Portugal Wildlife

Wildlife Seen at Windmill Pond

 

  BIRDS

 

 

Little Grebe

Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis

Mergulhão pequeno

A pair of Little Grebes are breeding residents on the Windmill Pond.

Adult Little Grebe.

Three Little Grebe chicks with stripy plumage characteristic of young chicks.

 

 

Adult Little Grebe

Little Grebe with just its head above water. Little Grebes do this when they have seen possible threats and keep themselves partly hidden until they are safe to come fully to the surface.

Little Grebe in safety-mode, partly submerged.

 

 

Little Grebe chick moulting into Juvenile plumage.

Juvenile Little Grebe and parent close by.

Little Grebe in non-breeding plumage. Probably a grown up chick from an earlier or last year's brood.

 

 

Adult.

Chick losing its stripes as it moults into Juvenile plumage.

Both Parents and two of their youngsters.

Cattle Egret

Bubulcus ibis ibis

Carraceiro

 

Non-Breeding Plumage.

Flock feeding at Windmill Pond.

Little Egret

Egretta garzetta garzetta

Garça branca
 

 

Grey Heron 

Ardea cinerea cinerea

Garça real

Resident.

Adult.

Grey Heron at sunset.

Adult Grey Heron flying above Windmill Pond.

 

 

At night.

Black Stork

Ciconia nigra

Cegonha preta

Occasional.

 

White Stork

Ciconia ciconia ciconia

Cegonha branca

Seen daily in breeding season flying over the reserve. Resident. Breed just outside the reserve. Leave the area ± August to October.

White Stork drinking at Windmill Pond.

 

 

Feeding.

Mallard

Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos

Pato real
Resident.

Female Mallard feeding.

Female Mallard upending.

Female Mallard flapping wings and showing diagnostic Blue Speculum.

Eurasian Buzzard

Buteo buteo buteo

Águia d'asa redonda
Resident.

Eurasian Buzzard at Spring

Red Kite

Milvus milvus milvus

Milhafre real

Seen regularly.

Resident and Winter Migrant.

 

Griffon Vulture

Gyps fulvus fulvus

Grifo

Seen occasionally.

Resident.

 

Black Vulture

Aegypius monachus

Abutre preto

Seen occasionally.

Black Vulture and Griffon Vulture.

 

Redlegged Partridge

Alectoris rufa hispanica

Perdiz
Breeding Resident.

Adult.

 

Family party of Redlegged Partridges - with well-grown young.

 

 

 

 

 

Common Moorhen

Gallinula chloropus chloropus

Galinha d’água
Resident.

Juvenile.

 

Little Ringed Plover

Charadrius dubius curonicus

Borrelho pequeno de coleira
Summer Visitor.

 

 

Common Greenshank

Tringa nebularia

Perna verde
Winter Visitor.

Green Sandpiper

Tringa ochropus

Maçarico bique bique
Winter Visitor.

 

 

 

Wood Pigeon

Columba palumbus palumbus

Pombo torcaz
Resident.

Eurasian Collared Dove

Streptopelia decaocto

Rola turca
Common Resident.

Pair of Eurasian Collared Doves. Male displaying to drinking female.

 

Little Owl

Athene noctua vidalii

Mocho galego
Common Breeding Resident.

 

Common Kingfisher

Alcedo atthis ispida

Guarda rios
 

Common Kingfisher landing on perch in Windmill Pond.

Two Kingfishers interacting in the air.

 

 

Juvenile. Note muted colouration.

Male. The bill of a male is all blackm whereas the lower mandible of females has some orange colouration.

 

 

Common Kingfisher sitting on post placed in Windmill Pond to attract kingfishers! At Sunset. The first day after the post was put up.

 

 

Common Kingfisher with prey in bill.

Common Kingfisher with prey in bill.

 

Eurasian Hoopoe

Upupa epops epops

Poupa
Resident.

 

Great Spotted Woodpecker

Dendrocopos major hispanus

Pica pau malhardo
Resident.

Female.

 

 

Crested Lark

Galerida cristata pallida

Cotovia de poupa
Resident.

Woodlark

Lullula arborea pallida

Cotovia dos bosques
Resident.

 

Eurasian Skylark

Alauda arvensis sierra

Laverca
Resident.

 

Barn Swallow

Hirundo rustica rustica

Andorinha das chaminés
Summer Resident.

 

Redrumped Swallow

Cecropis daurica rufula

Andorinha dáurica
Summer Resident.

 

 

Meadow Pipit

Anthus pratensis pratensis

Petinha dos prados
Winter visitor.

 

Grey Wagtail

Motacilla cinerea cinerea

Alvéola cinzenta
Resident.

 

 

White Wagtail

Motacilla alba alba

Alvéola branca
Resident.

Juvenile.

Juvenile.

 

 

Adult.

 

Eurasian Stonechat

Saxicola torquatus rubicola

Cartaxo
Common Breeding Resident.

With prey in bill.

Male.

Female.

 

 

With prey in bill.

 

 

Northern Wheatear

Oenanthe oenanthe libanotica

Chasco cinzento
Autumn Migrant.

Juvenile.

Common Blackbird

Turdus merula merula

Melro
Common Breeding Resident. Shy.

Male.

Female at Spring.

Male on dried up bed of Windmill Pond.

Blue Tit

Parus caeruleus ogliastrae

Chapim azul
Very Common Breeding Resident.

 

Great Tit

Parus major corsus

Chapim real
Common Breeding Resident.

 

 

 

Eurasian Nuthatch

Sitta europaea hispaniensis

Trepadeira azul
Common Breeding Resident.

 

Southern Grey Shrike

Lanius meridionalis meridionalis

Picanço real
Common Breeding Resident.

Adult Southern Grey Shrike flying with Iberian Water Frog prey in bill.

Juvenile Southern Grey Shrike flying over the pond.

 

 

Juvenile.

Juvenile.

 

Eurasian Jay

Garrulus glandarius fasciatus

Gaio
Common Resident.

 

Iberian Azurewinged Magpie

Cyanopica cooki

Charneco
Very Common Breeding Resident.

 

 

Carrion Crow

Corvus corone corone

Gralha preta
Breeding Resident.

 

Spotless Starling

Sturnus unicolor

Estorninho preto
Very Common Breeding Resident.

Flying over Windmill Pond.

 

House Sparrow

Passer domesticus domesticus

Pardal

Very Common Breeding Resident.

 

 

Rock Sparrow

Petronia petronia petronia

Pardal francês
Resident.

White tail spots and bold eyestripe are characteristic of this species.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  MAMMALS

 

 

Iberian Hare

Lepus granatensis

Lebre iberica
 

 

 

 

 

Iberian Hare standing upright showing distinctive white markings on its underside.

 

 

An Iberian Hare regularly visits the Windmill Pond at Dawn, Dusk and during the night.

 

 

Feeding.

Iberian Hare at Windmill Pond at dawn.

 

 

Iberian Hare showing characteristic black colouration on upperside of tail, one of the feattures which distinguishes it from a rabbit.

Iberian Hares chasing each other at night.

Iberian Hares at night.

 

 

Iberian Hares chasing each other at night.

 

Iberian Fox

Vulpes vulpes silacea

Raposa
 

Mediterranean Polecat

Mustela putorius aureola

Toirão
 

 

 

 

 

Iberian Badger

Meles meles marianensis

Texugo
 

Badger at dusk.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eurasian Otter

Lutra lutra

Lontra
 

Two Otters drinking at spring.

 

 

Two Otters.

Two Otters. Possibly showing mating behaviour.

 

 

 

Iberian Mongoose

Herpestes ichneumon widdringtonii

Sacarrabos ; Manguço
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

REPTILES & AMPHIBIANS

 

 

Spanish Terrapin

Mauremys leprosa

Cágado
 

Probably a Juvenile. The yellow curlicues on the head and neck distinguish this Spanish Terrapin from the similar European pond terrapin.

Spanish Terrapin in Windmill Pond.

 

 

Swimming.

 

 

Iberian Water Frog

Pelodytes perezi

Rã verde
 

Note Eardrum clearly visible - distinguishing Iberian Water Frog from Iberian Painted Frog.

 

 

Baby Iberian Water Frog sitting in shallow water of the Spring that produces some of the water for the Windmill Pond.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

DRAGONFLIES

 

 

Common Blue Damselfly

Enallagma cyathigerum

Libelinha do cogumelo; Libelinha azul comum
 

Male.

Male.

 

Iberian Bluetail or Bluetailed Damselfly

Ischnura graellsii

Iscnura ibero magrebina
 

Male. This species is quite small - only 26-31mm in length.

 

 

Broad Scarlet or Scarlet Dragonfly

Crocothemis erythraea

Libélula escarlate
 

Male. Note red legs which distinguish it from a Redveined Darter.

Note the marked red basal suffusion to the wings of this male Broad Scarlet.

Female Broad Scarlet.

 

 

Male Broad Scarlet. Note the breadth of the abdomen which gives this dragonfly its name.

Male.

Note the marked red basal suffusion to the wings of this male Broad Scarlet.

 

 

Female. Note white dorsal stripe on thorax.

The Broad Scarlet (36-45mm long) is a little larger than a Redveined Darter (33-40mm long).

Male. The bright green foliage behind the dragonfly is grass growing at the spring which helps fill Windmill Pond. So even in late August this area is wet and alive with dragonflies

 

 

 

 

Epaulet Skimmer

Orthetrum chrysostigma

Ortétrum de faixa branca
 

Note the characteristic slender and waisted abdomen near its base.

Male.

Male. Note the small yellowish patch at base of hindwing which distinguishes this dragonfly from similar species.

 

 

This species is widespread in Northwest Africa and across the Mediterranean basin from Portugal to Turkey.

 

 

Long Skimmer

Orthetrum trinacria

Ortétrum comprido
 

Male. This species is quite large: 51-67mm in length.

 

 

Redveined Darter

Sympetrum fonscolombii

Libélula de nervuras vermelhas
 

Male. Note Black legs with yellowish stripes which distinguish this species from a Broad Scarlet.

Male. This species is a little smaller than a Broad Scarlet.

Mating Pair in tandem.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Windmill Pond: August 2017. Size much reduced by evaporation in the hot summer weather. When full the pond is 100m and 40m at its widest and 3,000 sq m in extent (0.74 Acres).

 

Wildlife Seen at Windmill Pond
BIRDS
1 Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis Mergulhão pequeno
2 Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis ibis Carraceiro
3 Little Egret Egretta garzetta garzetta Garça branca
4 Grey Heron Ardea cinerea cinerea Garça real
5 Black Stork Ciconia nigra Cegonha preta
6 White Stork Ciconia ciconia ciconia Cegonha branca
7 Mallard Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos Pato real
8 Eurasian Buzzard Buteo buteo buteo Águia d'asa redonda
9 Red Kite Milvus milvus milvus Milhafre real
10 Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus fulvus Grifo
11 Black Vulture Aegypius monachus Abutre preto
12 Redlegged Partridge Alectoris rufa hispanica Perdiz
13 Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus chloropus Galinha d’água
14 Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius curonicus Borrelho pequeno de coleira
15 Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia Perna verde
16 Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus Maçarico bique bique
17 Common Woodpigeon Columba palumbus palumbus Pombo torcaz
18 Eurasian Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto Rola turca
19 Little Owl Athene noctua vidalii Mocho galego
20 Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis ispida Guarda rios
21 Eurasian Hoopoe Upupa epops epops Poupa
22 Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major hispanus Pica pau malhardo
23 Crested Lark Galerida cristata pallida Cotovia de poupa
24 Woodlark Lullula arborea pallida Cotovia dos bosques
25 Eurasian Skylark Alauda arvensis sierrae Laverca
26 Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica rustica Andorinha das chaminés
27 Redrumped Swallow Cecropis daurica rufula Andorinha dáurica
28 Meadow Pipit Anthus pratensis pratensis Petinha dos prados
29 Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea cinerea Alvéola cinzenta
30 White Wagtail Motacilla alba alba Alvéola branca
31 Eurasian Stonechat Saxicola torquatus rubicola Cartaxo
32 Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe libanotica Chasco cinzento
33 Common Blackbird Turdus merula merula Melro
34 Blue Tit Parus caeruleus ogliastrae Chapim azul
35 Great Tit Parus major corsus Chapim real
36 Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaea hispaniensis Trepadeira azul
37 Southern Grey Shrike Lanius meridionalis meridionalis Picanço real
38 Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius fasciatus Gaio
39 Iberian Azurewinged Magpie Cyanopica cooki Charneco
40 Carrion Crow Corvus corone corone Gralha preta
41 Spotless Starling Sturnus unicolor Estorninho preto
42 House Sparrow Passer domesticus domesticus Pardal
43 Rock Sparrow Petronia petronia petronia Pardal francês
MAMMALS
1 Iberian Hare Lepus granatensis granatensis Lebre iberica
2 Iberian Fox Vulpes vulpes silacea Raposa
3 Mediterranean Polecat Mustela putorius aureola Toirão
4 Iberian Badger Meles meles marianensis Texugo
5 Eurasian Otter Lutra lutra Lontra
6 Iberian Mongoose Herpestes ichneumon widdringtonii Sacarrabos ; Manguço
REPTILES & AMPHIBIANS
1 Spanish Terrapin Mauremys leprosa Cágado
2 Iberian Water Frog Pelodytes perezi Rã verde
DRAGONFLIES
1 Common Blue Damselfly Enallagma cyathigerum Libelinha do cogumelo; Libelinha azul comum
2 Iberian Bluetail or Bluetailed Damselfly Ischnura graellsii Iscnura ibero magrebina
3 Broad Scarlet or Scarlet Dragonfly Crocothemis erythraea Libélula escarlate
4 Epaulet Skimmer Orthetrum chrysostigma Ortétrum de faixa branca
5 Long Skimmer Orthetrum trinacria Ortétrum comprido
6 Redveined Darter Sympetrum fonscolombii Libélula de nervuras vermelhas
57 <--- Total Number of Species Recorded

Wildlife Photographic Galleries :

Birds

Mammals

Iberian Fox Gallery

Flowers

Flower Meadows

Butterflies

Reptiles & Amphibians

Dragonflies

Trees

Fungi, Liverworts, Mosses & Lichens

Other Wildlife

Nearby Wildlife

Other Pages :

Wildlife Pond

Wildlife at Windmill Pond

Spring Watch

Iberian Fox Gallery

Nesting 2017

Mashatu, Botswana

Kalahari Wildlife

Catalonia Wildlife

Bird Feeder Project

Conservation Management

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