water of the Spring that produces some of the water for the Windmill Pond.

 

 

Iberian Water Frog - Eardrum is clearly visible.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reptile Species List :

1 Iberian Pond Turtle Mauremys leprosa leprosa Cágado Vulnerable
2 Moorish Gecko Tarentola mauritanica Osga comum  
3 Western Sand Racer or Western Psammodromus Psammodromus occidentalis    
4 Algerian Sand Lizard or Large Psammodromus Psammodromus algirus Lagartixo do mato  
5 Horseshoe Whip Snake Hemorrhois hippocrepis Cobra de ferradura  
6 Viperine Snake Natrix maura Cobra de água viperina  
7 Western Montpellier Snake Malpolon monspessulanus Cobra rateira  

 

Amphibian Species List :

1 Sharp-ribbed newt Pleurodeles waltl Salamandra de costelas salientes
2 Natterjack Toad Epidalea calamita Sapo corredor
3 Iberian Tree Frog Hyla molleri Rã arborícola ibérico
4 Iberian Water Frog Pelodytes perezi Rã verde

 

Wildlife Photographic Galleries :

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Reptiles & Amphibians

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Email Contact: lince@portugalwildlife.com

 

 

 

 

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