Portugal Wildlife

Wildlife Seen in, on, around and from Windmill Pond

 

  BIRDS

 

 

Little Grebe

Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis

Mergulhão pequeno

A pair of Little Grebes are breeding residents on the Windmill Pond.

Adult Little Grebe.

Three Little Grebe chicks with stripy plumage characteristic of young chicks.

Little Grebe with Four chicks, one riding on Adult's back.

 

 

Little Grebe, probably a female,with (at least) 2 day or two day-old Chicks on her back.

Little Grebe with just its head above water. Little Grebes do this when they have seen possible threats and keep themselves partly hidden until they are safe to come fully to the surface.

Little Grebe in safety-mode, partly submerged.

 

 

Juvenile Little Grebe with Dragonfly larva prey.

Adult Little Grebe

Little Grebe in non-breeding plumage. Probably a grown up chick from an earlier or last year's brood.

 

 

Little Grebe chick moulting into Juvenile plumage.

Chick losing its stripes as it moults into Juvenile plumage.

Both Parents and two of their youngsters.

 

 

Juvenile Little Grebe and parent close by.

Little Grebe with prey in bill. Probably a large tadpole of some sort.

Little Grebe diving.

 

 

Little Grebe nest platform at edge of Windmill Pond (in centre of photograph).

Photographed on the same day (late May) as the adult with chicks. A new Little Grebe nest with four eggs.

Adult Little Grebe with its three chicks.

 

 

Little Grebe sitting on floating nest at edge of Windmill Pond.

Adult.

Great Cormorant

Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis

Corvo marinho

Passage/Winter Migrant.

Squacco Heron

Ardeola ralloides ralloides

Papa ratos

Rare Passage/Winter migrant.

Hunting for Iberian Water Frogs

 

 

Cattle Egret

Bubulcus ibis ibis

Carraceiro

 

Non-Breeding Plumage.

Cattle Egret flying over Windmil Pond.

Flock feeding at Windmill Pond.

 

 

 

 

Little Egret

Egretta garzetta garzetta

Garça branca
 

Little Egret showing off magnificent breeding plumes (aigrettes) (in February) and diagnostic yellow feet.

 

 

 

Grey Heron 

Ardea cinerea cinerea

Garça real

Resident.

Adult.

Grey Heron at sunset.

Adult Grey Heron flying above Windmill Pond.

 

 

Sitting on top of Sweet Oak at Sunset.

 

 

At night.

 

 

Black Stork

Ciconia nigra

Cegonha preta

Occasional.

 

 

White Stork

Ciconia ciconia ciconia

Cegonha branca

Seen daily in breeding season flying over the reserve. Resident. Breed just outside the reserve. Leave the area ± August to October.

White Stork with a Coloured leg-ring. This bird is 21 years old ! It was ringed in Portugal in one of a number of schemes - with 2500 pulli ringed since 1994.

 

 

White Stork drinking at Windmill Pond.

Feeding.

 

 

 

 

White Stork carrying nesting material to its nest just outside the reserve.

 

 

 

 

 

Eurasian Spoonbill

Platalea leucorodia leucorodia

Colhereiro
Migrant.

 

 

Gadwall

Anas strepera strepera

Frisada
Resident.

Female.

Pair of Gadwall. Male on left, female on right.

 

 

Female Gadwall with Nine Ducklings !

Female Gadwall with Nine Ducklings.

Part of brood of Nine Gadwall ducklings.

 

 

Nine Gadwall Ducklings.

Female Gadwall with Nine Ducklings.

Mallard

Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos

Pato real
Resident.

Male in full breeding plumage, early March.

Female, with body flattened low against the water, hiding from two fighting males.

Female.

 

 

June: Well-grown Mallard Fledglings.

 

 

Female Mallard flapping wings and showing diagnostic Blue Speculum.

Female Mallard upending.

Female Mallard feeding.

Blackshouldered Kite

Elanus caeruleus caeruleus

Peneireiro cinzento
Resident.

Blackshouldered Kite at top of Sweet Oak, being mobbed by Iberian Azurewinged Magpies.

 

Black Kite

Milvus migrans migrans

Milhafre preto

Summer Migrant.

Red Kite

Milvus milvus milvus

Milhafre real

Seen regularly.

Resident and Winter Migrant.

 

 

Red Kite chasing Eurasian Buzzard.

Red Kite attacking Eurasian Buzzard.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Griffon Vulture

Gyps fulvus fulvus

Grifo

Seen occasionally.

Resident.

Black Vulture

Aegypius monachus

Abutre preto

Seen occasionally.

Black Vulture and Griffon Vulture.

 

Short-toed Snake-Eagle

Circaetus gallicus

Águia cobreira

Seen regularly quartering the reserve and hovering while hunting for food. Summer Breeding Visitor.

 

 

Western Marsh Harrier

Circus aeruginosus aeruginosus

Águia sapeira

Occasional..

Female.

 

 

Montagu's Harrier

Circus pygargus

Águia caçadeira

Regularly seen quartering the reserve looking for prey. Especially males. Summer Breeding Migrant. (March to October).

Male Montagu's Harrier carrying prey - probably a gamebird such as a Quail.

Male Montagu's Harrier carrying prey.

 

Eurasian Sparrowhawk

Accipiter nisus nisus

Gavião

Resident. Occasional.

 

 

Probably a female Eurasian Sparrowhawk. Females are much larger than males.

 

 

Eurasian Buzzard

Buteo buteo buteo

Águia d'asa redonda
Resident.

Eurasian Buzzard at Spring

 

 

Red Kite attacking Eurasian Buzzard.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common Kestrel

Falco tinnunculus tinnunculus

Peneireiro
Resident.

 

Peregrine Falcon

Falco peregrinus brookei

Falcão peregrino
Occasional.

Remains of a Pigeon killed and eaten by a Peregrine Falcon at Windmill Pond.

 

 

Redlegged Partridge

Alectoris rufa hispanica

Perdiz
Breeding Resident.

Adult.

 

Family party of Redlegged Partridges - with well-grown young.

 

 

 

 

 

Common Quail

Coturnix coturnix coturnix

Codorniz
Summer Visitor/Migrant.

Content on this page requires a newer version of Adobe Flash Player.

Get Adobe Flash player

Click Icon Above to play Song of Common Quail recorded from the Windmill Pond. The song is rendered as “quid di-dik”, a three note song, repeated at intervals - typically around 4–8 times in succession, every 2–5 seconds.

 

Common Moorhen

Gallinula chloropus chloropus

Galinha d’água
Juveniles seen in late Summer.

Juvenile Common Moorhen.

Juvenile Common Moorhen.

Juvenile Common Moorhen.

 

 

Juvenile.

 

 

Little Ringed Plover

Charadrius dubius curonicus

Borrelho pequeno de coleira
Summer Visitor. (March to October).

An Autumn migrant, a Little Ringed Plover at the edge of Windmill Pond. Note the diagnostic yellow eye-ring.

 

Northern Lapwing

Vanellus vanellus

Abibe

Winter Visitor.

Common Snipe

Gallinago gallinago gallinago

Narceja
Winter Visitor (September to April).

 

 

 

 

Common Snipe crouched down in damp grasses near spring.

 

 

Feeding.

 

 

 

Common Greenshank

Tringa nebularia

Perna verde
Passage/Winter. (July to April).

Green Sandpiper

Tringa ochropus

Maçarico bique bique
Passage/Winter. (June to April).

 

 

Common Sandpiper

Actitis hypoleucos

Maçarico das rochas
Resident/Passage migrant/Winter Visitor.

Preening.

 

 

 

 

At edge of Windmill Pond.

Exhibiting alert posture.

Flying with characteristic rapid, shallow wing beats on stiff, curved wings, showing white wingbar.

 

 

In typical flight style, but with head raised.

 

 

Yellowlegged Gull

Larus michahellis michahellis

Gaivota de patas amarelas
Occasional.

Flying over Windmill Pond in short break in thunderstorm (March).

 

Common Wood Pigeon

Columba palumbus palumbus

Pombo torcaz
Resident.

Part of Winter flock of 70+ Common Woodpigeons. They congregate in the reserve to eat the abundant Sweet Oak acorns.

 

 

 

 

Part of flock of 20 or 30 Common Woodpigeons.

Eurasian Collared Dove

Streptopelia decaocto

Rola turca
Common Resident.

Pair of Eurasian Collared Doves. Male displaying to drinking female.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common Cuckoo

Cuculus canorus bangsi

Cuco
Summer Breeding Migrant.

Common Cuckoo performing display flight while singing.

 

 

Common Barn Owl

Tyto alba

Coruja das torres
Resident.

Little Owl

Athene noctua vidalii

Mocho galego
Common Breeding Resident.

 

Common Swift

Apus apus apus

Andorinhão preto
Summer Resident.

Not yet photographed at Windmill Pond.

 

 

Pallid Swift

Apus pallidus brehmoram

Andorinhão pálido
Summer Resident.

Not yet photographed on the reserve.

 

 

Alpine Swift

Tachymarptis melba melba

Andorinhão real
Summer Migrant.

 

 

Common Kingfisher

Alcedo atthis ispida

Guarda rios
 

Female.

Two Kingfishers interacting in the air.

Common Kingfisher landing on perch in Windmill Pond.

 

 

Male. The bill of a male is all black whereas the lower mandible of females has some orange colouration.

 

 

Juvenile. Note muted colouration.

 

 

Common Kingfisher with prey in bill.

Common Kingfisher sitting on post placed in Windmill Pond to attract kingfishers! At Sunset. The first day after the post was put up.

Common Kingfisher with prey in bill.

European Bee-eater

Merops apiaster

Abelharuco
Summer Visitor/Migrant.

 

 

 

 

Eurasian Hoopoe

Upupa epops epops

Poupa
Breeding Resident.

 

 

Feeding.

 

 

Great Spotted Woodpecker

Dendrocopos major hispanus

Pica pau malhardo
Resident.

Female.

 

 

Crested Lark

Galerida cristata pallida

Cotovia de poupa
Resident.

 

 

Crested Lark drinking at Windmill Pond.

 

 

 

 

Woodlark

Lullula arborea pallida

Cotovia dos bosques
Resident.

Eurasian Skylark

Alauda arvensis sierra

Laverca
Resident.

 

Sand Martin

Riparia riparia riparia

Andorinha das barrieras
Summer Resident.

Not yet photographed on the reserve.

 

 

Eurasian Crag Martin

Ptyonoprogne rupestris

Andorinha das rochas
Migrant.

Not yet photographed on the reserve.

 

 

Barn Swallow

Hirundo rustica rustica

Andorinha das chaminés
Summer Resident.

 

 

Collecting mud for nest-building.

Collecting nest building material.

 

Redrumped Swallow

Cecropis daurica rufula

Andorinha dáurica
Summer Resident.

 

 

House Martin

Delichon urbicum meridionale

Andorinha dos beirais
Summer Visitor.

Juvenile House Martin.

Adult.

Meadow Pipit

Anthus pratensis pratensis

Petinha dos prados
Winter visitor.

 

 

 

 

Medow Pipit amongst some Jersey Cudweed at the edge of Windmill Pond.

 

 

 

 

Grey Wagtail

Motacilla cinerea cinerea

Alvéola cinzenta
Resident.

White Wagtail

Motacilla alba alba

Alvéola branca
Resident.

Male in Winter plumage - with white chin and forehead.

Juvenile.

 

 

Adult Male.

Adult Male, Winter plumage.

Juvenile.

 

 

Juvenile.

European Robin

Erithacus rubecula

Two sub-species can occur: E.r. melophilus and E.r. rubecula

Pisco de peito ruivo
Common Winter Visitor. Some may be resident.

 

 

Black Redstart

Phoenicurus ochruros gibraltariensis

Rabirruivo
Common Winter Visitor.

Female standing on part of nesting sandbank structure overlookiong Windmill Pond.

Male.

 

Eurasian Stonechat

Saxicola torquatus rubicola

Cartaxo
Common Breeding Resident.

Female with nesting material in its bill.

Male singing from top of Sweet Oak sapling.

 

 

Female collecting nesting Material (February).

Male bathing.

 

 

Pair of Eurasian Stonechats drying off. Female on left, male on right.

With prey in bill.

Male.

Northern Wheatear

Oenanthe oenanthe libanotica

Chasco cinzento
Autumn Migrant.

Juvenile.

Common Blackbird

Turdus merula merula

Melro
Common Breeding Resident. Shy.

Male.

Female at Spring.

Male on dried up bed of Windmill Pond.

Song Thrush

Turdus philomelos clarkei

Tordo pinto
Winter Visitor.

Song Thrush flying over the Spring.

 

Mistle Thrush

Turdus viscivorus viscivorus

Tordoveia
Resident.

 

 

Zitting Cisticola (Fantailed Warbler)

Cisticola juncidis cisticola

Fuinha dos juncos
Breeding Resident.

Zitting Cisticola Singing (early March).

 

Melodious Warbler

Hippolais polyglotta

Felosa poliglota
Summer Migrant Visitor.

 

 

Common Chiffchaff

Phylloscopus collybita collybita

Felosinha

Abundant Winter Migrant (they over-winter). Approximately October to March.

With prey in bill.

 

 

Hunting for insect prey over Windmill Pond.

Hunting for insect prey over pond.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Willow Warbler

Phylloscopus trochilus trochilus

Felosinha musical

Non-Breeding Migrant Visitor. Approximately March to May and July to October.

An Autumn migrant, a Willow Warbler at the edge of Windmill Pond.

 

 

 

Spotted Flycatcher

Muscicapa striata striata

Taralhão cinzento
Summer Resident and/or Migrant.

 

 

Blue Tit

Parus caeruleus ogliastrae

Chapim azul
Very Common Breeding Resident.

Great Tit

Parus major corsus

Chapim real
Common Breeding Resident.

 

 

Eurasian Nuthatch

Sitta europaea hispaniensis

Trepadeira azul
Common Breeding Resident.

 

Southern Grey Shrike

Lanius meridionalis meridionalis

Picanço real
Common Breeding Resident.

Juvenile Southern Grey Shrike flying over the pond.

 

 

Adult Southern Grey Shrike flying with Iberian Water Frog prey in bill.

Juvenile.

 

 

Juvenile.

 

 

Woodchat Shrike

Lanius senator rutilans

Picanço barreteiro
Summer Breeding Migrant.

 

 

Eurasian Jay

Garrulus glandarius fasciatus

Gaio
Common Resident.

 

Iberian Azurewinged Magpie

Cyanopica cooki

Charneco
Very Common Breeding Resident.

Carrion Crow

Corvus corone corone

Gralha preta
Resident.

 

Northern Raven

Corvus corax

Corvo
Resident.

Note characteristic wedge-shaped tail.

 

Spotless Starling

Sturnus unicolor

Estorninho preto
Very Common Breeding Resident.

Spotless Starling stood in Windmill Pond to drink.

Flying over Windmill Pond.

House Sparrow

Passer domesticus domesticus

Pardal

Very Common Breeding Resident.

 

 

Spanish Sparrow

Passer hispaniolensis hispaniolensis

Pardal espanhol
Resident.

Pair of Spanish Sparrows coming to pond edge to drink.

 

 

Rock Sparrow

Petronia petronia petronia

Pardal francês
Resident.

White tail spots and bold eyestripe are characteristic of this species.

 

 

 

Chaffinch

Fringilla coelebs coelebs

Tentilhão
Resident.

Male (front) and Female (back) at edge of Windmill Pond to drink.

Female.

Drinking.

 

 

 

 

European Greenfinch

Carduelis chloris vanmarli

Verdilhão
Resident.

 

 

European Goldfinch

Carduelis carduelis parva

Pintassilgo
Resident.

 

 

Common Linnet

Carduelis cannabina mediterranea

Pintarroxo
Occasional. Resident.

Male.

Male.

Female.

 

 

Male.

Male on left, Female on right.

 

 

Female Common Linnet collecting nesting material.

Male.

Female.

Corn Bunting

Emberiza calandra calandra

Trigueirão
Very Common Breeding Resident.

Corn Bunting with insect prey to feed nestlings.

Juvenile Corn Bunting drinking at Windmill Pond.

 

 

Corn Bunting sat on top of young Sweet Oak.

 

 

Corn Bunting on top of sapling Sweet Oak, with Windmill Pond in the background.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  MAMMALS

 

 

Greater Horseshoe Bat

Rhinolophus ferrumequinum

Morcego de ferradura grande
 

Identification and Sonogram recorded with an Echo Meter Touch 2 Bat Detector attached to an iPad.

Natterer's Myotis

Myotis nattereri

Morcego de franja
 

 

Kuhl's Pipistrelle

Pipistrellus kuhlii

Morcego de Kuhl
 

 

Soprano Pipistrelle

Pipistrellus pygmaeus
 

 

Iberian Hare

Lepus granatensis

Lebre iberica
 

 

 

 

 

Iberian Hare standing upright showing distinctive white markings on its underside.

 

 

An Iberian Hare regularly visits the Windmill Pond at Dawn, Dusk and during the night.

 

 

Iberian Hare at Windmill Pond at dawn.

 

 

Feeding.

Iberian Hares chasing each other at night.

Iberian Hares at night.

 

 

Iberian Hares chasing each other at night.

Iberian Hare showing characteristic black colouration on upperside of tail, one of the feattures which distinguishes it from a rabbit.

Iberian Fox

Vulpes vulpes silacea

Raposa
 

Iberian Fox at Windmill Pond.

 

 

 

Mediterranean Polecat

Mustela putorius aureola

Toirão
 

 

 

 

 

Iberian Badger

Meles meles marianensis

Texugo
 

Badger at dusk.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eurasian Otter

Lutra lutra

Lontra
 

Probable Female.

Probable Male - noticeably larger.

 

 

Two Otters drinking at spring.

 

 

Two Otters. Possibly showing mating behaviour.

Two Otters.

 

 

Iberian Mongoose

Herpestes ichneumon widdringtonii

Sacarrabos ; Manguço
 

Two Iberian Mongooses amongst Spring flowers.

 

 

 

 

Wild Boar

Sus scrofa

Javali
 

Wild Boar at damp edge of Windmill Pond.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

REPTILES & AMPHIBIANS

 

 

Iberian Pond Turtle

Mauremys leprosa leprosa

Cágado
 

Swimming. Showing tail rather clearly.

Probably a Juvenile. The yellow curlicues on the head and neck distinguish this Spanish Terrapin from the similar European pond terrapin.

Swimming amongst Stream Water-Crowfoot flowers.

 

 

Two Iberian Pond Turtles interacting.

 

 

Young Turtle showing bright colouration on neck and legs.

 

 

 

 

Viperine Snake

Natrix maura

Cobra de água viperina
 

Viperine Snake swimming in Windmill Pond.

 

 

Iberian Water Frog

Pelodytes perezi

Rã verde
 

Iberian Water Frog.

Note Eardrum clearly visible - distinguishing Iberian Water Frog from Iberian Painted Frog.

 

 

Baby Iberian Water Frog sitting in shallow water of the Spring that produces some of the water for the Windmill Pond.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

DRAGONFLIES

 

 

Small Spreadwing

Lestes virens virens

Lestes menor
 

Mating pair of Small Spreadwings. Male at top of picture. Note that this sub-species has bicoloured pterostigmae. A pterostigma is a cell in the outer wing of an insect that is thickened or coloured and so stands out from other cells - particularly notable in many dragonfly species. They assist in gliding flight by controlling wing vibrations that would slow the speed of the insect.

 

Common Winter Damsel

Sympecma fusca

Libelinha hirbernante
 

Hibernating adults of this species characteristically have blue eyes, as here.

Active throughout the year.

Dainty Bluet

Coenagrion scitulum

Libelinha da cabeça do gato; Libelinha delicada
 

 

Male.

Mating pair.

 

Common Blue Damselfly

Enallagma cyathigerum

Libelinha do cogumelo; Libelinha azul comum
 

Female egg-laying (ovipositing). She will lay her eggs in the aquatic plant's stem and the resultant larvae will live in the pond until ready to hatch into an adult damselfy.

Egg-laying while clinging to Stream Water-Crowfoot plant.

Ovipositing.

 

 

Male.

Male.

Females can be various colours.

Iberian Bluetail or Bluetailed Damselfly

Ischnura graellsii

Iscnura ibero magrebina
 

Iberian Bluetails mating. The upper damselfy is the male (blue) and the female is below.

Male.

 

 

Male.

Mating pair.

Mating.

 

 

Male.

Female.

Male. This species is quite small - only 26-31mm in length.

 

 

Female.

Male.

 

Blue Emperor

Anax imperator

Imperador azul; Tira-olhos imperador
 

Male. The Blue Emperor is Europe's largest Dragonfly.

Male.

Lesser Emperor

Anax parthenope

Tira-olhos menor
 

Mating pair of Lesser Emperors.

 

 

Broad Scarlet or Scarlet Dragonfly

Crocothemis erythraea

Libélula escarlate
 

Male Broad Scarlet.

Male. Note red legs which distinguish it from a Redveined Darter.

Note the marked red basal suffusion to the wings of this male Broad Scarlet.

 

 

Male.

Male Broad Scarlet. Note the breadth of the abdomen which gives this dragonfly its name.

Note the marked red basal suffusion to the wings of this male Broad Scarlet.

 

 

Female. Note white dorsal stripe on thorax.

The Broad Scarlet (36-45mm long) is a little larger than a Redveined Darter (33-40mm long).

Male. The bright green foliage behind the dragonfly is grass growing at the spring which helps fill Windmill Pond. So even in late August this area is wet and alive with dragonflies

 

 

Female Broad Scarlet.

 

Blacktailed Skimmer

Orthetrum cancellatum

Ortétrum de cauda negra; Ortétrum reticulado
 

Female or Teneral male. A Teneral is a newly emerged adultdragonfly that is soft and shiny and lacks the full colouration of a mature adult.

Male.

Female hovering above Windmill Pond.

 

 

Male.

Female or Teneral male. Most likely a Female.

Female egg-laying (ovipositing) in Windmill Pond.

 

 

Male.

Male.

 

Epaulet Skimmer

Orthetrum chrysostigma

Ortétrum de faixa branca
 

Note the characteristic slender and waisted abdomen near its base.

Male.

Male. Note the small yellowish patch at base of hindwing which distinguishes this dragonfly from similar species.

 

 

This species is widespread in Northwest Africa and across the Mediterranean basin from Portugal to Turkey.

 

 

Epaulet Skimmer

Orthetrum chrysostigma

Ortétrum de faixa branca
 

Male.

Male. Note the small yellowish patch at base of hindwing which distinguishes this dragonfly from similar species.

 

 

Note the characteristic slender and waisted abdomen near its base.

Male.

This species is widespread in Northwest Africa and across the Mediterranean basin from Portugal to Turkey.

 

 

Male. Note the small yellowish patch at base of hindwing which distinguishes this dragonfly from similar species.

 

Long Skimmer

Orthetrum trinacria

Ortétrum comprido
 

Male. This species is quite large: 51-67mm in length.

Redveined Darter

Sympetrum fonscolombii

Libélula de nervuras vermelhas
 

Male. Note Black legs with yellowish stripes which distinguish this species from a Broad Scarlet.

Ovipositing (egg-laying) while flying over Windmill Pond.

Male. This species is a little smaller than a Broad Scarlet.

 

 

Male hovering over Windmill Pond.

Mating while in flight over Windmill Pond.

 

 

Mating Pair in tandem.

 

 

 

Common Darter

Sympetrum striolatum

Libélula comum
 

Male. Note Red Pterostigmas and lack of basal suffusion on wings.

 

 

Note on Water Resources: Windmill Pond has an area of around 3,000 sq m. And the average depth is perhaps 1.5m. So the volume of water is approximately 4,500 cubic metres which equates to 4.5 million litres. Beef cattle drink maybe 70 litres per day in Summer and perhaps 40 litres per day at other times. So a herd of 50 beef cattle can drink around 1.2 million litres of water in a year which is roughly speaking one quarter of all the water in Windmill Pond. So by keeping the nature reserve free of grazing livestock for the time being the annual life expectancy of Windmill Pond's water is considerably increased. It will be interesting to see whether the pond gets completely dry at the end of 2018 as it did in 2017. Or whether it will still retain some water after another expected long, hot summer. In 2017 the pond was completely dry by September 29th. But we are hoping that in 2018 the pond will be a vital resource for wildlife for the whole year. Time will tell.

 

2018 03 08: Windmill Pond is full again ! The pond is at its maximum depth and is overflowing into the downstream river.

Windmill Pond overflowing into the downstream river:

Downstream river outflow from Windmill Pond 2018 03 08.

Downstream river outflow from Windmill Pond 2018 03 08.

Source of the downstream river 2018 03 08.

River 2018 03 08.

River 2018 03 08.

West bank of Windmill Pond at its maximum height. 2018 03 07.

East bank of Windmill Pond at its maximum height. 2018 03 07.

Windmill Pond: August 2017. Size much reduced by evaporation in the hot summer weather. When full the pond is 100m and 40m at its widest and 3,000 sq m in extent (0.74 Acres).

Windmill Pond: 2017 09 29. Windmill Pond totally dried up.

Windmill Pond: 12 December 2017. Some water standing in Windmill Pond following nearly 40 mm of rain in the week.

Windmill Pond - without any water at the end of the mostly-dry Autumn: 8am, 5th December, -5 Celcius

Wildlife Seen and Heard at Windmill Pond
BIRDS
1 Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis Mergulhão pequeno
2 Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis Corvo marinho
3 Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides ralloides Papa ratos
4 Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis ibis Carraceiro
5 Little Egret Egretta garzetta garzetta Garça branca
6 Grey Heron Ardea cinerea cinerea Garça real
7 Black Stork Ciconia nigra Cegonha preta
8 White Stork Ciconia ciconia ciconia Cegonha branca
9 Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia leucorodia Colhereiro
10 Gadwall Anas strepera strepera Frisada
11 Mallard Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos Pato real
12 Blackshouldered Kite Elanus caeruleus caeruleus Peneireiro cinzento
13 Black Kite Milvus migrans migrans Milhafre preto
14 Red Kite Milvus milvus milvus Milhafre real
15 Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus fulvus Grifo
16 Black Vulture Aegypius monachus Abutre preto
17 Short-toed Snake-Eagle Circaetus gallicus Águia cobreira
18 Western Marsh Harrier Circus aeruginosus aeruginosus Águia sapeira
19 Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus Águia caçadeira
20 Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus nisus Gavião
21 Eurasian Buzzard Buteo buteo buteo Águia d'asa redonda
22 Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus tinnunculus Peneireiro
23 Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus brookei Falcão peregrino
24 Redlegged Partridge Alectoris rufa hispanica Perdiz
25 Common Quail Coturnix coturnix coturnix Codorniz
26 Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus chloropus Galinha d’água
27 Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius curonicus Borrelho pequeno de coleira
28 Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus Abibe
29 Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago gallinago Narceja
30 Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia Perna verde
31 Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus Maçarico bique bique
32 Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos Maçarico das rochas
33 Yellowlegged Gull Larus michahellis michahellis Gaivota de patas amarelas
34 Common Woodpigeon Columba palumbus palumbus Pombo torcaz
35 Eurasian Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto Rola turca
36 Common Cuckoo Cuculus canorus bangsi Cuco
37 Common Barn Owl Tyto alba alba Coruja das torres
38 Little Owl Athene noctua vidalii Mocho galego
39 Common Swift Apus apus apus Andorinhão preto
40 Pallid Swift Apus pallidus brehmoram Andorinhão pálido
41 Alpine Swift Tachymarptis melba melba Andorinhão real
42 Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis ispida Guarda rios
43 European Bee-eater Merops apiaster Abelharuco
44 Eurasian Hoopoe Upupa epops epops Poupa
45 Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major hispanus Pica pau malhardo
46 Crested Lark Galerida cristata pallida Cotovia de poupa
47 Woodlark Lullula arborea pallida Cotovia dos bosques
48 Eurasian Skylark Alauda arvensis sierrae Laverca
49 Sand Martin Riparia riparia riparia Andorinha das barreiras
50 Eurasian Crag Martin Ptyonoprogne rupestris Andorinha das rochas
51 Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica rustica Andorinha das chaminés
52 Redrumped Swallow Cecropis daurica rufula Andorinha dáurica
53 House Martin Delichon urbicum meridionale Andorinha dos beirais
54 Meadow Pipit Anthus pratensis pratensis Petinha dos prados
55 Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea cinerea Alvéola cinzenta
56 White Wagtail Motacilla alba alba Alvéola branca
57 European Robin Erithacus rubecula melophilus or E.r. rubecula Pisco de peito ruivo
58 Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros gibraltariensis Rabirruivo
59 Eurasian Stonechat Saxicola torquatus rubicola Cartaxo
60 Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe libanotica Chasco cinzento
61 Common Blackbird Turdus merula merula Melro
62 Song Thrush Turdus philomelos philomelos Tordo pinto
63 Mistle Thrush Turdus viscivorus viscivorus Tordoveia
64 Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis cisticola Fuinha dos juncos
65 Melodious Warbler Hippolais polyglotta Felosa poliglota
66 Common Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita collybita Felosinha
67 Willow Warbler Phylloscopus trochilus trochilus Felosinha musical
68 Spotted Flycatcher Muscicapa striata striata Taralhão cinzento
69 Blue Tit Parus caeruleus ogliastrae Chapim azul
70 Great Tit Parus major corsus Chapim real
71 Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaea hispaniensis Trepadeira azul
72 Southern Grey Shrike Lanius meridionalis meridionalis Picanço real
73 Woodchat Shrike Lanius senator rutilans Picanço barreteiro
74 Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius fasciatus Gaio
75 Iberian Azurewinged Magpie Cyanopica cooki Charneco
76 Carrion Crow Corvus corone corone Gralha preta
77 Northern Raven Corvus corax hispanus Corvo
78 Spotless Starling Sturnus unicolor Estorninho preto
79 House Sparrow Passer domesticus domesticus Pardal
80 Spanish Sparrow Passer hispaniolensis hispaniolensis Pardal espanhol
81 Rock Sparrow Petronia petronia petronia Pardal francês
82 Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs coelebs Tentilhão
83 European Greenfinch Carduelis chloris vanmarli Verdilhão
84 European Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis parva Pintassilgo
85 Common Linnet Carduelis cannabina mediterranea Pintarroxo
86 Corn Bunting Emberiza calandra calandra Trigueirão
MAMMALS
1 Greater Horseshoe Bat Rhinolophus ferrumequinum Morcego de ferradura grande
2 Natterer's Myotis Myotis nattereri Morcego de franja
3 Kuhl's Pipistrelle Pipistrellus kuhlii Morcego de Kuhl
4 Soprano Pipistrelle Pipistrellus pygmaeus  
5 Iberian Hare Lepus granatensis granatensis Lebre iberica
6 Iberian Fox Vulpes vulpes silacea Raposa
7 Mediterranean Polecat Mustela putorius aureola Toirão
8 Iberian Badger Meles meles marianensis Texugo
9 Eurasian Otter Lutra lutra Lontra
10 Iberian Mongoose Herpestes ichneumon widdringtonii Sacarrabos ; Manguço
11 Wild Boar Sus scrofa Javali
REPTILES & AMPHIBIANS
1 Iberian Pond Turtle Mauremys leprosa leprosa Cágado
2 Viperine Snake Natrix maura Cobra de água viperina
3 Iberian Water Frog Pelodytes perezi Rã verde
DRAGONFLIES
1 Small Spreadwing Lestes virens virens Lestes menor
2 Common Winter Damsel Sympecma fusca Libelinha hirbernante
3 Dainty Bluet Coenagrion scitulum Libelinha da cabeça do gato; Libelinha delicada
4 Common Blue Damselfly Enallagma cyathigerum Libelinha do cogumelo; Libelinha azul comum
5 Iberian Bluetail or Bluetailed Damselfly Ischnura graellsii Iscnura ibero magrebina; Libelinha de Graells
6 Blue Emperor Anax imperator Imperador azul; Tira-olhos imperador
7 Lesser Emperor Anax parthenope Tira-olhos menor
8 Broad Scarlet or Scarlet Dragonfly Crocothemis erythraea Libélula escarlate
9 Blacktailed Skimmer Orthetrum cancellatum Ortétrum de cauda negra; Ortétrum reticulado
10 Epaulet Skimmer Orthetrum chrysostigma Ortétrum de faixa branca
11 Long Skimmer Orthetrum trinacria Ortétrum comprido
12 Redveined Darter Sympetrum fonscolombii Libélula de nervuras vermelhas
13 Common Darter Sympetrum striolatum Libélula comum
112 <--- Total Number of Species Recorded

 

Links to detailed webpages:

Birds Mammals

Butterflies

Flowers

Seasons 2018

Dragonflies Reptiles

Amphibians

Weather

Breeding Season 2018

Trees

Hide Pond Windmill Pond

Spring Watch

Fungi, Lichens

Flower Meadows

Colour Rings

Other Wildlife Wildlife Found Nearby

Conservation Management

Fox Gallery

Trail Cameras

Bird Feeders

Catalonia Wildlife

Mashatu Botswana

Tswalu Kalahari

Hide Pond Construction

Links

Home

 

Webmaster: Phil Perry - Copyright © 2018

Email Contact: lince@portugalwildlife.com

 

 


free hit counters