Portugal Wildlife

Guide to the Flowers of a Wildlife Reserve in Baixo Alentejo

All Photographs were taken by the website author on the reserve unless otherwise stated.

Species Notes Photographs Photographs Photographs

Wild Leek

Allium ampeloprasum

Alho-de-verão; Alho-inglês; Chalotas
Peak Flowering Period: April to July

 

 

Stem and basal leaves.

 

 

 

 

Moroccan Garlic

Allium massaessylum

Alho de marrocos
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

 

 

 

 

Leaves and Stem.

 

Roundheaded Leek

Allium sphaerocephalon

Alho bravo
Peak Flowering Period: May to July

 

 

Scarlet Pimpernel

Anagallis arvensis

Morrião dos campos
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

The common Red form of Scarlet Pimpernel.

 

 

Rarer Blue form.

Red and blue forms growing together.

Blue form.

Shrubby Pimpernel

Anagallis monelli

Morrião grande
Peak Flowering Period: March to July

 

 

 

 

 

Daisy-leaved Toadflax

Anarrhinum bellidifolium

Samacalo
Peak Flowering Period: April to July

 

 

 

 

 

 

Undulate Alkanet

Anchusa undulata

Buglossa ondulada; Língua de vaca ondeada

Peak Flowering Period: February to May

 

 

 

Limestone Lettuce

Andryala integrifolia

Alface dos calcários; Tripa de ovelha
Peak Flowering Period: April to July

 

 

The English common name used here is based on one of the many Portuguese common names, Alface dos calcários, which means Limestone Lettuce.

Yellow Anemone

Anemone palmata

Anémona, Flor do vento
Peak Flowering Period: February to May

Basal Leaves.

Mouse Plant

Arisarum simorrhinum

Candeias
Peak Flowering Period: October to February

 

Giant Reed

Arundo donax

Cana
Invasive Alien. The status of this plant in the reserve is under consideration and the plants may be removed if they are thought to be a threat. Peak Flowering Period: August to October

The Giant reed is an exotic species that has been introduced to Portugal.

Greater Asparagus

Asparagus aphyllus

Espargo bravo
Peak Flowering Period: May to November

 

 

Common Asphodel

Asphodelus aestivus

Abrótea de verão
Peak Flowering Period: March to August

 

 

 

 

Mediterranean Linseed

Bartsia trixago (Bellardia trixago)

Flor de ouro
Peak Flowering Period: April to June

The flowers can also be yellow.

Mediterranean Linseed is a semi-parasitic plant. It can obtain water nutrients from the roots of other species of plant, especially various grasses. As it is a green plant with chlorophyll, it is also able to make its own food using photosynthesis. It is a member of the broomrape family.

 

 

Large Quaking Grass

Briza maxima

Bole bole maior
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

 

 

Field Marigold

Calendula arvensis

Erva vaqueira
Peak Flowering Period: November to April

Field Marigold growing on top of Windmill Ruin.

 

 

 

 

Portuguese Bellflower

Campanula lusitanica

Campainhas
Peak Flowering Period: April to July

 

 

 

 

 

Rampion Bellflower

Campanula rapunculus

Campainhas rabanete; Campânula
Peak Flowering Period: April to July

 

 

 

 

 

 

Slender Thistle

Carduus tenuiflorus

Cardo azul
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

 

 

 

Racemose Carline Thistle

Carlina racemosa

Cardo amarelo anual
Peak Flowering Period: June to September

Common Centaury

Centaurium erythraea

Centáurea comum; Fel da terra
Peak Flowering Period: April to August

 

 

Dusky Dogfennel

Chamaemelum fuscatum

Margaça de inverno
Peak Flowering Period: November to April

 

 

Moroccan Chamomile

Chamaemelum mixtum

Margaça
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

 

 

Crown Daisy

Chrysanthemum coronarium

Pampilho, Palmequer
Peak Flowering Period: February to May

 

 

 

Corn Marigold

Chrysanthemum segetum

Pampilho das searas
Peak Flowering Period: March to April

This is an exotic species that was introduced to Portugal.

 

 

 

 

 

Crispus Rockrose

Cistus crispus

Roselha
Peak Flowering Period: April to June

   

 

 

Gum Cistus

Cistus ladanifer

Esteva
Peak Flowering Period: March to May

 

 

A few Gum Cistus plants on the reserve lack the crimson spots at the base of the petals that the majority of the Gum Cistus flowers have.

 

A crimson-sptted Gum Cistus growing next to an all white Gum Cistus.

 

 

Sage-leaved Cistus

Cistus salviifolius

Saganho mouro
Peak Flowering Period: February to May

 

 

Flower buds and flowers.

Field Bindweed

Convolvulus arvensis

Corriola campestre
Peak Flowering Period: May to September

Note the Red Velvet Mite on the flower.

This plant, native to Europe and Asia, was introduced to America in around 1739. It has since become a significant alien invasive plant that causes substantial crop losses to farmers there.

Also known as a Morning Glory it is a climbing or creeping herbaceous perennial.

Cardoon

Cynara cardunculus

Alcachofra
Peak Flowering Period: May to July

 

 

Dessicated flower head (fallen horizontal).

Developing flower spikes of this thistle species.

Developing flower spikes.

 

 

Umbrella Sedge

Cyperus eragrostis

Junção
Peak Flowering Period: March to September

An Exotic species originally from the U.S.A. As such we will monitor the plant to ensure it does not become invasive.

 

 

Flax-leaved Daphne

Daphne gnidium

Trovisco; Gorreiro; Lauréola macha
Peak Flowering Period: April to November

 

 

Wild Carrot

Daucus carota

Cenoura brava
Peak Flowering Period: May to September

Compound umbel.

Flower spike before flowers have opened.

 

Brown Bluebell

Dipcadi serotinum

Jacinto da tarde
Peak Flowering Period: February to May

 

 

 

 

Purple Viper's Bugloss

Echium plantagineum

Soagem
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

 

 

 

Common Spikerush

Eleocharis palustris

Eleocare dos charcos; Junco marreco
Peak Flowering Period: March to August

 

 

Greater Willowherb

Epilobium hirsutum

Erva dos estolhos; Epilóbio eriçado
Peak Flowering Period: May to September

Longbeak Stork's-bill

Erodium botrys

Agulheta
Peak Flowering Period: March to May

Showing characteristically lobed, but not pinnately lobed, leaves.

Showing very long fruits - the "Stork's Bills".

Showing flowers and Stork's bill-shaped seed heads.

Common Stork's-bill

Erodium cicutarium

Bico de Cegonha
Peak Flowering Period: February to April

Showing characteristically pinnate leaves.

 

Field Fumitory

Fumaria agraria

Fumária dos campos
Peak Flowering Period: December to June

 

 

 

 

Purple Milk Thistle

Galactites tomentosus

Cardo
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

 

 

 

Lesser Gorse

Genista triacanthos

Tojo menor
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

The Lesser Gorse (a type of Broom) is Endemic to Iberia and North-West Morocco.

This small shrub is typically found in areas with Cork and Iberian Holm Oaks/Montado.

 

 

 

 

Cut-leaved Crane's-Bill

Geranium dissectum

Coentrinho
Peak Flowering Period: February to June

 

 

Finely cut leaves.

 

 

Dove's-Foot Cranes-Bill

Geranium molle

Bico de pomba
Peak Flowering Period: January to June

 

 

Fruits - "Crane's Bills".

Field Gladiolus

Gladiolus italicus

Acoro falso

Peak Flowering Period: March to May

 

 

 

Barbary Nut

Gynandriris sisyrhynchium

Pé de brurro
Peak Flowering Period: February to April

The flowers of the Barbary Nut only open late in the morning.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gold Everlasting

Helichrysum stoechas

Perpétuas das areias
Peak Flowering Period: May to September

 

 

Red Mites are present non the flower heads.

 

 

Common Heliotrope

Heliotropium europaeum

Verrucária; Tornassol com pêlos; Erva das verrugas
Peak Flowering Period: March to October

 

 

 

Gecko-Foot Kidney Vetch

Hymenocarpos lotoides

Patinha de osga; Albaida
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

The English common name used here is based on the Portuguese common name, Patinha de osga, meaning Gecko-Foot (small gecko foot).

 

 

Flax-leaved St John's-Wort

Hypericum linariifolium

Hipericão estriado; Pelicão
Peak Flowering Period: May to July

The sepals have stalked black glands. Sepals are individual segments of the calyx.

 

 

 

 

Coral-necklace

Illecebrum verticillatum

Aranhões; Erva sanguinha
Peak Flowering Period: March to September

Sheep's bit scabious

Jasione Montana

Botão azul
Peak Flowering Period: April to July

 

 

 

 

Prickly Lettuce

Lactuca serriola

Alface brava
Peak Flowering Period: May to September

Amazingly this plant, which can grow to 2m tall and has large spines on its leaf veins, is the ancestor of our humble supermarket lettuce (Lactuca sativa) !

Angled Pea

Lathyrus angulatus

Cizarão de folha estreita
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

Note the large seed pod on the right.

Note the pairs of lanceolate leaflets and branched tendrils.

Red Vetchling

Lathyrus cicera

Araca; Chícharo branco
Peak Flowering Period: March to May

 

French lavender

Lavandula stoechas

Cabeçuda; Rosmaninho; Arçã
Peak Flowering Period: February to June

 

 

 

 

 

Small Tree Mallow

Lavatera cretica

Malva alta
Peak Flowering Period: March to July

 

 

 

 

 

Autumn Snowflake

Leucojum autumnale

Campainhas do outono
Peak Flowering Period: August to November

 

 

Annual Toadflax

Linaria incarnata
Peak Flowering Period: (February) March to June

 

 

 

Ballast Toadflax

Linaria spartea

Ansarina dos campos
Peak Flowering Period: February to July

Pale Flax

Linum bienne

Linho bravo; Linho de inverno
Peak Flowering Period: February to June

Small-flowered Birdsfoot Trefoil

Lotus parviflorus

Loto de flor miúda
Peak Flowering Period: April to June

 

 

 

 

 

Narrow-leaved Lupin

Lupinus angustifolius

Tremoço bravo
Peak Flowering Period: February to May

 

 

Characteristically narrow leaves.

Seed pods.

 

 

Very upright growth habit.

 

 

Yellow Lupin

Lupinus luteus

Tremoceiro amarelo
Native plant. But also planted to provide a green manure for our Olive Grove. Peak Flowering Period: March to June

 

 

 

 

Some plants have Orange flowers.

Yellow Lupin plants sown as seeds in our Olive Grove to provide a green manure. Lupins have nitrogen-fixing bacteria in their root nodules, a trait typical to pea family species.

 

 

Yellow Lupins in flower in the Olive Grove.

 

 

 

 

Hairy Lupin

Lupinus micranthus

Tremoço hirsuto

Peak Flowering Period: March to May

Spanish Mallow

Malva hispanica

Malva de espanha
Peak Flowering Period: April to July

 

Least Mallow

Malva parviflora

Malva de flor pequena
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

The flowers are very small compared to the rather vigorous foliage.

Fruit.

 

 

 

Leaf.

 

 

Pennyroyal

Mentha pulegium

Hortelâ pimenta mansa
Peak Flowering Period: June to September

Round-leaved Mint

Mentha suaveolens

Mentastro, Hortelã brava
Peak Flowering Period: June to September

Note the wrinkled leaf surface, typical of this species.

 

 

 

 

Woody Sandwort

Minuartia geniculata
Peak Flowering Period: March to ?

 

 

Pale Lesser Snapdragon

Misopates calycinum
Peak Flowering Period: March to July

Lesser Snapdragon

Misopates orontium

Focinho de rato
Peak Flowering Period: March to July

 

 

 

Tassel Grape Hyacinth

Muscari comosum

Jacinto das searas; Cebolinho de flor azul
Peak Flowering Period: March to May

 

 

 

Jersey Forget-me-not

Myosotis debilis

Não tem
Peak Flowering Period: April to June

The Jersey Forget-me-not grows in wet meadows, river banks, pond edges and temporary pools. A water-loving plant.

The flowers of this Forget-me-not are tiny.

 

 

The Jersey Forget-me-not is endemic to the Mediterranean basin. It is found in Portugal, Spain, Morocco and Algeria.

Hoop Petticoat Narcissus

Narcissus bulbocodium

Campainhas amarelas
Peak Flowering Period: January to April

Photo showing the Narcissus growing in winterbourne stream.

 

 

 

 

 

Portuguese Catmint

Nepeta multibracteata

Nêveda ramosa
Peak Flowering Period: May to July

The English common name used here is a translation of an alternate (synonym) Latin binomial name, Nepeta lusitanica, meaning Portuguese Catmint. Lusitanica was the Roman name for Portugal. This species also occurs in Spain, Morocco and Algeria.

The Latin binomial name refers to the many flower bracts.

 

 

 

Oleander

Nerium oleander

Loendro ; Cevadilha
Peak Flowering Period: February to March and May to August

 

Hemlock Water-Dropwort

Oenanthe crocata

Embude, Prego do diabo
Peak Flowering Period: March to July

 

Luxuriant and vigorous leaf growth.

 

 

This species of umbellifer is water-loving and lives in our river.

 

 

 

Cat-Claw Rest-Harrow

Ononis cintrana

Unha gata; Unha gata de Sintra; Rilha boi
Peak Flowering Period: April to June

 

 

The common English name used here is a translation of one of the Portuguese common names, Unha gata, which means Cat Claw.

Early Purple Orchid

Orchis mascula olbiensis

Satirião macho
Peak Flowering Period: March to May

 

 

Basal leaves.

Star of Bethlehem

Ornithogalum orthophyllum

Leite de galinha
Peak Flowering Period: February to May

Star of Bethlehem flowers with a Crab Spider.

 

 

 

Compressed Bird's-Foot

Ornithopus compressus

Serradela amarela
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

The flowers of this member of the Pea family are very small. Just 5-8mm.

The leaves are produced in 7-18 pairs of leaflets.

   

The seed pods have a characteristic curved shape and are much larger than the flowers.

 

 

Common Broomrape

Orobanche minor

Orobanca

Peak Flowering Period: April to June

The Broomrapes are parasitic on the roots of other plants. This species usually attacks legumes, composites and umbellifers.

 

 

 

 

This Common broomrape is likely to be parasitising the roots of the yellow legume seen in the photograph.

 

Hemp Broomrape

Orobanche ramosa

Erva toira ramosa
Peak Flowering Period: February to May

Hemp Broomrape is a plant without any chlorophyll that lives by parasitising other plants to obtain all its food requirements.

 

 

 

Bermuda Buttercup

Oxalis pes-caprae

Trevo azedo
Peak Flowering Period: November to April

This is an exotic species that was introduced to Portugal.

 

 

This leaf shape is typical of Oxalis.

Long-headed Poppy

Papaver dubium

Papoila longa
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

 

 

 

 

Long-headed Poppies are orange in colour.

 

 

Rough Poppy

Papaver hybridum

Papoila ouricada; Papoila peluda
Peak Flowering Period: March to May

Rough Poppies have much smaller flowers than Long-headed Poppies and they are a deep red colour.

 

Common Poppy

Papaver rhoeas

Papoila
Peak Flowering Period: March to March to July

Yellow Bartsia

Parentucellia viscosa 

Erva peganhenta
Peak Flowering Period: April to June

Yellow Bartsia is a semi-parasitic plant. It has root-like organs known as haustoria that it uses to obtain nutrients from the roots of other species of plant. As it is a green plant with chlorophyll, it is also able to make its own food using photosynthesis. It is a member of the broomrape family.

 

 

 

 

Group of Yellow bartsia plants.

Meadow drift including Yellow Bartsia.

 

Silver Paronychia

Paronychia argentea

Erva prata; Erva dos unheiros
Peak Flowering Period: February to June

Lampwick

Phlomis lychnitis

Salva brava; Candeiolas
Peak Flowering Period: April to June

 

 

 

 

Buck's-Horn Plantain

Plantago coronopus

Diabelha
Peak Flowering Period: March to July

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hare's Foot Plantain

Plantago lagopus

Orelha de lebre
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

Leaves of Hare's Foot Plantain.

Ribwort Plantain

Plantago lanceolate

Corrijó, Língua de ovelha
Peak Flowering Period: March to July

 

 

Jersey Cudweed

Pseudognaphalium luteo-album

Perpétua brava

Peak Flowering Period: February to October

Jersey Buttercup

Ranunculus paludosus

Ranúnculo dos charcos
Peak Flowering Period: February to May

 

 

 

 

Stream Water-Crowfoot

Ranunculus penicillatus

 

Aquatic Plant. Peak Flowering Period: February to May

This aquatic plant has submerged and floating leaves. This photograph shows the long, flowing submerged leaves (when water level is higher).

This photo shows both the floating leaves at the surface and the long, filamentous submerged leaves under the water.

 

 

 

The Stream Water-Crowfoot is a member of the Buttercup family.

 

 

 

 

 

Wild Radish

Raphanus raphanistrum

Saramago
Peak Flowering Period: January to June

 

Weld or Dyer's Rocket

Reseda luteola

Lírio dos tintureiros
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

Crocus-leaved Romulea

Romulea bulbocodium

Nosilha
Peak Flowering Period: January to April

 

 

 

Sheep's Sorrel

Rumex acetosella

Erva azeda
Peak Flowering Period: March to July

The basal lobes of the leaves characteristically turn upwards.

 

 

Red Dock

Rumex bucephalophorus

Catacuzes
Peak Flowering Period: February to June

 

 

 

 

Northern Dock

Rumex longifolius

Peak Flowering Period: ??? May

A tall plant - up to 120cm (4 feet).

 

 

It is presumed that the Northern Dock is native to Portugal.

Mediterranean Salad Burnet

Sanguisorba verrucosa

Pimpinela menor
Peak Flowering Period: March to July

 

 

 

 

Sweet Scabious

Scabiosa atropurpurea

Saudades roxas; Suspiros; Suspiros roxos
Peak Flowering Period: April to July

 

 

 

 

 

Autumn Squill

Scilla autumnalis

Cila de outubro
Peak Flowering Period: August to November

 

 

Round-headed Club-Rush

Scirpoides holoschoenus

Bunho
Peak Flowering Period: April to August

Flowers.

 

 

Old seed heads.

 

 

 

Scorpion Plant

Scorpiurus muricatus

Cornilhão pequeno
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

Note coiled seed pod on centre left of photograph.

 

 

Note coiled seed pod on bottom right of photograph - which supposedly resembles a caterpillar.

 

Caterpillar Plant

Scorpiurus vermiculatus

Cornilhão esponjoso
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

 

 

The resemblance of this plant's seed pod to a Caterpillar gives it its English common name.

 

 

Common Ragwort

Senecio jacobaea

Erva de são tiago; Tasna
Peak Flowering Period: May to September

Common Ragwort flowers are an important nectar source for butterflies such as Small Coppers.

Cinnabar Moth caterpillars feeding on Common Ragwort. These caterpillars become toxic to other animals when they eat the poisonous ragwort plants which gives them protection from predators.

 

 

Common Ragwort covered in red mites which feed on the flowers.

 

 

Groundsel

Senecio vulgaris

Tasneirinha
Peak Flowering Period: December to April

 

 

Seed head of Groundsel. The seeds will be dispersed by the wind or any animals brushing past the plant.

 

Tongue Orchid

Serapias strictiflora
Peak Flowering Period: March to May

Creamy-yellow variety.

 

 

 

 

Field Madder

Sherardia arvensis

Granza dos campos
Peak Flowering Period: February to June

 

 

 

 

Mediterranean Catchfly

Silene colorata

Silene rosada
Peak Flowering Period: February to May

Small-flowered Catchfly

Silene gallica

Erva mel; Nariz de zorra
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

 

 

Black Nightshade

Solanum nigrum

Erva moira
Peak Flowering Period: All Year Round

 

Smooth Sow-Thistle

Sonchus tenerrimus

Serralha

Peak Flowering Period: February to August

 

 

Bee collecting pollen from Smooth Sow-Thistle flower.

 

Purple Sand Spurrey

Spergularia purpurea

Sapinho roxo
Peak Flowering Period: March to July

 

 

Field Woundwort

Stachys arvensis

Rabo de raposa
Peak Flowering Period: January to May

 

Shining Deadly Carrot

Thapsia nitida

Peak Flowering Period: April to June

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Southern Deadly Carrot

Thapsia transtagana

Tápsia
Peak Flowering Period: March to May

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

European Umbrella Milkwort

Tolpis barbata

Olhos de mocho
Peak Flowering Period: March to July

Narrow-leaved Crimson Clover

Trifolium angustifolium

Trevo massaroco, Rabo de gato
Peak Flowering Period: April to July

 

 

Hare's-Foot Clover

Trifolium arvense

Pé de lebre; Trevo branco
Peak Flowering Period: March to July

 

 

 

Hop Trefoil

Trifolium campestre

Trevo amarelo
Peak Flowering Period: March to July

Clustered Clover

Trifolium glomeratum

Trevo
Peak Flowering Period: April to July

 

 

 

 

 

White Clover

Trifolium repens

Trevo branco
Peak Flowering Period: March to July

 

 

Reversed Clover

Trifolium resupinatum

Trevo da pérsia; Trevo de flores reviradas
Peak Flowering Period: March to June

The English name is based on the fact that the flowers are reversed, that is to say upside down when compared to other species of clover.

 

 

Arrowleaf Clover

Trifolium vesiculosum

Peak Flowering Period: April to July

 

 

This species is not Native to Portugal. It is an introduced Exotic species.

 

 

Diagnostic White 'W'-shaped marking on pointed, arrow-shaped, leaves.

Spotted Rock Rose

Tuberaria guttata

Alcar

Peak Flowering Period: March to June

 

 

The flowers of the Spotted Rock Rose are highly variable. These flowers have very small spots at the base of the petals.

All these flowers are Spotted Rock Rose.

 

Spotted Rock Rose among variety of other flower species.

 

 

 

 

Lesser Bulrush

Typha angustifolia

Tábua estreita

Peak Flowering Period: April to July

Navelwort

Umbilicus rupestris

Umbigo de vénus
Peak Flowering Period: March to July

Navelwort typically grows in rocks and old walls.

 

 

Navelwort growing on top of Windmill ruin.

 

 

Sea Squill

Urginea maritima

Cebola albarrã
Peak Flowering Period: August to October

 

 

 

 

 

Purple Vetch

Vicia benghalensis

Ervilhaca vermelha

Peak Flowering Period: March to June

Common Vetch

Viciasativa

Ervilhaca mansa; Ervilhaca comum

Peak Flowering Period: February to July

 

 

Seed pod.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Flower Species List :

1 Wild Leek Allium ampeloprasum Alho-de-verão; Alho-inglês; Chalotas Native April to July
2 Moroccan Garlic Allium massaessylum Alho de marrocos; Alho bravo Native March to June
3 Scarlet Pimpernel Anagallis arvensis Morrião dos campos Native March to June
4 Shrubby Pimpernel Anagallis monelli Morrião grande Native March to July
5 Daisy-leaved Toadflax Anarrhinum bellidifolium Samacalo Native April to July
6 Undulate Alkanet Anchusa undulata Buglossa ondulada; Língua de vaca ondeada Native February to May
7 Limestone Lettuce Andryala integrifolia Alface dos calcários; Tripa de ovelha Native April to July
8 Yellow Anemone Anemone palmata Anémona, Flor do vento Native February to May
9 Mouse Plant Arisarum simorrhinum Candeias Native October to February
10 Giant Reed Arundo donax Cana Exotic - Introduced August to October
11 Greater Asparagus Asparagus aphyllus Espargo bravo Native May to November
12 Common Asphodel Asphodelus aestivus Abrótea de verão Native March to August
13 Mediterranean Linseed Bartsia trixago (Bellardia trixago) Flor de ouro Native April to June
14 Large Quaking Grass Briza maxima Bole bole maior Native March to June
15 Field Marigold Calendula arvensis Erva vaqueira Native November to April
16 Portuguese Bellflower Campanula lusitanica Campainhas   April to July
17 Rampion Bellflower Campanula rapunculus Campainhas rabanete; Campânula Native April to July
18 Slender Thistle Carduus tenuiflorus Cardo azul Native March to June
19 Racemose Carline Thistle Carlina racemosa Cardo amarelo anual Native June to September
20 Common Centaury Centaurium erythraea Centáurea comum; Fel da terra Native April to August
21 Dusky Dogfennel Chamaemelum fuscatum Margaça de inverno Native December to April
22 Moroccan Chamomile Chamaemelum mixtum Margaça Native March to June
23 Crown Daisy Chrysanthemum coronarium Pampilho; Palmequer Native February to May
24 Corn Marigold Chrysanthemum segetum Pampilho das searas Exotic - Introduced March to April
25 Crispus Rockrose Cistus crispus Roselha Native April to June
26 Gum Cistus Cistus ladanifer Esteva Native March to May
27 Sage-leaved Cistus Cistus salviifolius Saganho mouro Native February to May
28 Field Bindweed Convolvulus arvensis Corriola campestre Native May to September
29 Cardoon Cynara cardunculus Alcachofra Native May to July
30 Umbrella Sedge Cyperus eragrostis Junção Exotic - from USA March to September
31 Flax-leaved Daphne Daphne gnidium Trovisco; Gorreiro; Lauréola macha Native April to November
32 Wild Carrot Daucus carota Cenoura brava Native May to September
33 Brown Bluebell Dipcadi serotinum Jacinto da tarde Native February to May
34 Purple Viper's Bugloss Echium plantagineum Soagem Native March to June
35 Common Spikerush Eleocharis palustris Eleocare dos charcos; Junco marreco Native March to August
36 Greater Willowherb Epilobium hirsutum Erva dos estolhos; Epilóbio eriçado Native May to September
37 Longbeak Stork's-bill Erodium botrys Agulheta Native March to May
38 Common Stork's-bill Erodium cicutarium Bico de Cegonha Native February to April
39 Field Fumitory Fumaria agraria Fumária dos campos Native December to June
40 Purple Milk Thistle Galactites tomentosus Cardo Native March to June
41 Lesser Gorse Genista triacanthos Tojo menor Native March to June
42 Cut-leaved Crane's-Bill Geranium dissectum Coentrinho Native February to June
43 Doves-Foot Crane's-Bill Geranium molle Bico de pomba Native January to June
44 Field Gladiolus Gladiolus italicus Acoro falso Native March to May
45 Barbary Nut Gynandriris sisyrhynchium Pé de brurro Native February to April
46 Gold Everlasting Helichrysum stoechas Perpétuas das areias Native May to September
47 Common Heliotrope Heliotropium europaeum Verrucária; Tornassol com pêlos Native March to October
48 Gecko-Foot Kidney Vetch Hymenocarpos lotoides Patinha de osga; Albaida Native March to June
49 Flax-leaved St John's-Wort Hypericum linariifolium Hipericão estriado; Pelicão Native May to July
50 Coral-necklace Illecebrum verticillatum Aranhões; Erva sanguinha Native March to September
51 Sheep's Bit Scabious Jasione montana Botão azul Native April to July
52 Prickly Lettuce Lactuca serriola Alface brava Native May to September
53 Angled Pea Lathyrus angulatus Cizarão de folha estreita Native March to June
54 Red Vetchling Lathyrus cicera Araca; Chícharo branco Native March to May
55 French Lavender Lavandula stoechas Cabeçuda; Rosmaninho; Arçã Native February to June
56 Small Tree Mallow Lavatera cretica Malva alta Native March to July
57 Autumn Snowflake Leucojum autumnale Campainhas do outono Native August to November
58 Annual Toadflax Linaria incarnata   Native March to June
59 Ballast Toadflax Linaria spartea Ansarina dos campos Native February to July
60 Pale Flax Linum bienne Linho bravo; Linho de inverno Native February to June
61 Small-flowered Birdsfoot Trefoil Lotus parviflorus Loto de flor miúda Native April to June
62 Narrow-leaved Lupin Lupinus angustifolius Tremoço bravo Native February to May
63 Yellow Lupin Lupinus luteus Tremoceiro amarelo Native/Planted as green manure March to June
64 Hairy Lupin Lupinus micranthus Tremoço hirsuto Native March to May
65 Spanish Mallow Malva hispanica Malva de espanha Native April to July
66 Least Mallow Malva parviflora Malva de flor pequena Native March to June
67 Pennyroyal Mentha pulegium Hortelâ pimenta mansa Native June to September
68 Round-leaved Mint Mentha suaveolens Mentastro, Hortelã brava Native June to September
69 Woody Sandwort Minuartia geniculata   ?? March to ?
70 Pale Lesser Snapdragon Misopates calycinum   Native March to July
71 Lesser Snapdragon Misopates orontium Focinho de rato Native March to July
72 Tassel Grape Hyacinth Muscari comosum Jacinto das searas; Cebolinho de flor azul Native March to May
73 Jersey Forget-me-not Myosotis debilis   Native April to June
74 Hoop Petticoat Narcissus Narcissus bulbocodium Campainhas amarelas Native January to April
75 Portuguese Catmint Nepeta multibracteata Nêveda ramosa Native May to July
76 Oleander Nerium oleander Loendro; Cevadilha Native February to March & May to August
77 Hemlock Water-Dropwort Oenanthe crocata Embude, Prego do diabo Native March to July
78 Cat-Claw Rest-Harrow Ononis cintrana Unha gata; Unha gata de Sintra; Rilha boi Native April to June
79 Early Purple Orchid Orchis mascula olbiensis Satirião macho Native March to May
80 Star of Bethlehem Ornithogalum orthophyllum Leite de galinha Native February to May
81 Compressed Bird's-Foot Ornithopus compressus Serradela amarela Native March to June
82 Common Broomrape Orobanche minor Orobanca Native April to June
83 Hemp Broomrape Orobanche ramosa Erva toira ramosa Native February to May
84 Bermuda Buttercup Oxalis pes-caprae Trevo azedo Exotic - Introduced November to April
85 Long-headed Poppy Papaver dubium Papoila longa Native March to June
86 Rough Poppy Papaver hybridum Papoila ouricada; Papoila peluda Native March to May
87 Common Poppy Papaver rhoeas Papoila Native March to July
88 Yellow Bartsia Parentucellia viscosa Erva peganhenta Native April to June
89 Silver Paronychia Paronychia argentea Erva prata, Erva dos unheiros Native February to June
90 Lampwick Phlomis lychnitis Salva brava; Candeiolas Native April to June
91 Buck's-Horn Plantain Plantago coronopus Diabelha Native March to July
92 Hare's Foot Plantain Plantago lagopus Orelha de lebre Native March to June
93 Ribwort Plantain Plantago lanceolata Corrijó; Língua de ovelha Native March to July
94 Jersey Cudweed Pseudognaphalium luteo-album Perpétua brava ?? February to October
95 Jersey Buttercup Ranunculus paludosus Ranúnculo dos charcos Native February to May
96 Stream Water-Crowfoot Ranunculus penicillatus Ranúnculo de água Native February to April
97 Wild Radish Raphanus raphanistrum Saramago ?? January to June
98 Weld or Dyer's Rocket Reseda luteola Lírio dos tintureiros Native March to June
99 Crocus-leaved Romulea Romulea bulbocodium Nosilha Native January to April
100 Sheep's Sorrel Rumex acetosella Erva azeda Native March to July
101 Red Dock Rumex bucephalophorus Catacuzes Native February to June
102 Northern Dock Rumex longifolius   Probably Native May
103 Mediterranean Salad Burnet Sanguisorba verrucosa Pimpinela menor Native March to July
104 Sweet Scabious Scabiosa atropurpurea Saudades roxas; Suspiros; Suspiros roxos Native April to July
105 Autumn Squill Scilla autumnalis Cila de outubro Native August to November
106 Round-headed Club-Rush Scirpoides holoschoenus Bunho Native April to August
107 Scorpion Plant Scorpiurus muricatus Cornilhão pequeno Native March to June
108 Caterpillar Plant Scorpiurus vermiculatus Cornilhão esponjoso Native March to June
109 Common Ragwort Senecio jacobaea Erva de são tiago; Tasna Native May to September
110 Groundsel Senecio vulgaris Tasneirinha Native December to April
111 Tongue Orchid Serapias strictiflora   Native March to May
112 Field Madder Sherardia arvensis Granza dos campos Native February to June
113 Mediterranean Catchfly Silene colorata Silene rosada Native February to May
114 Small-flowered Catchfly Silene gallica Erva mel; Nariz de zorra Native March to June
115 Black Nightshade Solanum nigrum Erva moira Native All Year Round
116 Smooth Sow-Thistle Sonchus tenerrimus Serralha Native February to August
117 Purple Sand Spurrey Spergularia purpurea Sapinho roxo Native March to July
118 Field Woundwort Stachys arvensis Rabo de raposa Native January to May
119 Shining Deadly Carrot Thapsia nitida   Native April to June
120 Southern Deadly Carrot Thapsia transtagana Tápsia Native April to July
121 European Umbrella Milkwort Tolpis barbata Olhos de mocho Native March to July
122 Narrow-leaved Crimson Clover Trifolium angustifolium Trevo massaroco; Rabo de gato Native April to July
123 Hare's-Foot Clover Trifolium arvense Pé de lebre; Trevo branco Native March to July
124 Hop Trefoil Trifolium campestre Trevo amarelo Native March to July
125 Clustered Clover Trifolium glomeratum Trevo Native April to July
126 White Clover Trifolium repens Trevo branco Native March to July
127 Reversed Clover Trifolium resupinatum Trevo da pérsia; Trevo de flores reviradas Native March to June
128 Arrowleaf Clover Trifolium vesiculosum   Exotic - Introduced April to July
129 Spotted Rock Rose Tuberaria guttata Alcar Native March to June
130 Lesser Bulrush Typha angustifolia Tábua estreita Native April to July
131 Navelwort Umbilicus rupestris Umbigo de vénus Native March to July
132 Sea Squill Urginea maritima Cebola albarrã Native August to October
133 Purple Vetch Vicia benghalensis Ervilhaca vermelha Native March to June
134 Common Vetch Vicia sativa Ervilhaca mansa; Ervilhaca comum Native February to July

 

 

Links to detailed webpages:

Birds

Mammals

Seasons 2019

Breeding Season 2019

Butterflies

Flowers

Dragonflies

Reptiles & Amphibians

Moths

Insects

Trees

Spiders

Bulrush Pond

Windmill Pond

Hide Pond

Weather

Flower Meadows

Fungi Lichens

Conservation & Management

IUCN Red List

Colour Rings Tags

Nearby Wildlife

Fox Gallery

Bird Feeders

 

Catalonia Wildlife

Mashatu Botswana

Tswalu Kalahari

 

 

Mammal Maps Butterfly Maps Reptile & Amphibian Maps   Trail Cameras

Spring Watch

Barn Owls 2019

Links

 

Home

 

Back to top

 

Webmaster: Phil Perry - Copyright © 2019

Email Contact: lince@portugalwildlife.com