Portugal Wildlife

Guide to the Fungi, Slime Moulds & Lichens of a Wildlife Reserve in Baixo Alentejo

Gallery of some of the fungi species found on the wildlife reserve. All the photographs are taken on the reserve.

Species Notes Photographs Photographs Photographs

 

 

 

Fungi

 

 

 

Fly Agaric

Amanita muscaria

Rosalgar ; Mata bois
 

An easily identified poisonous fungus.

 

 

Shaggy Inkcap

Coprinus comatus

Coprino cabeludo

 

This fungus is edible when young. But correct identification is critical !

The name "Inkcap" comes from the black droplets formed on the cap when the fruiting body 'self-dissolves' (autolyses).

Puffball

Lycopodon sp.

 

 

 

Parasol Fungus

Macrolepiota procera

Púcara ; Frade
 

This fungus is edible when young. But correct identification is critical as a smaller species of Macrolepiota is poisonous to some people !

The Parasol is a Saprobic fungus. This means it feeds on dead organic matter. The term Saprophyte used to be applied but this term is now out of fashion. Some plants also used to be called Saprohytes - but as they cannot break down organic matter this term is no longer correct. So the term Saprophyte is now obsolete as there are not any - no plants and no fungi !

 

 

 

Earthball Fungus

Pisolithus arrhizus
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unidentified Fungi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Slime Moulds

 

 

 

 

 

This is a plasmodial Slime Mould, possibly Fuliga septica. Slime Moulds are organisms that can live freely as single cells, but can aggregate together to form multicellular reproductive structures. They used to be classified as Fungi. But now they are not and belong to an entirely different group of life-forms.

Slime Moulds such as this one are important organisms that  contribute to the decomposition of dead vegetation such as fallen twigs from trees. So they are a key part of recycling of dead organic matter.

Also known as Scrambled Egg Slime !

 

Fungi Species List :

1 Fly Agaric Amanita muscaria Rosalgar ; Mata-bois
2 Shaggy Inkcap Coprinus comatus Coprino cabeludo
3 Puffball Lycopodon sp.  
4 Parasol Fungus Macrolepiota procera Púcara ; Frade
5 Earthball Fungus Pisolithus arrhizus  

 

Lichens:

A selection of unidentified lichens.

Species Notes Photographs Photographs Photographs

 

 

 

Lichens

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fungi and Lichen identification can be quite difficult so if you notice any errors or omissions please email me at : lince@portugalwildlife.com

 

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