Portugal Wildlife

Guide to the Flowers of a Wildlife Reserve in Baixo Alentejo

All Photographs were taken by the website author on the reserve unless otherwise stated.

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Species Notes Photographs Photographs Photographs

Wild Leek

Allium ampeloprasum

Alho-de-verão; Alho-inglês; Chalotas
Peak Flowering Period: April to July

 

 

Stem and basal leaves.

 

 

 

 

Moroccan Garlic

Allium massaessylum

Alho de marrocos
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

 

 

 

 

Leaves and Stem.

 

Belladonna Lily

Amaryllis belladonna

Açucena
Peak Flowering Period: August to October

An exotic species from Southern Africa.

Roundheaded Leek

Allium sphaerocephalon

Alho bravo
Peak Flowering Period: May to July

 

Scarlet Pimpernel

Anagallis arvensis

Morrião dos campos
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

The common Red form of Scarlet Pimpernel.

 

 

Red and Blue forms growing side by side.

Blue form.

 

 

Rarer Blue form.

Red and blue forms growing together.

Blue form.

Shrubby Pimpernel

Anagallis monelli

Morrião grande
Peak Flowering Period: March to July

 

 

 

 

 

Daisy-leaved Toadflax

Anarrhinum bellidifolium

Samacalo
Peak Flowering Period: April to July

 

 

 

 

 

 

Undulate Alkanet

Anchusa undulata

Buglossa ondulada; Língua de vaca ondeada

Peak Flowering Period: February to May

 

 

 

Limestone Lettuce

Andryala integrifolia

Alface dos calcários; Tripa de ovelha
Peak Flowering Period: April to July

 

 

The English common name used here is based on one of the many Portuguese common names, Alface dos calcários, which means Limestone Lettuce.

Yellow Anemone

Anemone palmata

Anémona, Flor do vento
Peak Flowering Period: February to May

Basal Leaves.

Mouse Plant

Arisarum simorrhinum

Candeias
Peak Flowering Period: October to February

 

Giant Reed

Arundo donax

Cana
Invasive Alien. The status of this plant in the reserve is under consideration and the plants may be removed if they are thought to be a threat. Peak Flowering Period: August to October

The Giant reed is an exotic species that has been introduced to Portugal.

Greater Asparagus

Asparagus aphyllus

Espargo bravo
Peak Flowering Period: May to November

 

 

Common Asphodel

Asphodelus aestivus

Abrótea de verão
Peak Flowering Period: March to August

 

 

 

 

Yellow Milk Vetch

Astragalus boeticus

Serradela bética
Peak Flowering Period: January to May

 

Saltmarsh Aster

Aster squamatus

Mata jornaleiros

Peak Flowering Period: May to December

 

 

Invasive Alien.

 

 

Slender Oat

Avena barbata

Balanco bravo
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

 

 

Lesser Water Plantain

Baldellia repens

Baldélia ranunculada
Peak Flowering Period: March to October

 

 

Mediterranean Linseed

Bartsia trixago (Bellardia trixago)

Flor de ouro
Peak Flowering Period: April to June

The flowers can also be yellow.

Mediterranean Linseed is a semi-parasitic plant. It can obtain water nutrients from the roots of other species of plant, especially various grasses. As it is a green plant with chlorophyll, it is also able to make its own food using photosynthesis. It is a member of the broomrape family.

 

 

Sea Club-Rush

Bolboschoenus maritimus

Junça maritima
Peak Flowering Period: March to September

 

 

Field Mustard

Brassica rapa

Mostada
Peak Flowering Period: January to ?

 

 

Large Quaking Grass

Briza maxima

Bole bole maior
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

 

 

Red Bromegrass

Bromus rubens

Bromo avermelhado
Peak Flowering Period: April to May

 

 

 

Cheatgrass

Bromus tectorum

Bromo
Peak Flowering Period: March to July

 

 

Field Marigold

Calendula arvensis

Erva vaqueira
Peak Flowering Period: November to April

Field Marigold growing on top of Windmill Ruin.

 

 

 

 

Portuguese Bellflower

Campanula lusitanica

Campainhas
Peak Flowering Period: April to July

 

 

 

 

 

Rampion Bellflower

Campanula rapunculus

Campainhas rabanete; Campânula
Peak Flowering Period: April to July

 

 

 

 

 

 

Slender Thistle

Carduus tenuiflorus

Cardo azul
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

 

 

 

Racemose Carline Thistle

Carlina racemosa

Cardo amarelo anual
Peak Flowering Period: June to September

 

 

 

 

Common Centaury

Centaurium erythraea

Centáurea comum; Fel da terra
Peak Flowering Period: April to August

 

 

Yellow Centaury

Centaurium maritimum

Genciana da praia
Peak Flowering Period: March to July

 

Dusky Dogfennel

Chamaemelum fuscatum

Margaça de inverno
Peak Flowering Period: November to April

 

 

Moroccan Chamomile

Chamaemelum mixtum

Margaça
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

 

 

Crown Daisy

Chrysanthemum coronarium

Pampilho, Palmequer
Peak Flowering Period: February to May

 

 

 

Common Chicory

Cichorium intybus

Chicória
Peak Flowering Period: April to August

 

 

Nettle-leaved Goosefoot

Chenopodiastrum murale

Pé de ganso
Peak Flowering Period: November to September

 

 

Crispus Rockrose

Cistus crispus

Roselha
Peak Flowering Period: April to June

   

 

 

Gum Cistus

Cistus ladanifer

Esteva
Peak Flowering Period: March to May

 

 

A few Gum Cistus plants on the reserve lack the crimson spots at the base of the petals that the majority of the Gum Cistus flowers have.

 

A crimson-sptted Gum Cistus growing next to an all white Gum Cistus.

 

 

Sage-leaved Cistus

Cistus salviifolius

Saganho mouro
Peak Flowering Period: February to May

 

 

Flower buds and flowers.

Corn Marigold

Coleostephus myconis

Olhos de boi
 

 

 

 

Field Bindweed

Convolvulus arvensis

Corriola campestre
Peak Flowering Period: May to September

Note the Red Velvet Mite on the flower.

This plant, native to Europe and Asia, was introduced to America in around 1739. It has since become a significant alien invasive plant that causes substantial crop losses to farmers there.

Also known as a Morning Glory it is a climbing or creeping herbaceous perennial.

Guernsey Fleabane

Conyza sumatrensis

Avoadinha marfim

Peak Flowering Period: April to November

 

Introduced Alien Species

 

 

Cardoon

Cynara cardunculus

Alcachofra
Peak Flowering Period: May to July

 

 

Dessicated flower head (fallen horizontal).

Developing flower spikes of this thistle species.

Developing flower spikes.

 

 

Umbrella Sedge

Cyperus eragrostis

Junção
Peak Flowering Period: March to September

An Exotic species originally from the U.S.A. As such we will monitor the plant to ensure it does not become invasive.

 

 

Flax-leaved Daphne

Cyperus longus

Junça de cheiro
Peak Flowering Period: April to August

 

 

Flax-leaved Daphne

Daphne gnidium

Trovisco; Gorreiro; Lauréola macha
Peak Flowering Period: April to November

 

 

Wild Carrot

Daucus carota

Cenoura brava
Peak Flowering Period: May to September

Compound umbel.

Flower spike before flowers have opened.

 

Brown Bluebell

Dipcadi serotinum

Jacinto da tarde
Peak Flowering Period: February to May

 

 

 

 

Yellow Fleabane

Dittrichia viscosa

Tágueda
Peak Flowering Period: July to November

 

 

 

Purple Viper's Bugloss

Echium plantagineum

Soagem
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common Spikerush

Eleocharis palustris

Eleocare dos charcos; Junco marreco
Peak Flowering Period: March to August

 

 

Greater Willowherb

Epilobium hirsutum

Erva dos estolhos; Epilóbio eriçado
Peak Flowering Period: May to September

Longbeak Stork's-bill

Erodium botrys

Agulheta
Peak Flowering Period: March to May

Showing characteristically lobed, but not pinnately lobed, leaves.

Showing very long fruits - the "Stork's Bills".

Showing flowers and Stork's bill-shaped seed heads.

Common Stork's-bill

Erodium cicutarium

Bico de Cegonha
Peak Flowering Period: February to April

Showing characteristically pinnate leaves.

 

Sweet Fennel

Foeniculum vulgare

Fiolho
Peak Flowering Period: March to September

 

 

Field Fumitory

Fumaria agraria

Fumária dos campos
Peak Flowering Period: December to June

 

 

 

 

Purple Milk Thistle

Galactites tomentosus

Cardo
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

 

 

Lesser Gorse

Genista triacanthos

Tojo menor
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

The Lesser Gorse (a type of Broom) is Endemic to Iberia and North-West Morocco.

This small shrub is typically found in areas with Cork and Iberian Holm Oaks/Montado.

 

 

 

 

Cut-leaved Crane's-Bill

Geranium dissectum

Coentrinho
Peak Flowering Period: February to June

 

 

Finely cut leaves.

 

 

Dove's-Foot Cranes-Bill

Geranium molle

Bico de pomba
Peak Flowering Period: January to June

 

 

Fruits - "Crane's Bills".

Field Gladiolus

Gladiolus italicus

Gladíolo

Peak Flowering Period: March to May

 

 

 

Corn Daisy

Glebionis segetum

Pampilho das searas
Peak Flowering Period: February to June

An exotic species introduced from Eastern Europe.

 

Barbary Nut

Gynandriris sisyrhynchium

Pé de burro
Peak Flowering Period: February to April

The flowers of the Barbary Nut only open late in the morning/early afternoon.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scaly Hawkbit

Hedypnois cretica

Alface de Creta

 

Peak Flowering Period: February to June

 

 

 

          
       
         

Gold Everlasting

Helichrysum stoechas

Perpétuas das areias
Peak Flowering Period: May to September

 

 

Red Mites are present non the flower heads.

 

 

Common Heliotrope

Heliotropium europaeum

Verrucária; Tornassol com pêlos; Erva das verrugas
Peak Flowering Period: March to October

 

 

 

Mouse Barley

Hordeum murinum

Cevada dos ratos
Peak Flowering Period: March to October

 

 

Gecko-Foot Kidney Vetch

Hymenocarpos lotoides

Patinha de osga; Albaida
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

The English common name used here is based on the Portuguese common name, Patinha de osga, meaning Gecko-Foot (small gecko foot).

 

 

Trailing St John's-Wort

Hypericum humifusum

Erva das mil Folhinhas
Peak Flowering Period: March to September

 

Flax-leaved St John's-Wort

Hypericum linariifolium

Hipericão estriado; Pelicão
Peak Flowering Period: May to July

The sepals have stalked black glands. Sepals are individual segments of the calyx.

 

 

 

 

Coral-necklace

Illecebrum verticillatum

Aranhões; Erva sanguinha
Peak Flowering Period: March to September

Common Morning Glory

Ipomoea indica

Glória da manhã
Peak Flowering Period: February to October

This species is an invasive alien. It will be monitored and, if necessary, erdicated before it can become a pest on the reserve.

Bearded Iris

Iris germanica

Lírio Germânico
Peak Flowering Period: February to April

This is an exotic species that has been introduced in some areas in Portugal.

 

 

Sheep's bit scabious

Jasione Montana

Botão azul
Peak Flowering Period: April to July

 

 

 

 

Sharp-flowered Rush

Juncus acutiflorus

Junco de flor aguda
Peak Flowering Period: May to August

 

 

Soft Rush

Juncus effusus

Junco solto
Peak Flowering Period: May to August

 

 

Two-leaved Rush

Juncus heterophyllus

Junco de folhas variadas
Peak Flowering Period: April to July

 

 

Prickly Lettuce

Lactuca serriola

Alface brava
Peak Flowering Period: May to September

Amazingly this plant, which can grow to 2m tall and has large spines on its leaf veins, is the ancestor of our humble supermarket lettuce (Lactuca sativa) !

Golden Dogstail

Lamarckia aurea

Lamárquia dourada
Peak Flowering Period: February to June

 

 

Angled Pea

Lathyrus angulatus

Cizarão de folha estreita
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

Note the large seed pod on the right.

Note the pairs of lanceolate leaflets and branched tendrils.

Red Vetchling

Lathyrus cicera

Araca; Chícharo branco
Peak Flowering Period: March to May

 

French lavender

Lavandula stoechas

Cabeçuda; Rosmaninho; Arçã
Peak Flowering Period: February to June

 

 

 

 

 

Small Tree Mallow

Lavatera cretica

Malva alta
Peak Flowering Period: March to July

 

 

 

 

 

Lesser Hawkbit

Leontodon taraxacoides

Leituga dos montes

Peak Flowering Period: February to July

 

 

Autumn Snowflake

Leucojum autumnale

Campainhas do outono
Peak Flowering Period: August to November

 

 

Amethyst Toadflax

Linaria amethystea

Esporas bravas

Peak Flowering Period: January to May

 

 

 

Ballast Toadflax

Linaria spartea

Ansarina dos campos
Peak Flowering Period: February to July

Pale Flax

Linum bienne

Linho bravo; Linho de inverno
Peak Flowering Period: February to June

Coimbra Trefoil

Lotus conimbricensis

Loto de coimbra
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

 

 

Bird's-foot Trefoil

Lotus corniculatus

Cornichão
Peak Flowering Period: March to August

Small-flowered Birdsfoot Trefoil

Lotus parviflorus

Loto de flor miúda
Peak Flowering Period: April to June

 

 

 

 

 

Narrow-leaved Lupin

Lupinus angustifolius

Tremoço bravo
Peak Flowering Period: February to May

 

 

Characteristically narrow leaves.

Seed pods.

 

 

Very upright growth habit.

 

 

Yellow Lupin

Lupinus luteus

Tremoceiro amarelo
Native plant. But also planted to provide a green manure for our Olive Grove. Peak Flowering Period: March to June

 

 

 

 

Some plants have Orange flowers.

Yellow Lupin plants sown as seeds in our Olive Grove to provide a green manure. Lupins have nitrogen-fixing bacteria in their root nodules, a trait typical to pea family species.

 

 

Yellow Lupins in flower in the Olive Grove.

 

 

 

 

Hairy Lupin

Lupinus micranthus

Tremoço hirsuto

Peak Flowering Period: March to May

Spanish Mallow

Malva hispanica

Malva de espanha
Peak Flowering Period: April to July

 

Least Mallow

Malva parviflora

Malva de flor pequena
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

The flowers are very small compared to the rather vigorous foliage.

Fruit.

 

 

 

Leaf.

 

 

Pennyroyal

Mentha pulegium

Hortelâ pimenta mansa
Peak Flowering Period: June to September

Round-leaved Mint

Mentha suaveolens

Mentastro, Hortelã brava
Peak Flowering Period: June to September

Note the wrinkled leaf surface, typical of this species.

 

 

 

 

Annual Mercury

Mercurialis ambigua

Barradoiro

Peak Flowering Period: All Year

 

 

Meadow Saffron

Merendera filifolia

Quita merenda

Peak Flowering Period: September to November

 

 

Pale Lesser Snapdragon

Misopates calycinum
Peak Flowering Period: March to July

Lesser Snapdragon

Misopates orontium

Focinho de rato
Peak Flowering Period: March to July

 

 

 

Tassel Grape Hyacinth

Muscari comosum

Jacinto das searas; Cebolinho de flor azul
Peak Flowering Period: March to May

 

 

 

Jersey Forget-me-not

Myosotis debilis

Não tem
Peak Flowering Period: April to June

The Jersey Forget-me-not grows in wet meadows, river banks, pond edges and temporary pools. A water-loving plant.

The flowers of this Forget-me-not are tiny.

 

 

The Jersey Forget-me-not is endemic to the Mediterranean basin. It is found in Portugal, Spain, Morocco and Algeria.

Spiked Water Milfoil

Myriophyllum spicatum

Pinheirinha da água
Peak Flowering Period: May to November

 

Hoop Petticoat Narcissus

Narcissus bulbocodium

Campainhas amarelas
Peak Flowering Period: January to April

Photo showing the Narcissus growing in winterbourne stream.

 

 

 

 

 

Jonquil Narcissus

Narcissus jonquilla

Junquilho
Peak Flowering Period: February to April

 

Paperwhite Daffodil

Narcissus papyraceus

Narciso de inverno
Peak Flowering Period: January to March

 

 

Autumn Narcissus

Narcissus serotinus

Narciso do outono

Peak Flowering Period: September to November

 

This species is a "Near Threatened" plant in Portugal

 

 

Portuguese Catmint

Nepeta multibracteata

Nêveda ramosa
Peak Flowering Period: May to July

The English common name used here is a translation of an alternate (synonym) Latin binomial name, Nepeta lusitanica, meaning Portuguese Catmint. Lusitanica was the Roman name for Portugal. This species also occurs in Spain, Morocco and Algeria.

The Latin binomial name refers to the many flower bracts.

 

 

 

Oleander

Nerium oleander

Loendro ; Cevadilha
Peak Flowering Period: February to March and May to August

 

Hemlock Water-Dropwort

Oenanthe crocata

Embude, Prego do diabo
Peak Flowering Period: March to July

 

Luxuriant and vigorous leaf growth.

 

 

This species of umbellifer is water-loving and lives in our river.

 

 

 

Cat-Claw Rest-Harrow

Ononis cintrana

Unha gata; Unha gata de Sintra; Rilha boi
Peak Flowering Period: April to June

 

 

The common English name used here is a translation of one of the Portuguese common names, Unha gata, which means Cat Claw.

Green-winged Orchid

Orchis morio

Erva do salepo
Peak Flowering Period: March to May

 

 

Basal leaves.

Star of Bethlehem

Ornithogalum orthophyllum

Leite de galinha
Peak Flowering Period: February to May

Star of Bethlehem flowers with a Crab Spider.

 

 

Compressed Bird's-Foot

Ornithopus compressus

Serradela amarela
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

The flowers of this member of the Pea family are very small. Just 5-8mm.

The leaves are produced in 7-18 pairs of leaflets.

   

The seed pods have a characteristic curved shape and are much larger than the flowers.

 

 

Common Broomrape

Orobanche minor

Orobanca

Peak Flowering Period: April to June

The Broomrapes are parasitic on the roots of other plants. This species usually attacks legumes, composites and umbellifers.

 

 

 

 

This Common broomrape is likely to be parasitising the roots of the yellow legume seen in the photograph.

 

Hemp Broomrape

Orobanche ramosa

Erva toira ramosa
Peak Flowering Period: February to May

Hemp Broomrape is a plant without any chlorophyll that lives by parasitising other plants to obtain all its food requirements.

 

 

 

Bermuda Buttercup

Oxalis pes-caprae

Trevo azedo
Peak Flowering Period: November to April

This is an exotic species that was introduced to Portugal.

 

 

This leaf shape is typical of Oxalis.

Long-headed Poppy

Papaver dubium

Papoila longa
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

 

 

 

 

Long-headed Poppies are orange in colour.

 

 

Rough Poppy

Papaver hybridum

Papoila ouricada; Papoila peluda
Peak Flowering Period: March to May

Rough Poppies have much smaller flowers than Long-headed Poppies and they are a deep red colour.

 

Common Poppy

Papaver rhoeas

Papoila
Peak Flowering Period: March to March to July

 

 

 

Yellow Bartsia

Parentucellia viscosa 

Erva peganhenta
Peak Flowering Period: April to June

Yellow Bartsia is a semi-parasitic plant. It has root-like organs known as haustoria that it uses to obtain nutrients from the roots of other species of plant. As it is a green plant with chlorophyll, it is also able to make its own food using photosynthesis. It is a member of the broomrape family.

 

 

 

 

Group of Yellow bartsia plants.

Meadow drift including Yellow Bartsia.

 

Silver Paronychia

Paronychia argentea

Erva prata; Erva dos unheiros
Peak Flowering Period: February to June

Lampwick

Phlomis lychnitis

Salva brava; Candeiolas
Peak Flowering Period: April to June

 

 

 

 

Buck's-Horn Plantain

Plantago coronopus

Diabelha
Peak Flowering Period: March to July

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hare's Foot Plantain

Plantago lagopus

Orelha de lebre
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

Leaves of Hare's Foot Plantain.

Ribwort Plantain

Plantago lanceolate

Corrijó, Língua de ovelha
Peak Flowering Period: March to July

 

 

Jersey Cudweed

Pseudognaphalium luteo-album

Perpétua brava

Peak Flowering Period: February to October

Jersey Buttercup

Ranunculus paludosus

Ranúnculo dos charcos
Peak Flowering Period: February to May

 

 

 

 

Pond Water-Crowfoot

Ranunculus peltatus

Ranúnculo aquático

Aquatic Plant. Peak Flowering Period: February to May

This aquatic plant has submerged and floating leaves. This photograph shows the long, flowing submerged leaves (when water level is higher).

This photo shows both the floating leaves at the surface and the long, filamentous submerged leaves under the water.

 

 

 

The Pond Water-Crowfoot is a member of the Buttercup family.

 

 

 

 

 

Wild Radish

Raphanus raphanistrum

Saramago
Peak Flowering Period: January to June

 

Weld or Dyer's Rocket

Reseda luteola

Lírio dos tintureiros
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

Crocus-leaved Romulea

Romulea bulbocodium

Nosilha
Peak Flowering Period: January to April

 

 

 

Sheep's Sorrel

Rumex acetosella

Erva azeda
Peak Flowering Period: March to July

The basal lobes of the leaves characteristically turn upwards.

 

 

Red Dock

Rumex bucephalophorus

Catacuzes
Peak Flowering Period: February to June

 

 

 

 

Northern Dock

Rumex longifolius

Labaça comprida

Peak Flowering Period: ??? May

A tall plant - up to 120cm (4 feet).

 

 

It is presumed that the Northern Dock is native to Portugal.

Rosemary

Salvia rosmarinus

Alecrim
Peak Flowering Period: October to June

 

 

Mediterranean Salad Burnet

Sanguisorba verrucosa

Pimpinela menor
Peak Flowering Period: March to July

 

 

 

 

Sweet Scabious

Scabiosa atropurpurea

Saudades roxas; Suspiros; Suspiros roxos
Peak Flowering Period: April to July

 

 

 

 

 

Common Club-Rush

Schoenoplectus lacustris

Bunho
Peak Flowering Period: April to September

 

 

Autumn Squill

Scilla autumnalis

Cila de outubro
Peak Flowering Period: August to November

 

 

Round-headed Club-Rush

Scirpoides holoschoenus

Bunho
Peak Flowering Period: April to August

Flowers.

 

 

Old seed heads.

 

 

 

Scorpion Plant

Scorpiurus muricatus

Cornilhão pequeno
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

Note coiled seed pod on centre left of photograph.

 

 

Note coiled seed pod on bottom right of photograph - which supposedly resembles a caterpillar.

 

Caterpillar Plant

Scorpiurus vermiculatus

Cornilhão esponjoso
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

 

 

The resemblance of this plant's seed pod to a Caterpillar gives it its English common name.

Common Ragwort

Senecio jacobaea

Erva de são tiago; Tasna
Peak Flowering Period: May to September

Common Ragwort flowers are an important nectar source for butterflies such as Small Coppers.

Cinnabar Moth caterpillars feeding on Common Ragwort. These caterpillars become toxic to other animals when they eat the poisonous ragwort plants which gives them protection from predators.

 

 

Common Ragwort covered in red mites which feed on the flowers.

 

 

Groundsel

Senecio vulgaris

Tasneirinha
Peak Flowering Period: December to April

 

 

Seed head of Groundsel. The seeds will be dispersed by the wind or any animals brushing past the plant.

 

Tongue Orchid

Serapias strictiflora

Erva língua constrita

Peak Flowering Period: March to May

Creamy-yellow variety.

 

 

 

 

Field Madder

Sherardia arvensis

Granza dos campos
Peak Flowering Period: February to June

 

 

 

 

Mediterranean Catchfly

Silene colorata

Silene rosada
Peak Flowering Period: February to May

Small-flowered Catchfly

Silene gallica

Erva mel; Nariz de zorra
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

 

 

Black Nightshade

Solanum nigrum

Erva moira
Peak Flowering Period: All Year Round

 

Common Sow-Thistle

Sonchus oleraceus

Serralha branca
Peak Flowering Period: January to September

Smooth Sow-Thistle

Sonchus tenerrimus

Serralha

Peak Flowering Period: February to August

 

 

Bee collecting pollen from Smooth Sow-Thistle flower.

 

Corn Spurrey

Spergula arvensis

Cassamelo

Peak Flowering Period: October to July

 

 

Purple Sand Spurrey

Spergularia purpurea

Sapinho roxo
Peak Flowering Period: March to July

 

 

Field Woundwort

Stachys arvensis

Rabo de raposa
Peak Flowering Period: January to May

 

Lesser Shepherdscress

Teesdalia coronopifolia

Assembleias pequenas

 

Peak Flowering Period: December to May

 

 

Shining Deadly Carrot

Thapsia nitida

Peak Flowering Period: April to June

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Southern Deadly Carrot

Thapsia transtagana

Tápsia
Peak Flowering Period: March to May

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

European Umbrella Milkwort

Tolpis barbata

Olhos de mocho
Peak Flowering Period: March to July

Spreading Hedgeparsley

Torilis arvensis

Salsinha
Peak Flowering Period: April to July

Narrow-leaved Crimson Clover

Trifolium angustifolium

Trevo massaroco, Rabo de gato
Peak Flowering Period: April to July

 

 

Hare's-Foot Clover

Trifolium arvense

Pé de lebre; Trevo branco
Peak Flowering Period: March to July

 

 

 

Hop Trefoil

Trifolium campestre

Trevo amarelo
Peak Flowering Period: March to July

Clustered Clover

Trifolium glomeratum

Trevo
Peak Flowering Period: April to July

 

 

 

 

 

White Clover

Trifolium repens

Trevo branco
Peak Flowering Period: March to July

 

 

Reversed Clover

Trifolium resupinatum

Trevo da pérsia; Trevo de flores reviradas
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

The English name is based on the fact that the flowers are reversed, that is to say upside down when compared to other species of clover.

 

 

Arrowleaf Clover

Trifolium vesiculosum

Trevo vesiculoso

Peak Flowering Period: April to July

 

 

This species is not Native to Portugal. It is an introduced Exotic species.

 

 

Diagnostic White 'W'-shaped marking on pointed, arrow-shaped, leaves.

Spotted Rock Rose

Tuberaria guttata

Alcar

Peak Flowering Period: March to June

 

 

The flowers of the Spotted Rock Rose are highly variable. These flowers have very small spots at the base of the petals.

All these flowers are Spotted Rock Rose.

 

Spotted Rock Rose among variety of other flower species.

 

 

 

 

Lesser Bulrush

Typha angustifolia

Tábua estreita

Peak Flowering Period: April to July

Inflorescence of Male Flowers (above the female flowers).

Inflorescence of Female Flowers (below the male flowers).

Lesser Bulrushes with Male and Female flowers.

Southern Cattail

Typha domingensis

Tábua estreita

Peak Flowering Period: March to August

Silvery Gorse

Ulex argenteus

Tojo prateado
Peak Flowering Period: November to April

 

 

Iberian Gorse

Ulex australis welwitschianus

Tojo Ibérico ?
Peak Flowering Period: December to April

 

 

This sub-species is Endemic to Portugal.

 

 

Iberian Navelwort

(I could find no English common name and so have used this name as this species is found mostly in Iberia)

Umbilicus heylandianus

Sombreirinhos dos telhados
Peak Flowering Period: April to July

 

 

 

 

 

 

Navelwort

Umbilicus rupestris

Umbigo de vénus
Peak Flowering Period: March to July

Navelwort typically grows in rocks and old walls.

 

 

Navelwort growing on top of Windmill ruin.

 

 

Sea Squill

Urginea maritima

Cebola albarrã
Peak Flowering Period: August to October

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Prickly Goldenfleece

Urospermum picroides

Leituga de burro

Peak Flowering Period: February to July

 

 

Purple Vetch

Vicia benghalensis

Ervilhaca vermelha

Peak Flowering Period: March to June

Yellow Vetch

Vicia lutea

Ervilhaca amarela 

Peak Flowering Period: February to July

 

 

Common Vetch

Vicia sativa

Ervilhaca mansa; Ervilhaca comum

Peak Flowering Period: February to July

 

 

Seed pod.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Flower Species List :

 

 

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