Portugal Wildlife

Wildlife Seen at Windmill Pond

 

  BIRDS

 

 

Little Grebe

Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis

Mergulhão pequeno

A pair of Little Grebes are breeding residents on the Windmill Pond.

Adult Little Grebe.

Three Little Grebe chicks with stripy plumage characteristic of young chicks.

 

 

Adult Little Grebe

Little Grebe with just its head above water. Little Grebes do this when they have seen possible threats and keep themselves partly hidden until they are safe to come fully to the surface.

Little Grebe in safety-mode, partly submerged.

 

 

Little Grebe chick moulting into Juvenile plumage.

Juvenile Little Grebe and parent close by.

Little Grebe in non-breeding plumage. Probably a grown up chick from an earlier or last year's brood.

 

 

Adult.

Chick losing its stripes as it moults into Juvenile plumage.

Both Parents and two of their youngsters.

Great Cormorant

Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis

Corvo marinho

Passage/Winter Migrant.

 

Cattle Egret

Bubulcus ibis ibis

Carraceiro

 

Non-Breeding Plumage.

Cattle Egret flying over Windmil Pond.

Flock feeding at Windmill Pond.

 

 

 

 

Little Egret

Egretta garzetta garzetta

Garça branca
 

Little Egret showing off magnificent breeding plumes (aigrettes) (in February) and diagnostic yellow feet.

 

 

 

Grey Heron 

Ardea cinerea cinerea

Garça real

Resident.

Adult.

Grey Heron at sunset.

Adult Grey Heron flying above Windmill Pond.

 

 

At night.

Black Stork

Ciconia nigra

Cegonha preta

Occasional.

 

White Stork

Ciconia ciconia ciconia

Cegonha branca

Seen daily in breeding season flying over the reserve. Resident. Breed just outside the reserve. Leave the area ± August to October.

 

 

White Stork drinking at Windmill Pond.

Feeding.

 

 

 

Mallard

Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos

Pato real
Resident.

Female Mallard feeding.

Female Mallard upending.

Female Mallard flapping wings and showing diagnostic Blue Speculum.

Red Kite

Milvus milvus milvus

Milhafre real

Seen regularly.

Resident and Winter Migrant.

 

 

Red Kite chasing Eurasian Buzzard.

Red Kite attacking Eurasian Buzzard.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eurasian Sparrowhawk

Accipiter nisus nisus

Gavião

Occasional Resident.

Eurasian Buzzard

Buteo buteo buteo

Águia d'asa redonda
Resident.

Eurasian Buzzard at Spring

 

 

Red Kite attacking Eurasian Buzzard.

 

 

Griffon Vulture

Gyps fulvus fulvus

Grifo

Seen occasionally.

Resident.

 

Black Vulture

Aegypius monachus

Abutre preto

Seen occasionally.

Black Vulture and Griffon Vulture.

 

Western Marsh Harrier

Circus aeruginosus aeruginosus

Águia sapeira

Occasional..

Female.

 

 

Redlegged Partridge

Alectoris rufa hispanica

Perdiz
Breeding Resident.

Adult.

 

Family party of Redlegged Partridges - with well-grown young.

 

 

 

 

 

Common Moorhen

Gallinula chloropus chloropus

Galinha d’água
Resident.

Juvenile.

 

Little Ringed Plover

Charadrius dubius curonicus

Borrelho pequeno de coleira
Summer Visitor. (March to October).

 

 

Northern Lapwing

Vanellus vanellus

Abibe

Winter Visitor.

Common Snipe

Gallinago gallinago gallinago

Narceja
Winter Visitor (September to April).

 

 

 

Feeding.

 

Common Snipe crouched down in damp grasses near spring.

Common Greenshank

Tringa nebularia

Perna verde
Passage/Winter. (July to April).

Green Sandpiper

Tringa ochropus

Maçarico bique bique
Passage/Winter. (June to April).

 

 

Common Sandpiper

Actitis hypoleucos

Maçarico das rochas
Resident/Passage migrant/Winter Visitor.

Preening.

 

 

Wood Pigeon

Columba palumbus palumbus

Pombo torcaz
Resident.

Part of Winter flock of 70+ Common Woodpigeons. They congregate in the reserve to eat the abundant Sweet Oak acorns.

 

 

Part of flock of 20 or 30 Common Woodpigeons.

Eurasian Collared Dove

Streptopelia decaocto

Rola turca
Common Resident.

Pair of Eurasian Collared Doves. Male displaying to drinking female.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Little Owl

Athene noctua vidalii

Mocho galego
Common Breeding Resident.

 

Common Kingfisher

Alcedo atthis ispida

Guarda rios
 

Common Kingfisher landing on perch in Windmill Pond.

Two Kingfishers interacting in the air.

 

 

Juvenile. Note muted colouration.

Male. The bill of a male is all blackm whereas the lower mandible of females has some orange colouration.

 

 

Common Kingfisher sitting on post placed in Windmill Pond to attract kingfishers! At Sunset. The first day after the post was put up.

 

 

Common Kingfisher with prey in bill.

Common Kingfisher with prey in bill.

 

Eurasian Hoopoe

Upupa epops epops

Poupa
Breeding Resident.

 

 

Feeding.

 

 

Great Spotted Woodpecker

Dendrocopos major hispanus

Pica pau malhardo
Resident.

Female.

 

 

Crested Lark

Galerida cristata pallida

Cotovia de poupa
Resident.

 

 

 

 

Woodlark

Lullula arborea pallida

Cotovia dos bosques
Resident.

 

Eurasian Skylark

Alauda arvensis sierra

Laverca
Resident.

 

Barn Swallow

Hirundo rustica rustica

Andorinha das chaminés
Summer Resident.

 

Redrumped Swallow

Cecropis daurica rufula

Andorinha dáurica
Summer Resident.

 

 

Meadow Pipit

Anthus pratensis pratensis

Petinha dos prados
Winter visitor.

 

 

 

 

Grey Wagtail

Motacilla cinerea cinerea

Alvéola cinzenta
Resident.

 

 

White Wagtail

Motacilla alba alba

Alvéola branca
Resident.

Male in Winter plumage - with white chin and forehead.

Juvenile.

 

 

Adult Male.

Adult Male, Winter plumage.

Juvenile.

 

 

Juvenile.

Black Redstart

Phoenicurus ochruros gibraltariensis

Rabirruivo
Common Winter Visitor.

Female standing on part of nesting sandbank structure.

 

 

Eurasian Stonechat

Saxicola torquatus rubicola

Cartaxo
Common Breeding Resident.

Female collecting nesting Material (February).

Pair of Eurasian Stonechats drying off. Female on left, male on right.

Male bathing.

 

 

With prey in bill.

With prey in bill.

Male.

Northern Wheatear

Oenanthe oenanthe libanotica

Chasco cinzento
Autumn Migrant.

Juvenile.

Common Blackbird

Turdus merula merula

Melro
Common Breeding Resident. Shy.

Male.

Female at Spring.

Male on dried up bed of Windmill Pond.

Mistle Thrush

Turdus viscivorus viscivorus

Tordoveia
Resident.

 

 

Common Chiffchaff

Phylloscopus collybita collybita

Felosinha

Abundant Winter Migrant (they over-winter). Approximately October to March.

With prey in bill.

 

 

Hunting for insect prey over Windmill Pond.

Hunting for insect prey over pond.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Blue Tit

Parus caeruleus ogliastrae

Chapim azul
Very Common Breeding Resident.

 

Great Tit

Parus major corsus

Chapim real
Common Breeding Resident.

 

 

 

Eurasian Nuthatch

Sitta europaea hispaniensis

Trepadeira azul
Common Breeding Resident.

 

Southern Grey Shrike

Lanius meridionalis meridionalis

Picanço real
Common Breeding Resident.

Adult Southern Grey Shrike flying with Iberian Water Frog prey in bill.

Juvenile Southern Grey Shrike flying over the pond.

 

 

Juvenile.

Juvenile.

Eurasian Jay

Garrulus glandarius fasciatus

Gaio
Common Resident.

 

Iberian Azurewinged Magpie

Cyanopica cooki

Charneco
Very Common Breeding Resident.

 

 

Carrion Crow

Corvus corone corone

Gralha preta
Resident.

 

Northern Raven

Corvus corax

Corvo
Resident.

Note characteristic wedge-shaped tail.

 

 

Spotless Starling

Sturnus unicolor

Estorninho preto
Very Common Breeding Resident.

Flying over Windmill Pond.

 

House Sparrow

Passer domesticus domesticus

Pardal

Very Common Breeding Resident.

 

 

Rock Sparrow

Petronia petronia petronia

Pardal francês
Resident.

White tail spots and bold eyestripe are characteristic of this species.

 

 

 

 

Chaffinch

Fringilla coelebs coelebs

Tentilhão
Resident.

Female.

Drinking.

European Goldfinch

Carduelis carduelis parva

Pintassilgo
Resident.

 

 

Common Linnet

Carduelis cannabina mediterranea

Pintarroxo
Occasional. Resident.

Male.

Male.

Female.

 

 

Male.

Male on left, Female on right.

 

 

Male.

Male.

Female.

Corn Bunting

Emberiza calandra calandra

Trigueirão
Very Common Breeding Resident.

 

 

Corn Bunting sat on top of young Sweet Oak.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  MAMMALS

 

 

Iberian Hare

Lepus granatensis

Lebre iberica
 

 

 

 

 

Iberian Hare standing upright showing distinctive white markings on its underside.

 

 

An Iberian Hare regularly visits the Windmill Pond at Dawn, Dusk and during the night.

 

 

Feeding.

Iberian Hare at Windmill Pond at dawn.

 

 

Iberian Hare showing characteristic black colouration on upperside of tail, one of the feattures which distinguishes it from a rabbit.

Iberian Hares chasing each other at night.

Iberian Hares at night.

 

 

Iberian Hares chasing each other at night.

 

Iberian Fox

Vulpes vulpes silacea

Raposa
 

 

Mediterranean Polecat

Mustela putorius aureola

Toirão
 

 

 

 

 

Iberian Badger

Meles meles marianensis

Texugo
 

Badger at dusk.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eurasian Otter

Lutra lutra

Lontra
 

Two Otters drinking at spring.

 

 

Two Otters.

Two Otters. Possibly showing mating behaviour.

 

 

 

Iberian Mongoose

Herpestes ichneumon widdringtonii

Sacarrabos ; Manguço
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

REPTILES & AMPHIBIANS

 

 

Spanish Terrapin

Mauremys leprosa

Cágado
 

Probably a Juvenile. The yellow curlicues on the head and neck distinguish this Spanish Terrapin from the similar European pond terrapin.

Spanish Terrapin in Windmill Pond.

 

 

Swimming.

 

 

Iberian Water Frog

Pelodytes perezi

Rã verde
 

Note Eardrum clearly visible - distinguishing Iberian Water Frog from Iberian Painted Frog.

 

 

Baby Iberian Water Frog sitting in shallow water of the Spring that produces some of the water for the Windmill Pond.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

DRAGONFLIES

 

 

Common Blue Damselfly

Enallagma cyathigerum

Libelinha do cogumelo; Libelinha azul comum
 

Male.

Male.

 

Iberian Bluetail or Bluetailed Damselfly

Ischnura graellsii

Iscnura ibero magrebina
 

Male. This species is quite small - only 26-31mm in length.

 

 

Broad Scarlet or Scarlet Dragonfly

Crocothemis erythraea

Libélula escarlate
 

Male. Note red legs which distinguish it from a Redveined Darter.

Note the marked red basal suffusion to the wings of this male Broad Scarlet.

Female Broad Scarlet.

 

 

Male Broad Scarlet. Note the breadth of the abdomen which gives this dragonfly its name.

Male.

Note the marked red basal suffusion to the wings of this male Broad Scarlet.

 

 

Female. Note white dorsal stripe on thorax.

The Broad Scarlet (36-45mm long) is a little larger than a Redveined Darter (33-40mm long).

Male. The bright green foliage behind the dragonfly is grass growing at the spring which helps fill Windmill Pond. So even in late August this area is wet and alive with dragonflies

 

 

 

 

Epaulet Skimmer

Orthetrum chrysostigma

Ortétrum de faixa branca
 

Note the characteristic slender and waisted abdomen near its base.

Male.

Male. Note the small yellowish patch at base of hindwing which distinguishes this dragonfly from similar species.

 

 

This species is widespread in Northwest Africa and across the Mediterranean basin from Portugal to Turkey.

 

 

Long Skimmer

Orthetrum trinacria

Ortétrum comprido
 

Male. This species is quite large: 51-67mm in length.

 

 

Redveined Darter

Sympetrum fonscolombii

Libélula de nervuras vermelhas
 

Male. Note Black legs with yellowish stripes which distinguish this species from a Broad Scarlet.

Male. This species is a little smaller than a Broad Scarlet.

Mating Pair in tandem.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Windmill Pond: August 2017. Size much reduced by evaporation in the hot summer weather. When full the pond is 100m and 40m at its widest and 3,000 sq m in extent (0.74 Acres).

Windmill Pond: 29 September 2017. Windmill Pond totally dried up.

Windmill Pond: 12 December 2017. Some water standing in Windmill Pond following nearly 40 mm of rain in the week.

Windmill Pond - without any water at the end of the mostly-dry Autumn: 8am, 5th December, -5 Celcius

 

Wildlife Seen at Windmill Pond
BIRDS
1 Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis Mergulhão pequeno
2 Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis Corvo marinho
3 Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis ibis Carraceiro
4 Little Egret Egretta garzetta garzetta Garça branca
5 Grey Heron Ardea cinerea cinerea Garça real
6 Black Stork Ciconia nigra Cegonha preta
7 White Stork Ciconia ciconia ciconia Cegonha branca
8 Mallard Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos Pato real
9 Red Kite Milvus milvus milvus Milhafre real
10 Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus nisus Gavião
11 Eurasian Buzzard Buteo buteo buteo Águia d'asa redonda
12 Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus fulvus Grifo
13 Black Vulture Aegypius monachus Abutre preto
14 Western Marsh Harrier Circus aeruginosus aeruginosus Águia sapeira
15 Redlegged Partridge Alectoris rufa hispanica Perdiz
16 Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus chloropus Galinha d’água
17 Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius curonicus Borrelho pequeno de coleira
18 Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus Abibe
19 Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago gallinago Narceja
20 Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia Perna verde
21 Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus Maçarico bique bique
22 Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos Maçarico das rochas
23 Common Woodpigeon Columba palumbus palumbus Pombo torcaz
24 Eurasian Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto Rola turca
25 Little Owl Athene noctua vidalii Mocho galego
26 Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis ispida Guarda rios
27 Eurasian Hoopoe Upupa epops epops Poupa
28 Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major hispanus Pica pau malhardo
29 Crested Lark Galerida cristata pallida Cotovia de poupa
30 Woodlark Lullula arborea pallida Cotovia dos bosques
31 Eurasian Skylark Alauda arvensis sierrae Laverca
32 Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica rustica Andorinha das chaminés
33 Redrumped Swallow Cecropis daurica rufula Andorinha dáurica
34 Meadow Pipit Anthus pratensis pratensis Petinha dos prados
35 Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea cinerea Alvéola cinzenta
36 White Wagtail Motacilla alba alba Alvéola branca
37 Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros gibraltariensis Rabirruivo
38 Eurasian Stonechat Saxicola torquatus rubicola Cartaxo
39 Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe libanotica Chasco cinzento
40 Common Blackbird Turdus merula merula Melro
41 Mistle Thrush Turdus viscivorus viscivorus Tordoveia
42 Common Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita collybita Felosinha
43 Blue Tit Parus caeruleus ogliastrae Chapim azul
44 Great Tit Parus major corsus Chapim real
45 Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaea hispaniensis Trepadeira azul
46 Southern Grey Shrike Lanius meridionalis meridionalis Picanço real
47 Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius fasciatus Gaio
48 Iberian Azurewinged Magpie Cyanopica cooki Charneco
49 Carrion Crow Corvus corone corone Gralha preta
50 Northern Raven Corvus corax hispanus Corvo
51 Spotless Starling Sturnus unicolor Estorninho preto
52 House Sparrow Passer domesticus domesticus Pardal
53 Rock Sparrow Petronia petronia petronia Pardal francês
54 Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs coelebs Tentilhão
55 European Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis parva Pintassilgo
56 Common Linnet Carduelis cannabina mediterranea Pintarroxo
57 Corn Bunting Emberiza calandra calandra Trigueirão
MAMMALS
1 Iberian Hare Lepus granatensis granatensis Lebre iberica
2 Iberian Fox Vulpes vulpes silacea Raposa
3 Mediterranean Polecat Mustela putorius aureola Toirão
4 Iberian Badger Meles meles marianensis Texugo
5 Eurasian Otter Lutra lutra Lontra
6 Iberian Mongoose Herpestes ichneumon widdringtonii Sacarrabos ; Manguço
REPTILES & AMPHIBIANS
1 Spanish Terrapin Mauremys leprosa Cágado
2 Iberian Water Frog Pelodytes perezi Rã verde
DRAGONFLIES
1 Common Blue Damselfly Enallagma cyathigerum Libelinha do cogumelo; Libelinha azul comum
2 Iberian Bluetail or Bluetailed Damselfly Ischnura graellsii Iscnura ibero magrebina
3 Broad Scarlet or Scarlet Dragonfly Crocothemis erythraea Libélula escarlate
4 Epaulet Skimmer Orthetrum chrysostigma Ortétrum de faixa branca
5 Long Skimmer Orthetrum trinacria Ortétrum comprido
6 Redveined Darter Sympetrum fonscolombii Libélula de nervuras vermelhas
71 <--- Total Number of Species Recorded

 

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Wildlife at Windmill Pond

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