Portugal Wildlife

Spring Watch: Wildlife Seen at a natural Spring (Water Source)

White Stork

Ciconia ciconia ciconia

Cegonha branca

Resident. Breed just outside the reserve. Leave the area ± August to October.

White Stork with a Coloured leg-ring foraging at our Spring on 6th January 2018. This bird is 21 years old ! It was ringed in Portugal a distance of 12km away, on 26th May 1997. 20 Years, 7 Months and 11 Days before it was spotted at our reserve.

The same Stork was sighted in the Algarve in February 2018.

 

 

  BIRDS

 

 

Eurasian Buzzard

Buteo buteo buteo

Águia d'asa redonda
Resident.

Eurasian Buzzard at Spring

Redlegged Partridge

Alectoris rufa hispanica

Perdiz
Breeding Resident.

Family party of Redlegged Partridges at Spring.

 

Wood Pigeon

Columba palumbus palumbus

Pombo torcaz
Resident.

Little Owl

Athene noctua vidalii

Mocho galego
Common Breeding Resident.

Little Owl watching Iberian Badger visit the Spring.

Little Owl and Iberian Hare at Spring.

Meadow Pipit

Anthus pratensis pratensis

Petinha dos prados
Winter visitor.

 

Eurasian Stonechat

Saxicola torquatus rubicola

Cartaxo
Common Breeding Resident.

Female.

 

 

Common Blackbird

Turdus merula merula

Melro
Common Breeding Resident. Shy.

Female.

Male.

Female at Spring.

Eurasian Nuthatch

Sitta europaea hispaniensis

Trepadeira azul
Common Breeding Resident.

 

 

 

Eurasian Jay

Garrulus glandarius fasciatus

Gaio
Common Resident.

 

 

Iberian Azurewinged Magpie

Cyanopica cooki

Charneco
Very Common Breeding Resident.

 

 

Spotless Starling

Sturnus unicolor

Estorninho preto
Very Common Breeding Resident.

Spotless Starlings and Iberian Azurewinged Magpies.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  MAMMALS

 

 

Iberian Hare

Lepus granatensis

Lebre iberica
 

 

 

Iberian Fox

Vulpes vulpes silacea

Raposa
 

Mediterranean Polecat

Mustela putorius aureola

Toirão
 

Iberian Badger

Meles meles marianensis

Texugo
 

This Badger has a white patch on its face instead of the usual black stripe through its left eye, making it easy to identify this individual.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Badger at dusk.

 

 

Eurasian Otter

Lutra lutra

Lontra
 

Two Otters drinking at spring.

 

 

 

 

Iberian Mongoose

Herpestes ichneumon widdringtonii

Sacarrabos ; Manguço
 

 

 

 

 

Wild Boar

Sus scrofa

Javali
 

Digging at Spring with snout.

Having a mud bath at Spring.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

REPTILES & AMPHIBIANS

 

 

Iberian Water Frog

Pelodytes perezi

Rã verde
 

Baby Iberian Water Frog sitting in shallow water of the Spring that produces some of the water for the Windmill Pond.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

DRAGONFLIES

 

 

Broad Scarlet or Scarlet Dragonfly

Crocothemis erythraea

Libélula escarlate
 

Male. Note red legs which distinguish it from a Redveined Darter.

Note the marked red basal suffusion to the wings of this male Broad Scarlet.

 

 

Male Broad Scarlet. Note the breadth of the abdomen which gives this dragonfly its name.

Male.

Note the marked red basal suffusion to the wings of this male Broad Scarlet.

 

 

Female. Note white dorsal stripe on thorax.

The Broad Scarlet (36-45mm long) is a little larger than a Redveined Darter (33-40mm long).

Male. The bright green foliage behind the dragonfly is grass growing at the spring which helps fill Windmill Pond. So even in late August this area is wet and alive with dragonflies

Epaulet Skimmer

Orthetrum chrysostigma

Ortétrum de faixa branca
 

Note the characteristic slender and waisted abdomen near its base.

Male.

Male. Note the small yellowish patch at base of hindwing which distinguishes this dragonfly from similar species.

 

 

This species is widespread in Northwest Africa and across the Mediterranean basin from Portugal to Turkey.

 

 

Long Skimmer

Orthetrum trinacria

Ortétrum comprido
 

Male. This species is quite large: 51-67mm in length.

 

 

Redveined Darter

Sympetrum fonscolombii

Libélula de nervuras vermelhas
 

Male. Note Black legs with yellowish stripes which distinguish this species from a Broad Scarlet.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Natural Spring that helps to feed the Windmill Pond with water. When the pond dries up in the Autumn, the Spring is the only source of water for thirsty animals. Spring: A place where water naturally flows out of the ground.

Spring 2018 03 07: Following rains and inflows from the upstream river, the Spring is now under several feet of water (perhaps a bit under 2m).

Spring leading to Windmill Pond, which is bone dry in October 2017.

Close up of Spring's water source (centre of picture).

12th December 2017: Area around the Spring (on far right) after nearly 40 mm of rainfall during the week.

Spring:

Spring after 'remodelling' by Wild Boar:

Mud Bath after visit to Spring by a Wild Boar:

 

Wildlife Seen at Spring
BIRDS
1 White Stork Ciconia ciconia ciconia Cegonha branca
2 Eurasian Buzzard Buteo buteo buteo Águia d'asa redonda
3 Redlegged Partridge Alectoris rufa hispanica Perdiz
4 Common Woodpigeon Columba palumbus palumbus Pombo torcaz
5 Little Owl Athene noctua vidalii Mocho galego
6 Eurasian Hoopoe Upupa epops epops Poupa
7 Meadow Pipit Anthus pratensis pratensis Petinha dos prados
8 Eurasian Stonechat Saxicola torquatus rubicola Cartaxo
9 Common Blackbird Turdus merula merula Melro
10 Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaea hispaniensis Trepadeira azul
11 Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius fasciatus Gaio
12 Iberian Azurewinged Magpie Cyanopica cooki Charneco
13 Spotless Starling Sturnus unicolor Estorninho preto
MAMMALS
1 Iberian Hare Lepus granatensis granatensis Lebre iberica
2 Iberian Fox Vulpes vulpes silacea Raposa
3 Mediterranean Polecat Mustela putorius aureola Toirão
4 Iberian Badger Meles meles marianensis Texugo
5 Eurasian Otter Lutra lutra Lontra
6 Iberian Mongoose Herpestes ichneumon widdringtonii Sacarrabos ; Manguço
7 Wild Boar Sus scrofa Javali
REPTILES & AMPHIBIANS
1 Iberian Water Frog Pelodytes perezi Rã verde
DRAGONFLIES
1 Broad Scarlet or Scarlet Dragonfly Crocothemis erythraea Libélula escarlate
2 Epaulet Skimmer Orthetrum chrysostigma Ortétrum de faixa branca
3 Long Skimmer Orthetrum trinacria Ortétrum comprido
4 Redveined Darter Sympetrum fonscolombii Libélula de nervuras vermelhas
25 <--- Total Number of Species Recorded

 

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