Portugal Wildlife


Gallery of some of the tree species found on the wildlife reserve. All the photographs are taken on the reserve.

Species Notes Photographs Photographs Photographs

Common Alder

Alnus glutinosa


Leaves sprouting on newly planted Common Alder.








Strawberry Tree

Arbutus unedo


Close up of Strawberry tree planted in the nature reserve.

Strawberry tree newly planted in scrubby area.








Olea europaea



Approximately 70 year old Olive tree after choking Rock Rose scrub (more in background) has been cleared away from base of the tree.

Same Olive tree before the Rock Rose scrub was cleared as part of Olive grove management program.

Some of the approximately 100 Olive trees on the newly acquired land that is now being used as an Olive grove, Cork Oak plantation and wildlife reserve. Cork Oaks and Olive trees are typcial species found in areas inhabited by Iberian Lynx. So land management will favour these species to help create land that could eventually be populated by lynx.



Olive flowers. Now the Olive grove is being managed again after years of neglect it is hoped that the Olive trees will produce a crop of Olive Oil. Perhaps not in this first year (2017) - but once grove management , such as clearance of scrub, composting and pruning, starts to work and boost the trees' growth.

Olive tree with Cork Oaks in background.

Olive tree.






Sweet Oak

Quercus rotundifolia


Mature Sweet oak in Spring.

Sweet oak acorns.

Sweet oak flowers.



Sweet oak flowers.

Sweet oak flowers.

Sapling Sweet oak.



Sweet oak's new leaf growth.

Sweet oak's new leaf growth.

Sweet oak.



Mature Sweet oak.

Sweet oak new leaf growth.

Mature Sweet oak with fresh leaf growth.




The Sweet oak, Quercus rotundifolia, is sometimes thought to be the same species as the Holm oak, Quercus ilex, and sometimes they are regarded as subspecies.

On this website I have taken the view that the trees are Sweet oaks, Quercus rotundifolia, and are a separate species most often found in Portugal, Spain and Morocco. The name refers to the taste of the acorns as compared to other species.

An excellent article was reprinted by the International Oak Society which discusses the Sweet Oak (Quercus rotundifolia) and confirms the position on this species of tree that I have used in my website.

The article can be found here:









Cork Oak

Quercus suber


Wonderful mature Cork Oak on the new plot just added to the wildlife reserve.

Cork Oak

Quercus suber


Bark of Cork oak.



Cork oak after bark has been harvested.

Flowers of Cork oak.



New Cork Oak just after planting in new plot of land addes to wildlife reserve.

As the Cork Oaks were not planted at an optimal time of year some temporary irrigation has been provided.







White Willow

Salix alba

Salgueiro branco




Spring leaf growth on newly planted White Willow. Part of the land is very wet for long parts of the year and the sweet oaks on it were dying so some water-loving trees have been planted to maintain tree cover.



Newly-planted White Willow.

White Willow before planting in wet area of wildlife reserve.








Tamarix africana


Newly planted Tamarisk. Despite the heat and dryness of the Alentejo, one or two parts of the nature reserve are quite wet for long periods each year. In one such area Sweet Oaks have been dying, possibly, due to the surface water. This is where three indigenous tree species that tolerate wet conditions have been planted in order to maintain tree cover. Tamarisk, White WIllow and Common Alder.
























Tree Species List :

1 Common Alder Alnus glutinosa Amieiro Native - But planted in the Wildlife Reserve
2 Strawberry Tree Arbutus unedo Medronheiro Native - But planted in the Wildlife Reserve
3 Olive Olea europaea Oliveira Native - Also commercially grown
4 Sweet Oak Quercus rotundifolia Azinheira Native
5 Cork Oak Quercus suber Sobreiro Native - Also commercially grown
6 White Willow Salix alba Salgueiro branco Native
7 Tamarisk Tamarix africana Tamargueira Native - But planted in the Wildlife Reserve


Wildlife Photographic Galleries :



Iberian Fox Gallery


Flower Meadows


Reptiles & Amphibians



Fungi, Liverworts, Mosses & Lichens

Other Wildlife

Nearby Wildlife

Other Pages :

Wildlife Pond

Wildlife at Windmill Pond

Spring Watch

Iberian Fox Gallery

Nesting 2017

Mashatu, Botswana

Kalahari Wildlife

Catalonia Wildlife

Bird Feeder Project

Conservation Management

Hide Pond Construction

Camera Trap Project

Trail Camera Equipment




Webmaster: Phil Perry - Copyright © 2017

Email Contact: lince@portugalwildlife.com





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